Autonomous heating systems in private houses perform one of the main functions in their arrangement. Not only the comfort of living depends on the correct distribution of heat in the rooms. Heating also has a constructive load: it prevents the occurrence and spread of dampness, fungus and mold. With the constant rise in prices and the expensive connection costs, the question of what kind of heating is better in a private house is becoming increasingly important.
Today various schemes of the device of heating systems and models of the equipment for them are presented. There is no ideal option when choosing them. But there are basic rules that need to be followed - to achieve proper regulation, distribution and transfer of heat to all rooms of the building.
The main criteria when choosing heating systems are :
Minimum expenses at high heat transfer. Providing housing with the right amount of heat and low installation, operation and maintenance costs.
Maximum automation . Heating systems for safety purposes must be operated with the least human intervention in their work.
High wear resistance of all elements . It is necessary to choose the necessary equipment taking into account its operational reliability.
Classification of all heating systems, without exception, occurs according to the type of fuel required for their operation. If you need to constantly save on energy consumption of the system, and there is an opportunity to use several types of fuel for heating, then the best solution would be to purchase combined equipment. These models have all the advantages of standard types of heating boilers and can produce work on several types of fuel. For the purpose of acquaintance, different types of installation are presented so that the developer can choose which heating is better for a private house.
One of the most recognized devices individual heating systems in your home. The coolant here is a pipeline closed along the contour with wiring, with water heated from the boiler circulating through it. Installation of heating is carried out in several ways: one or two-pipe, with batteries (cast iron, steel, bimetallic) or convector-type radiators. The model of the heating boiler is set according to the type of fuel.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the choice of a gas boiler for a private house.
There are several mounting options for such systems. When designing a private house, you need to carefully consider their choice.
For the purpose of acquaintance, different types of installation are presented so that the developer can choose which heating is better for a private house.
assembly with natural circulation due to pressure difference;
mounting with forced circulation type.
mounting with top wiring;
mounting with bottom wiring.
one-pipe installation scheme;
vertical connection diagram;
horizontal connection diagram.
junction with passing highways;
junction with dead-end highways.
The "Leningradka" scheme simplifies the management of the temperature adjustment process for each room taken separately in a house.
constant volume of fluid in coolants;
saving on fuel;
noiseless at work;
simplicity installation, maintenance and repair;
large life .
frequent cleaning radiators to increase heat transfer;
high the possibility of leakage of pipes in case of metal corrosion;
a mandatory removal of fluid from the system is required before its preservation;
the need for constant operation to prevent freezing of the fluid in the cold season;
labor intensity during assembly.
Heating is done directly by air, which is heated by a gas air heater, a water heat exchanger or an electric heater and by means of a fan, through air supply ducts, is distributed to heated rooms in the house. The cooled air is taken from the rooms through return air ducts, fresh air is mixed in from the street, this mixture is cleaned of dust by a filter, and is again fed to the heater in the heater. And so on the "circle" until the temperature in the house reaches the value set on the thermostat and the system turns off. If the temperature in the house decreases by 1 degree, the thermostat turns on the system again and so on.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link, read more about air-conditioning systems.
Instead of heating the air in winter and summer, the air in such a system can be cooled by installing an air conditioner evaporator or water cooler into the duct next to the air heater. The evaporator can be used to heat the air if the outdoor unit of the air conditioner has the function of a heat pump.
A humidifier, an air sterilizer, an additional HEPA filter can be added to the channel if necessary.
The installation of heating with the installation of steam systems still remains in demand. The system normally works with various types of fuel - wood, gas, coal, electricity. When installing it, priority is given to combined heating methods (gas + electricity, solid fuel). The right choice of combining fuel significantly reduce the cost of the process of heating housing.
In a steam boiler, the liquid heats up to the boiling point, and the resulting vapor enters the radiators or pipes. Cooling gradually, it condenses and flows back into the boiler. Reliability in operation directly depends on the steam boiler model. It must be chosen, taking into account the area and engineering features of the building.
