The staircase in the house is not only an important structural element in a high-rise building, but also a significant component of the interior. Thanks to various combinations of materials and constructive solutions in installation, it is possible to achieve high quality and uniqueness of the staircase device.
All stairs to give, based on their design features can be divided into 5 types:
The most common in modern high-rise buildings is the flight. The name comes from its design - marches. This design is best to install in places where there is a large amount of free space. In other cases, the installation of the flight of stairs is difficult and does not make much sense. What is its feature? This is a straight staircase consisting of marches. Each march consists of steps, in the amount of from 3 to 15. If the number of steps is greater, then climbing to the next floor will be very tedious. Most often no more than 11 steps are mounted, and an intermediate platform is made, the width not exceeding the march itself.
Also, the Flight Staircase can be of 2 types: closed, when there are risers and open, when there are accordingly, no.
A spiral staircase for a private house is mainly installed in a confined space. It is a column around which steps are set. The width of the steps should be not less than 27-30 cm, since otherwise discomfort will be felt during the ascent. Spiral staircases are also a very cheap option, since their production does not use as much material as on the main flight. They also do not require a strong load-bearing wall.
The main advantage can be called the aesthetics of the spiral design.
Important! It is not recommended to install spiral-shaped structures in places where residents will often carry things and other dimensional cargo, as well as if there are children in the house. This is not only inconvenient, but in some cases dangerous.
It has a very beautiful and pleasant appearance. To a person who first saw such a ladder, it may seem that it is not reliable, but it is not. Properly designed ladder can withstand a mass of about 180 kg. Its name comes from the word "bolt" - bolts. Steps are attached to the bolts, and then lean on the wall. Also the steps go a bit overlap.
This option will perfectly fit into a futuristic or modern design.
On our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of designing houses. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
If there is not enough space in the house, then the "duck pitch" is the most optimal option. A modular design, as a rule, has a rise of 45 degrees, but there are also structures with a 70 degree rise. For her, you can freely choose materials, almost all of them are suitable for maintaining the interior style, but it is worth remembering about security. If there is enough space in the house, then it is better to bypass this option side, as it is not the most convenient to use.
They are also called attic, because they are mainly used to rise to the attic. They can not be called stationary, because to use them, you must first lower. By construction, they are divided into:
They are also perfect if the whole house is laid out and the stationary can ruin the whole harmony. With the help of the attic ladder you can organize a fire exit, and its compactness will make it extremely invisible, but at the same time convenient.
A selection of interesting decisions on the design of stairs in the country - in this video:
The whole weight of the climb comes in steps. What kind of material to choose so that the steps are not too bulky, but at the same time they are strong and beautiful?
Before you begin to study the material for future steps, you need to know the most optimal design features:
It might be interesting! In the article follow this link read about the street stairs to the house.
The most common materials in the construction of stairs are:
If the staircase is ready, but it can be seen that something is missing, you can trim the stairs with a decorative coating. Weight options:
If you don't want to spend a lot of time on the selection of materials, their order, call masters to build a ladder, waiting for a project or calculation, then the ideal solution would be to simply buy a finished ladder from popular models "Profi Hobby". There are presented ready-made solutions for various types of stairs: wooden, attic, screw and modular.
If there is a desire to assemble a ladder from ready-made materials, then you can order separate steps, railings, risers, pillars, platforms and columns.
Before creating and mounting the ladder, all its elements must be carefully calculated so that later it does not become clear that it does not fit into its place, which is too bulky, does not withstand mass or standing at the wrong angle.
The first thing to do is to decide on the installation site of the future structure. You should not do it in the bedroom - it will make the room pass-through and deprive it of any comfort. Installation near the bedroom is also undesirable - very often drafts are formed near the stairs. The most suitable place would be the entrance hall, lobby or living room.
After choosing the place, you must carefully calculate the size and select the materials for manufacturing. For example, wood is great for the interior in the style of "hi-tech".
Do not forget about the technical parameters, such as the angle of inclination, the height of the steps and their number, the presence of an intermediate platform. For each design requirements for comfort and safety will be different.
Railings must be present, even if the staircase has only 4 steps. It is desirable that they withstand a load of more than 100 kg and were at a height of more than 90 cm.
It is also necessary to conduct round-the-clock coverage to the approach - this is the safety standard.
Safety - health is the most important. It is worth to worry about the anti-slip coating.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link, read about the stairs for cottages.
It is not too difficult to select and install a modern staircase to give because of the wide range of offers. The simplest option is to choose a finished product that fits into the existing room. If you need to create and implement an individual project, you should contact a specialist, as he will help create a safe staircase that fits into the interior, and most importantly, taking into account all the norms.