The technology of building houses from CIP panels for residents of our country is a novelty. There are a lot of disputes around it, arguing for and against. Most of them are due to a lack of information and experience in using such a technique. One of the issues arising from the discussion of technology, is the exterior of the house of CIP panels, options for using materials, the best ways to design walls. On this topic and selected information in the article. The question is far from idle and deserves detailed consideration.
CIP panels are a building material of three layers:
The panels are connected in the longitudinal direction with the help of a beam that is installed between the outer layers of the two joined plates. This makes the technology similar to frame housing construction, but in this case the supporting elements are the panels themselves, and the bars of the frame are needed only for joining and sealing the joints.
The resulting cake is reliably connected with adhesive, therefore the plates are able to withstand significant loads - each running meter of the wall can withstand a longitudinal pressure of up to 10 tons. This allows you to build warm, durable and neat houses with low weight. The house does not create a significant load on the foundation; it is built in 3-4 weeks.
The main feature of the SIP panels is complete impermeability to water vapor. Neither the outer layers, nor the insulation do not pass it through itself, which significantly simplifies the exterior finish and allows you to use any materials. If brick or concrete walls do not allow the use of hermetic coatings, then CIP panels quite successfully cooperate with any materials.
Exterior finish of CIP panels is necessary because the outer layer of OSB consists of wood chips, by its texture it is close to chipboard. The plates have excellent thermal insulation properties, but they are not resistant to moisture. Several rains are capable of turning the material into dust, even if the surface is soaked with water-repellent compounds.
In addition, the exterior of the building is not attractive, the house looks too unreliable . Despite the quite decent bearing properties of CIP panels, from a psychological point of view, this is a house made of chipboard, in the mind of a Russian person it is associated with a flimsy auxiliary building. Exterior finish helps to completely change the look of the house, turning it into a solid and externally attractive mansion.
The main tasks of exterior decoration are:
Protection of walls from atmospheric manifestations.
Protection of outdoor insulation , which is necessary in regions with frosty winters.
Creating an attractive and stylish exterior view of the house.
Decorative finishes in this list are in last place not by accident. Most owners tend to choose it precisely by external signs, although first of all it is necessary to be guided by the operational qualities of the material and choose it according to the degree of reliability and resistance to external manifestations.
Exterior facade decoration The home sip can be made from a variety of materials using appropriate technology. Consider the most common ones:
This is a material for exterior decoration of buildings consisting of oblong narrow panels. They are installed in a horizontal or, more rarely, in a vertical position and constitute a canvas of any size. There are different types of siding. Two types of materials are most often offered:
Metallic . The panels are made of galvanized steel with an outer polymer coating. They form a durable and resistant coating. The main disadvantage is that during mechanical impacts dents are formed that cannot be repaired.
Vinyl . Plastic panels have an attractive appearance and some elasticity, thanks to which it is able to return to its former shape after removing the load. The disadvantage of vinyl siding is a high coefficient of thermal expansion and brittleness in the cold.
The panels have a wide choice of colors, allowing you to decorate your house to taste. There is also a wide choice of profile panels:
Ship's board .
Log , etc.
In addition, manufacturers produce a full set of components (additional elements) that allow arrange in the same style all the elements of the facade:
Starting and finishing strips .
Corner planks are internal and external.
Subwindow boards .
Soffits , etc.
The main advantage of siding is reliable protection from moisture. Sheathing forms a solid cocoon around the outer walls, cutting off atmospheric moisture in any manifestation. In addition, it is light and does not load the walls, which is important for houses from CIP panels.
Initially, this material was called "ground siding", which quite eloquently speaks of its purpose. From the usual siding facade panels differ in size and type of imitation. They have a shape close to a rectangular, and the surface simulates various variants of stone or brickwork.
This is an important feature of the facade panels, since ordinary siding imitates various wooden surfaces. The material, originally intended for the decoration of the plinth surface, quickly became an independent type of plating, as the houses, so decorated, look very solid and stylish.
The installation technology of facade panels is close to the method of installing ordinary siding, and the technical characteristics are almost the same.
Plaster is one of the oldest exterior finishing methods known since ancient times. The house, decorated in this way, looks solid and respectable.
Currently there are several types of material:
All the options have their advantages and disadvantages, but when the facade for the house is finished from the vulture panels, it is necessary to choose a material that is impermeable to moisture. Of these types of the most successful set of qualities has silicone plaster, which has water-repellent qualities, elasticity and resistance to external influences.
In addition to the composition, plaster is distinguished by the shape of the surface:
Stone crumb .
On our site you can familiarize yourself with the most popular in Moscow suburbs areas for the construction of a country house . In filters you can set the desired direction, the presence of gas, water, electricity and other communications.
There are different types of surfaces:
Bark Beetle .
Fur Coat .
The difference between them lies in the technology of application, but the performance characteristics do not depend on it. When choosing a plaster type, its weight should be considered. With a large coverage area, the load on the walls is considerable, which is reflected both on the panels and on the foundation. The adhesion of plaster compositions to OSB is small, therefore, when applied, reinforcing meshes are used. They make the grip more durable, but increase the thickness of the layer and, accordingly, the weight. For large facades, the load may be excessive.
Plastering is done both directly on the walls and on the insulation layer. This allows you to increase the heat-saving quality of the panels and at the same time decorate the surface, hiding the external unattractiveness of thermal insulation materials.
By type of installation, fiber cement panels are similar to siding. They form a durable and reliable coating that can withstand any external influences. The material is a long panel of cement composition, reinforced with vegetable fibers (fiber).
The disadvantage of this type of plating is the large thickness of the panels - 1-1.5 cm, which forms a large weight of the canvas . Facing the facade of the house of CIP panels, made of such material can overload the supporting structures and cause deformation or destruction of the walls. In addition, the cost of fiber cement panels is high, as there are no domestic samples of the material, all the options are imported. The house, decorated with a federal target program, looks very modern, in a modern urban style.