When looking at a country house it is not always easy to guess what material it is made of and what it is faced with. This article describes the options for the facade of the frame house. The proposed material contains information about the properties of frame walls, the appointment of the outer lining and the requirements for it. You will get acquainted with popular exterior cladding materials, most of which require the installation of a hinged ventilated facade.
Frame technology prevalent in private construction, refers to the pre-fabricated forms of construction of low-rise buildings. Although the frame houses belong to the wooden buildings, in the matter of facade finishing works they have some differences from traditional buildings.
A problem that hampers the finishing of a classic (log or log) house is the natural shrinkage of the wooden walls. For a long period (sometimes up to two years), the humidity of the walls, and with it the geometric dimensions of the walls, decrease. While the active phase of the process lasts, it is not recommended to engage in facade finishing; the risk that the plaster will crack and the siding will swell is very high.
In the construction of frame houses, dry (chamber-dried) planed boards are used, whose humidity is in equilibrium, and the dimensions remain almost unchanged. Walls constructed from such material are free from shrinkage problems; they are characterized by a constant geometry, which allows to start the facade work immediately after the construction of the wall structure.
The facade is a business card any home; therefore, taking care of the first impression, the owners tend to give the housing an attractive look. In addition to the decorative function, the decoration of the walls of the frame house also performs other tasks, including:
Improving the energy efficiency of the design.
Increasing the strength of walls and, therefore, the life of the house.
Protection of walls against the negative influence of natural factors: ultraviolet radiation, precipitation, temperature fluctuations.
The method of finishing is chosen, taking into account not only the expected external effect, but also evaluating the technical possibilities of the material. A quality skin should meet the following requirements:
Resistance to natural changes . Coating quality should not change over time; Expected resistance to heat, frost, high humidity, exposure to microorganisms must comply with the warranty.
Mechanical strength . One of the criteria is the ability of the finish to resist deformation in compression and bending. Good lining does not spoil hail, tree branch or bounced ball.
Low weight . Frame construction - lightweight construction; overload will not do her good.
Reasonable cost . An important factor for any budget.
Easy installation . Technology installation determines how much time and effort will be spent on the lining.
Durability . Lifetime is an important argument when choosing a material.
Unpretentiousness . It's nice when the facade does not require special care.
According to the technology, the enclosing structure of the frame structure includes a hinged facade system, which can be divided into ventilated and non-ventilated. The peculiarity of the ventilated facade is the creation of a ventilation layer (air gap up to 5 cm thick) separating the finishing covering from the walls. The air circulating in the gap prevents condensation from forming on the wall panel and prolongs the life of the housing.
This layer is most easily obtained by mounting a batten - wood (sometimes metal) frame system. The choice of facade decoration is desirable to do at the design stage, because at this moment you can take into account the weight of the future facade. Some materials (for example, clinker or porcelain stoneware) have their own significant weight; using them will require reinforcing walls.
The exterior lining of a frame house should be selected with an eye on the architectural style of a country house. Wood siding will look out of place on a classic-style building, as well as decorative colored plaster based on marble or quartz chips - on a rustic wooden house.
An additional advantage of the hinged facade design is its quick installation and disassembly. The owners of the house, built on frame technology, there is a great opportunity to quickly update the exterior of the building.
On our website you can familiarize yourself with the most popular projects of houses built using frame technology from construction companies, of low-rise country houses presented at the exhibition.
Frame construction technology allows you to build houses of any shape, and the design features do not impose any restrictions on the choice of materials for the facade. Finishing of the frame house outside, the variants of which are determined solely by the taste of the owners, often at the same time includes materials of different color, texture and composition. The choice is limited only by the style of the cottage and the bleached budget. The following methods and materials are used in the exterior finish of the frame structure:
Plastering of the facade is a common method of exterior finishing of frame structures. Acrylic, silicone, mineral, silicate plaster mixtures with various fillers are used for wet cladding. On sale are a mixture of a wide range of colors and textures that allows you to choose the finish for any style.
The positive qualities of this method, in addition to excellent aesthetics, include the possibility of additional thermal insulation combined with non-flammability of the coating. An important advantage is the ability to create high-quality coating on the facade of a complex configuration. The main disadvantage is poor vapor permeability. Also of great importance is the level of professional training and experience of the performers; insufficient skills will cause the rapid destruction of the plastered surface.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of designing country houses. You can directly communicate with representatives by visiting the low-rise country exhibition.
In the cladding of frame houses, all types of siding are applicable: wood, vinyl, fiber cement and metal. Similar options for exterior trim frame house have proven to be one of the easiest to install; natural wood finish is able to completely transform the house, while remaining indifferent to possible deformations of frame structures.
The most common wooden types of siding are the facade. The panels, depending on the parameters and texture, are an imitation of natural lumber. The house, lined with wooden siding, will look like a structure of a log or a bar. Due to the naturalness of the material is very popular, but not less capricious - during operation, the paneling requires regular treatment with antiseptics. When buying, preference should be given to dry hardwood material (pine, beech, larch); such a facade will last a long time and will not require special attention.
About the finishing of a three-story frame house in the following video:
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of building country houses under key. You can directly communicate with representatives by visiting the low-rise country exhibition.
Vinyl siding, despite its artificial origin, is a non-toxic and environmentally friendly material. The facade of the frame house, made of siding, is reliably protected from the vagaries of the weather. Sheathing is designed for a temperature range from -40 to + 60 ° C, it is not affected by dampness, microorganisms and fungi do not start on it.
A light finishing material with a small (1.0 -1.3 mm) thickness does not load wall structures and the foundation of a frame house. This quality, combined with a budget price and a variety of shades, makes vinyl siding a popular finish method. If you decide the question, how to decorate the facade of a frame house at a low price, take a look at the vinyl panels; thanks to them, the structure will acquire neat European features.
