Tea time with your family on a beautiful summer morning or evening gatherings with friends in the open air without leaving your home — what could be the best way to take a break from everyday troubles? To realize the dream of a full-fledged country rest will allow built on the site a porch or terrace to the house . In addition to the functional properties, such buildings carry the design idea, giving the appearance of the cottage or cottage a single complete image of a truly comfortable home. Today, both for outdoor and for interior decoration of the veranda or terrace, there are many designs, styles, designs. For those who choose which terrace to attach to the house, projects, photos and layouts will be a great inspiration.
Often people don’t know how the veranda attached to the house is different from the terrace, so they confuse the concepts with each other, or, altogether, they think the meaning synonyms. That is why, before you think about building, you need to understand the differences between buildings and decide what will suit you better.
The veranda can be of a closed or open type. For the construction of building a foundation and use a variety of materials: polycarbonate, glass, brick or wood. It can play the role of a summer kitchen, dining room, winter garden. This building is usually located on the side of the main entrance or the second exit to the courtyard.
In the event that year-round use of the extension is planned, it is necessary to warm the walls, make a waterproofing, install a heating system.
Attached veranda to the house can perform more functions than the terrace:
If there is a desire to attach the porch to the house with your own hands, projects, photos and other visual materials will help determine the design. Although it would be better to take the help of professionals.
The verandah can be made of various materials. Some designers advise to give preference to the one from which the house is built. But it does not matter, the choice depends only on personal preferences and ideas of the owner of the main building.
The difference between the materials of the main building with the raw materials for the construction of the building, as well as their combination, can highlight the veranda, emphasize the emphasis on one of the buildings, or focus on any particular aspect of the building.
Building materials, from which it is possible to build a veranda of many, the choice depends only on their own will and the available resources of the owner of the house. You can use several materials at once, combining them, and giving a unique aesthetic look to the annex and the house as a whole.
The only thing worth considering is, the more weight and pressure the structure has, the more powerful the foundation will be for it.
By its type, the veranda can be open or closed. Consider both options.
A closed veranda is a room that continues the space of the house. This type gives the maximum number of options for using the room. Designs can be deaf or swing (turning into open). Glazing helps to maintain visual contact with the landscape, to create comfortable conditions for the occupants of the room, to protect the porch. Insulation and heating in winter will create an extra room on the veranda, and the opportunity is there in the cold.
It is desirable to locate the extension taking into account the ingress of as much light as possible into it. The situation should not be heavy and oppressive, it is better to leave as much free space as possible, hang curtains on the windows, create a warm cozy atmosphere.
The design of the open veranda is simpler than the closed one. It can be designed as a closed canopy with a railing, which is a continuation of the porch.The project of this construction does not require compliance with any architectural conditions, and can be prepared after the construction of a house or cottage.
An open veranda attached to the house makes it possible to organize comfortable outdoor recreation. It is necessary to pay attention to the situation, selecting furniture taking into account certain quality characteristics - it must be resistant to environmental influences, tolerate UV rays, and do not require serious maintenance.
The construction of an open veranda requires much less material costs, time and effort. Most of all, it is suitable for owners who have no desire to use it in winter, but simply want to comfortably organize their country leisure in the summer.
The disadvantages of an open veranda are:
The main function of the open-air porch is to enjoy the outdoors and enjoy the view.
It is possible to combine open and closed type extensions. For example, hang curtains of thick fabric, install high opening window openings, or make a fence of the lattice.
Terrace , attached to the house, is a platform that does not require pouring the foundation, installed on a base slightly elevated above the ground . It can be on one side of the house, merge with the porch, or be a separate object. The design of the terrace does not include windows and doors, but has a roof or a shed and fences. Choosing a terrace, you should pay special attention to the floor covering, it should be resistant to the direct effects of natural factors: rain, snow, sunlight.
Most often, the terrace has the following functions:
The open terrace attached to the house will be a good place to get aesthetic pleasure from the surrounding landscape.
Options Terrace structures are numerous, both for active and for passive recreation in the summer season. But before starting to design a structure, it is required to determine the conditions on which its size and functionality will depend.
Racks and beams may be used as a base, smoothly turning into a part of the structure or adjacent to it. On such beams you can install a roof covering that combines a terrace with a porch.
It is possible to install such an open structure immediately to the ground, only it is necessary to prepare it in advance. In fact, this is a very different extension to the house porch and terraces (photos demonstrate the difference). If the presence of a floor made of wood is implied, then the material must be pre-treated with special compounds that protect against moisture.
