Such a technology as siding trimming a wooden house has several centuries. Ancestors consider the first settlers of North America, in fact, invented curtain facade, which protected the main walls from the effects of rain and sun. In addition to the protective properties of such plating there is another attractive feature - it is easy to repair. And if necessary, or at the request of the owner, it will not be difficult to replace it with a new one. Now there are other materials that have further expanded the possibilities of siding on the design and protection of the walls of the house.
Initially, siding looked like ordinary boards, lapped over the crate so that the edge of the top hangs over the bottom. Now this kind of decoration is used as a tribute to tradition or to get a facade in the style of "retro". In modern execution, most types of siding use a locking system for connecting panels according to the “tongue-and-thorn” principle, but the skinning functions have not changed - sediments, flowing down it, should not penetrate, therefore the groove is on top and the thorn is below.
There are no restrictions on siding materials for covering a wooden house. And although one of the main advantages of wood are “breathing” properties, the curtain system of the facade with a ventilated gap does not interfere with natural gas exchange through the walls between the room and the street.
Types of siding for house cladding are distinguished by the material used for panels: wood, wood-based composite, fiber cement, metal and vinyl.
The principle “similar with similar” applies to houses as well. Therefore, many owners of wooden houses use panels made of the same material.
Modern wooden siding for exterior home decoration has the following classification:
Front board with a regular butt or "a quarter" . With the usual butt board mounted in the traditional way - overlap with overhang. For mounting the board with a quarter there are two ways - “herringbone” and in the same level (“shipboard”), but so that a quarter of the top panel is on the bottom.
Lining "American" . It has a complex profile, which the exterior of the herringbone style borrowed from siding. Two types of interconnection between the panels: with a “quarter”, “thorn-groove”.
Imitation of a bar and block house . Special types of facade lining with increased thickness (although there are interior, more subtle, modifications). In appearance of the cladding, these materials do not belong to the siding, but on the location of the groove and tenon on the facade, on the functions and fastening to the crate - there are no fundamental differences.
Note! Many types of modern siding (not from wood) have similar versions of the front surface of the panel. And besides the characteristic for traditional siding "herringbone", there is a "ship board" and "block house."
Coniferous species are usually used to manufacture front wood siding: pine and larch. You can also find offers for sale of cedar facade boards. The cost is greatly influenced by the type of wood, grade, manufacturer (including country of origin), panel thickness and the presence of protective treatment at the production stage.
The most inexpensive option is a domestic planed board made from AB or A grade pine with a thickness of 20 mm, a square meter of which costs 300-350 rubles. The cost of a board with a quarter is not fundamentally different.
Imitation of a pine bar of grade A with a thickness of 20 mm costs about 20% more than the board, and for larch with the same parameters you have to pay three times more - 1100-1200 RUB / m 2 . You can reduce costs and choose an imitation of a bar of grade B, which will cost 800-850 rubles / m 2 . There is also a grade C, but it does not for home decoration - used for outbuildings or an inexpensive house in the village.
On our site you can find a contact acts of construction companies that offer the service of finishing and insulation of houses. You can directly communicate with representatives by visiting the low-rise country exhibition of houses.
The most expensive types of wood finishing are front boards with heat treatment and an oil or varnish coating. , pine plank made in Europe (from Russian raw materials) will cost from 1,200 rubles / m 2 , from larch - from 1,400 rubles. / m 2 .
There is a more expensive segment of the front board. It is made of solid hardwood or exotic wood with heat treatment and a protective coating. Prices in this category of goods start from 4000 rubles / m 2 .
The advantages and disadvantages of wooden siding are ambiguous.
If front materials for exterior decoration of the house were used, which underwent careful selection at the level of raw materials, drying and deep protective treatment (with antiseptics, varnish, oil), then the resistance to moisture and rotting of wooden siding is high. And virtually invulnerable to these influences is siding from heat-treated wood with a protective coating.
The resistance to mechanical stress depends on the thickness of the panel, and it is not small at the front board (from 18 mm and above). Heat treatment of wood reduces its hardness somewhat, but wall covering is not a floor covering.
The only drawback is flammability. Even the processing of fire retardants does not translate the tree into the category of "not combustible", but reduces the likelihood of ignition during local contact with open fire.
The fact that even the boards impregnated with fire retardants are burning can be clearly seen in the following video:
Plus, a comparison of several flame retardants:
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the cost of house siding with siding.