One of the most attractive options for finishing a facade of a country house has always been facing by a natural stone. Apparently, therefore, PVC facade panels, reliably imitating stone, have received particular popularity. Synthetic panels perfectly repeat the structure of a variety of surfaces - granite and marble, as well as hand-made rock stone hewn stone and brick.In addition to impeccable appearance, they have other advantages:
Long service life . You will not have to think about the next 40-50 years of the next facade finish - such a guarantee period is indicated on high-quality material.
Good value for money .
Low weight , easy installation and aftercare.
Lack of material - it is almost impossible for them to revet a complex surface.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer a house insulation service. You can directly communicate with representatives by visiting the low-rise country exhibition.
Modern material that has no restrictions on use due to its natural composition - cement with the addition of cellulose and mineral fillers. For the frame of the frame house, they use both fiber cement boards and siding. You can choose a material with a smooth or embossed texture, repeating plaster, stone, wood or brick.
Fiber cement panels not only create the face of the house. They have excellent thermal insulation and energy-saving properties. Fiber cement finish maintains a comfortable temperature in the room, saving heat in the winter, and in the heat preventing the rooms from heating up. Frame walls in a fiber-cement sheath make it possible to save on housing heating. The advantages include durability, strength and flexibility of cladding elements, as well as their resistance to ultraviolet radiation and critical temperatures.
Metal siding is made of galvanized steel with polymer coating and in private decoration houses is not so rare. Like other types of siding, metal is mounted with a mandatory ventilation gap, and the profile prevents surface deformation. The advantages of the material include:
Durability . Manufacturers supply material warranty of 20 years.
Durability and resistance to any weather conditions.
Budget . Metal siding is cheaper than vinyl, moreover, it is more economical during installation.
Metal siding is available in various colors and can also mimic natural surfaces. There is a material on sale with imitation of a calibrated log or bar, plank paneling. The use of such material creates the effect of veneering natural wood. The minus choice of metal siding can be the possibility of corrosion, as well as the fact that the metal surface is quickly heated to the sun and it is easy to scratch.
About low-cost home furnish with fiber cement in the following video:
It might be interesting! In the article the following link read about the insulation of the walls of the frame house.
Front thermopanels are an economical and modern solution for facade cladding and insulation. The panels consist of a solid external coating and a lower thermal insulation layer (polystyrene foam or polyurethane foam). The most popular material is clinker tiles. Thermopanels with a smooth or rough surface can be found on the market, in various colors - from classic red and brown to white, black and sand. The advantages of thermopanels are the following qualities:
High performance . The facade serves as a barrier that reliably protects the frame walls from the vagaries of the weather, in parallel increasing the thermal efficiency and sound insulation of the building.
Convenient installation . Covering walls with thermopanels can be carried out at any time of the year.
External data . Thermopanels have a high decorative value. Fixing of elements is carried out end-to-end; after finishing grouting, the wall takes the form of solid stone or brickwork.
Vapor permeability . The material of the panels does not stop the air circulation of the wall structures, which makes it possible not to arrange ventilation.
About stylization of a frame house in the style of fachwerk in the following video:
Facing with piece materials is one of the most time-consuming ways to finish the facade of frame housing. Suitable for work front (front, clinker) and hyperpresented brick, artificial facing stone, slabs of concrete and natural stone.
Piece cladding gives walls additional durability, but requires careful preliminary calculation of the load and the device of the ventilation gap. Strengthening the walls - not the only advantage of piece materials.Among the advantages include flammability, wear resistance and long service life. Special attention deserves a variety of proposals. Large manufacturers produce dozens of types of bricks and stones; sometimes it can be custom-made.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the house trim block house.
Cement-bonded particleboard has found wide application in external lining of frame walls (in the manufacture of ventfacades). Sheets are made of wood-cement mixture and have the following features:
Large size . DSP dimensions (length 2.5-3.2 m, width 1.3 m) make it possible to sheathe a large area in a short time.
Performance characteristics . The plates are fireproof, water resistant, have good sound insulation and vapor permeability.
Creative potential . Plain-looking DSP boards can serve as the basis for painting or original design solutions.
Minuses . When using DSP there are also pitfalls. The slabs are heavy enough, which makes installation difficult (for covering the second floor, scaffolding will be needed). The material has a low bending strength; due to installation errors, it may crack.
About the facade of wood and stone in the following video:
When the choice of material must pay attention not only to its performance and cost. Other factors may have a great influence on the choice, for example, the type of insulation used or the climate of the construction region. The following rules will help to avoid errors:
Effect of wall insulation . If the walls were insulated with mineral wool, it is good to use clapboard, block house or vinyl siding for plating. The best option for plaster is foam plastic and its derivatives.
Climate impact . In areas with long and cold winters, preference is given to thermopanels or DSPs. In regions with frequent rainy weather, it is better to abandon wood paneling.
Material selection . Some materials can form a home style regardless of the will of the owner. The choice of fiber cement panels with a glossy surface can give the house a modern tech image (zay-tech). Such a finish will require the corresponding elements of the facade (for example, a standard entrance door is unlikely to be appropriate).
Plating purpose . If the sole purpose of finishing the facade is to give the house a spectacular look, the choice will be affected only by the taste of the owner and the size of the allocated budget. If the warming role is also assigned to the casing, it makes sense to stop at the hinged facade (fiber cement slabs, siding) or thermopanels.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the house with the decoration of cedar.
Frame houses have a pleasant feature - they leave a huge scope for the choice of facade decoration. The market offers a variety of materials with a variety of characteristics and appearance. Depending on your taste, the building will look like a wooden house, a stone castle or a half-timbered cottage, and you can always achieve the optimal price / quality ratio.