The roofs of private houses are one of the fundamental elements of the whole building. Spectacular, appropriately designed roofing is the calling card of the house, the measure of the owners' taste. An important supporting structure, it is designed to protect the housing from the vagaries of the weather and maintain a comfortable temperature and humidity. Modern construction offers all kinds of roofs for a private house. All of them are capable of becoming a reliable, stable and durable solution, provided that the load on the structure is calculated correctly and the appropriate building materials are selected.
Roof as a business card
The main division of roofs into types is made depending on the external kind, and to distinguish one type of roof from another can even the unaided eye of a layman.
Modern fashion trends have made flat roofing a popular trend in private construction. Roofs of this type are soft, have a slope of up to 3 °. They can be a worthy option for many reasons:
Due to the minimum area, significant savings are achieved in materials, construction and installation works, and construction time. The same can be said about the subsequent maintenance and repair.
Such a roof is an additional multifunctional area. Here you can install an antenna, air conditioning or solar panels. The roof makes it possible to equip the sports ground, a place for a comfortable rest and tan, break a flower garden.
The main disadvantage is the small angle of the slope. In areas with snowy winters on such a roof can accumulate a large snow mass, sufficient to damage the structure. When warming is likely to leak, but this is mainly a feature of buildings, the construction of which was violated construction technology.
On a flat roof you can place a rest area
Pitched roof - with inclined surfaces allowing the roof self-cleaning naturally. The slope of the slopes is characterized by an angle to the horizon line; it can vary from 5 ° to 70 °.
Pitched roofs of private houses allow you to use the attic space for household needs and as an attic. The device of a sloping roof depends both on the architecture of the structure and the material for the final covering, and on the climate.
There are various pitched roofs of houses, the varieties are combined into groups according to the shape and number of slopes:
Shed. Such constructions rest on walls of different height. Simple, cheap and durable option.
Gable. Allow to equip an attic or an attic, well take away precipitation. Practical and common option.
Four-Pitch. The most durable and reliable. But the large weight of the roof requires strengthening the supporting structure.
Tent, design. The most unusual and costly options.
Hip roof; ideal for a home in the form of a square or a regular polygon
Interest in spherical structures is consistently high. In addition to the original appearance, they attract additional advantages:
Streamlined shape. Allows you to avoid direct wind pressure, which is a guarantee of strength and integrity.
Tightness. It is provided with roofing material (usually galvanized steel).
Easy maintenance. Snow and water do not accumulate on the surface.
Professional builders know that the tilt angles for roofs are selected based on the upcoming operating conditions. When determining the optimum angle of inclination of the roof, several factors are taken into account:
A properly designed roof must withstand the wind and precipitation typical of the area.
In areas with snowy winters, a large angle of inclination of the roof is set (45-60 °); so the snow comes off smoothly, the probability of glaciation decreases.
In order for the construction to stand in areas with strong winds, the angle of the slope is minimal. To reduce windage choose a range of 9-20 °.
In southern regions where sunny weather prevails, a flat roof with a gradient of 3-5 ° (for gathering water) will be the best option. Compared with the roofs of other types of heat it will be less.
The optimal slope angle is considered to be from 20 to 45 °.
No snow accumulates on a properly made roof
From the choice of roofing depends on the minimum angle of inclination of the slopes.
Slate, tile.Moisture will not accumulate and leak with a minimum roof slope of 22 ° (for tiles) and 30 ° for slate.
Ruberoid, euroroofing material. The number of layers determines the value of the parameter. For a roof of 2 layers, a slope of 15 ° is required, for 3 - 5 ° is enough.
Professional sheet. The minimum allowable roof slope is 12 °.
Metal tile. The minimum slope of the roof is limited to 14 °.
Ondulin. The minimum figure is 6 °.
Soft tiles. Mounted with a slope of 11 °.
Roofing membrane type. Set the minimum slope in the range of 3-5 °.
What should be the roof - in the video:
And more original types of roofs in the photo:
Symbiosis of a flat and pitched roof of a house in the style of high-tech
Interesting design solution for a sloping roof
The window in the attic at one time was a difficult technical task
Lack of a ceiling visually increases the room
Conical and pitched roofs on one house
The manufacture of such structures must be trusted exclusively to professionals
Combiniro This split-level roof
For such beauty to remain functional, careful calculations are required
The classic solution for a two-story house
In this design, it is very important to competently make the points of junction of the first floor roof to the walls
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the filing of roof overhangs.
Classic gable roof, but assembled on several levels
Sliding Roof with additional visor over the terrace and roof window
Rounded one-side roof
In such constructions it is required to carefully consider the possibility of building shrinkage
A large window in the attic gives good illumination in the room
The original design, which requires careful calculations of the windage
"Modified" dual-slope rooftop classic
Here l is interesting not so much the construction as facing material
An example of arranging a flat roof as a platform for outdoor recreation
The ideal solution for a roof over a swimming pool - if necessary, the playground closes completely
It can be interesting! In the article follow this link read about the grill with a roof.
Starting the construction of a private house, the owner wants to choose a roof that is not only aesthetically perfect, but also reliable, capable of serving for a long time. Such a choice is not always unequivocal, each option has pros and cons. To make the right decision, it is not enough just to know the types of roofs and their names - a set of issues should be considered, including design features and the general architecture of the structure, climatic conditions and, of course, personal preferences.