Siding for finishing a house from a wood-polymer composition is not the only field of application of this material. It is used to make a decking board, which competes with a coating of exotic woods, which are distinguished by high strength, resistance to moisture and rotting.
The WPC house paneling does not require protective treatment, does not burn, practically does not fade in the sun, does not swell and does not warp - that is, it does not have the drawbacks of natural wood. And the service life, according to manufacturers, will be at least 25 years.
Despite the use of inexpensive materials as raw materials (wood waste and plastic waste), WPC siding does not belong to a “low-budget” cladding at a cost. If we compare it with wood, then the price from the domestic producer is approximately the same as that of the imitation timber from grade A larch, "Prima" or "Extra" - from 1200 rubles. / m 2 . Siding from a European manufacturer (more precisely, a European brand with production in China) costs almost twice as much.
This is another type of artificial facade board in the literal sense of the word.
In composition, this is lightweight concrete made from a mixture of cement, cellulose fibers, dyes, and additives. In most cases, the form - this is a board with the texture of natural wood, but there are other solutions. Including at the level of coverage. Therefore, the properties and cost of this siding depend on the manufacturer.
They created this look as a substitute for traditional siding, therefore its classic method of installation is bottom-up, with a spruce overhang of the top board over the bottom.
Fiber cement board is easy to cut and drill. Thanks to the micro-reinforcement at the level of the composition, the strength of the casing is rather high. And coloring with pigments in the volume (for the entire depth of the board) gives a high resistance to the influence of the solar ultraviolet.
As in the case of WPC, fiber cement siding is completely free from the drawbacks of natural wood, does not require protective paint and is easy to maintain. But it is not cheap - the price depends on the manufacturer and the series. The largest market presence of the company Eternit, the cost of products which begins at 1,400 rubles / m 2 .
Recently on the market of finishing materials, new types of siding for finishing the house outside - fiber cement panels with a protective coating and a multilayer structure. The authors of this novelty are Japanese manufacturers of facade systems. Each company has its own recipe, but the properties and cost are equivalent. And all modifications have a layer with an absorber of solar ultraviolet, which increases the resistance to fading.
The simplest option has acrylic paint with the addition of silicone copolymers as a protective layer. Estimated cost - about 1500 rubles. / m 2 .
Slightly more expensive - painted fiber cement siding with the addition of a hydrophilic layer. This is a kind of sorbent that absorbs moisture from the air, which creates a microscopic film of water with a self-cleaning property — dirt is easily washed off by rain. Price - in the region of 2000 rubles. / m 2 .
Another step above is ceramic siding with a hydrophilic layer. The basis of these panels is still fiber cement, but with a ceramic coating and a high degree of protection of pigments from damage when exposed to UV. Price - from 2500 rubles / m 2 .
A at the very top of the fiber-cement siding hierarchy - panels with a protective layer of photoceramics. In addition to blocking ultraviolet radiation and the ability to self-cleaning, there is a function of disinfection and air purification. Photocatalysts when light hits them kill some of the bacteria that are on the surface. Price - from 4000 rubles. / m 2 .
Note! Quite often, all four types in the catalogs of IM are presented as "ceramic" siding.
A special feature of ceramic siding is a wide variety of colors and textures. In addition to the imitation of wooden boards, there are panels "under the stone", "under the brick", "under the decorative plaster."
It might be interesting! In the article the following link read about siding installation.
Metal and vinyl siding for exterior decoration is different in materials, but similar in profile and decorative capabilities to the types of siding. The proximity is so close that the installation technologies are in many respects similar - it is also necessary to take into account the temperature expansion of the panels when mounted on the crate and docking with additional profiles. They also have almost the same range of color and texture solutions.
By the profile view, one and two fracture panels are distinguished. By the look of the front surface - ship board, herringbone and block house.
The cost of standard “wall” panels varies slightly. But in both cases, you can find panels of domestic production within 300 rubles. / m 2 . And import siding from Europe will cost from 800 rubles / m 2 .
In addition, vinyl panels have a more dense version:
basement siding, which is often used for cladding the entire facade (costs from 500 rubles / m 2 up to 1,500 rubles / m 2 );
PVC siding with good sound and thermal insulation properties (price is about 1000 rubles / m 2 ).
Obviously about siding, see the following video:
It might be interesting! In article on the following link read about siding under a brick.
Siding as a panel for exterior home decoration is chosen as part of a curtain wall system, which allows the complex to solve the problem of protecting walls, home insulation and decorative finishes. But most of all he is attractive because of the widest range of materials, texture and cost.