The floor itself is made so that water can drain off quickly. Under the extension itself it is necessary to locate a catchment basin with a tray or pipe that leads the water out of the terrace.
The terrace has the following features:
Equipping the terrace with additional elements, such as the roof, walls, railings, glass openings, the supply of swings, a hammock and even a dance floor, depends on personal preferences. Properly attached terrace to the house will easily fit into the surrounding landscape, allowing you to enjoy them to the fullest. Those who do not like spontaneous decisions should use projects for the construction of a terrace to the house, photos of which are presented in large quantities.
There are a large number of open areas for recreation in a country plot with a cottage or cottage.
Depending on the design features happens:
Depending on the material, the structure may be:
The choice of the type of construction depends on the area of the site, the location of the house and garden, the presence of a pond or pool on the site, you should also pay attention to the material from which the house is built.
It turns out that the terrace is an open structure intended for summer holidays, the veranda , besides this function, is protecting the external walls and the front door of the building from weather conditions . In some cases, the veranda is used in winter as an additional room, increasing the usable area of the house.
Verandas are more popular in areas with cold climates, changeable weather conditions and temperature changes. Terraces are more often used in places of warmer climate, where the winter period is a smaller part of the year. Verandas and terraces to the house, photos of which are presented in the article, demonstrate this difference.
Before starting the construction, you need to decide where the terrace or veranda will be located to the house, projects and photos of finished objects will help you think about should generally look like construction. And it is worth considering the following factors:
The shape of the terrace can be rectangular, round, multifaceted, and also have several tiers. Multi-level buildings look very profitable and give a special look to the cottage, also with this design there is no need for steps.
Also, even before creating a project for a veranda or terrace, you need to:
After analyzing all the factors of construction, you can begin designing the structure, then look for a construction company, taking into account your calculations. Approach to this is with responsibility and care, otherwise the quality and external characteristics of the finished structure will not be the same as we originally wanted. If you do not take into account all factors, the extension to the house of the veranda and the terrace of the photo will not correspond to the project, which were chosen as a model, at least in quality. To avoid this, it is better to weigh the pros and cons and contact the experts who will do everything under the key.
Before the start of construction work, it is necessary to develop a plan for the veranda and terrace to the house, to make an estimate of costs. This will significantly improve the quality of the structure, will save you from mistakes. When preparing a project, it is necessary to take into account the operating conditions, the functions that the auxiliary room being built will perform.
The features of the construction of the terrace depend on the selected material: blocks, metal, wood, brick. The advantage of a wooden terrace is the optional installation of the foundation or use for the foundation of light structures in the form of columns or piles. Heavy stone and brick require a foundation, it is better if the base of the brick terrace will be combined with the foundation of the house.
The floor should be installed at a level from half a meter to a meter above the ground, slightly tilting in the direction of water discharge. Next, follow the installation of support structures, taking into account the engineering characteristics of the material used for construction.On supports mounted roof frame associated with the house, and fit the roof.
Then, you can proceed to the finish. Interior design can be any, depending on the wishes of the owner of the house and the purpose of the erected extension.
The first thing that is necessary is the foundation, it must correspond to what is used under the house. The next step is laying the genital lag, and attaching the structure to the wall of the building. As the floor is suitable treated board, which can later be varnished or painted.
The installed frame is sheathed with boards, polycarbonate or glazed, then the roof, doors and windows are mounted. Electrical wiring is carried out, and heating (if expected). In the event that the veranda is a living room in the winter, it is necessary to make the insulation with any material that suits you better and meets the climatic conditions.
The roof usually has a lean-to shape, the angle of inclination must be such that snow and rain do not linger on the roof. For the roof it is better to choose the same material that was used for the roof of the main building.
The veranda, as an extension to a one-story house, can become a favorite place for all households, subject to the rules and construction technology. Proper organization of space in the room allows you to achieve the most comfortable conditions. As can be seen from the above, the construction of the terrace and veranda is not such a difficult question. When skilled builders work, such an extension will be a continuation of the house, complement its appearance, increase the space and become a place for rest, parties, children's games. The verandas and terraces attached to the house, the photos of which are presented in the text, will help to outline a better option for a particular plot, but it is better to contact the professionals for the project.
On our website you can familiarize yourself with the most popular country house projects from construction companies represented at the exhibition Low-Rise Country houses.