The advantages of the system :
fast heating at home without depending on its area;
good heat dissipation ;
a small probability s of system freezing.
high temperature inside the coolant adversely affects the operational capabilities of the system;
permits documentation is required for commissioning;
there is no possibility to maintain a certain temperature condition inside the building;
noise when filling with steam;
the need for constant monitoring due to the explosion hazard of steam boilers;
large we stand nce equipment
If there is no gas line in the area where the private house is located, the liquefied gas heating system is assembled. For this purpose, a gasholder is installed on the household plot - a hermetic tank, which is periodically filled with propane with butane.
an environmentally friendly source of heat;
an increase in the life of the equipment;
complete autonomy .
labor input editing;
inconvenience refueling ;
problems with obtaining permits documents ;
high cost of installation;
constant control by the service departments;
if there is no connection to the gas mains, then it is necessary to have special facilities for the storage of fuel .
On our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the design service of country houses and heating systems and weatherization of turnkey houses. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
The rise in energy prices significantly influenced the popularity of the arrangement of heating systems using electricity. Such an approach is economically justified only in the absence of other alternatives. As heat carriers in electrical systems, electric fireplaces, convectors, infrared heaters, heated floors are used.
Pros of heating with energy :
relatively small cost of equipment for installation;
possible the use of electric boilers for getting hot water ;
environmental friendliness ;
possibility automation to maintain the optimum temperature in the building;
there is no need for expensive maintenance;
the possibility of rearranging the heater and from one room to another.
high power consumption (up to 24 kW / h) and considerable cost of electronic carriers ;
the need to install additional multi-phase distributors ;
with possible power outages Failure occurs in the whole scheme.
Choose heating a private house, using for this purpose the energy resources of the earth - to get an environmentally friendly and economical source of heat for heating a private house. 98% of the sun's energy is accumulated in the soil layers, which is the basis for the production of fuel. Regardless of the time of year and the temperature on the surface, it is warm in deep layers of the soil.
The geothermal installation consists of external and internal circuits. The external circuit (heat exchanger) is located below ground level. The internal circuit is a conventional system located in the house and mounted from pipes and heating radiators. Coolants are water or other liquid containing antifreeze.
the ability to set up and start up the system in different climatic conditions ;
environmental safety ;
constant obtaining the required amount of thermal energy;
low cost for operation.
expensiveness acquiring the necessary equipment;
payback of the installation is possible only after 7-8 years;
labor input installation;
the need for building a collector .
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about heating radiators for a private house.
An alternative and environmentally safe method of obtaining heat is to install the heating using solar collectors. In regions with low solar activity, this method is used as a backup or additional option.
large operational life;
fast payback ;
availability of equipment for installation;
is the best option for receiving heat from electric heaters and when arranging underfloor heating;
simplicity in operation;
no cost for the purchase of fuel.
need for constant solar lighting ;
need in complex calculations for correct installation of photocells;
installation of the roof at a 30 degree angle ;
it is desirable to have a spare source of heat available.
The use of fireplaces and stoves is advisable only as a source of additional or temporary heat energy when building heating systems in individual construction. Mainly used for heating country cottages. In private houses of a large area, with a permanent residence of people, they have no efficiency, since they are not able to ensure uniformity in the supply of heat throughout the premises. Or it is necessary to additionally install a water heating system, and use the stove as a beautiful wood-burning boiler
On our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the installation of turnkey stoves and fireplaces. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
To decide on the best option for arranging autonomous heating systems and finally orient yourself on which heating system to choose for a private house, it is advisable, first of all, to analyze which type of fuel is most accessible in a given area . The decision in favor of a suitable heating system depends on this.
The exhibition of houses "Low-Rise Country" expresses sincere thanks to the experts the company "ATM Climate" for assistance in creating the material.
The ATM Climate company is an expert in air heating. If you need more detailed advice, you can use the following contacts:
website: atm-climat. ru
tel. : +7 (495) 740-61-33