The main building material for the bath is wood. And about her interior and say nothing. Traditionally, the tree is sheathed and the dressing room and the main part of the bath - steam room. But a comfortable and beautiful wooden finish should be protected and preserved, especially in conditions of high humidity. For this wooden parts are impregnated, varnished, painted. Nowadays, it’s not so easy to understand how to paint the sauna bathhouse inside. Appeared modern materials, reliably protecting wooden structures and not harmful to the health of visitors to the bath.
For all its virtues wood is exposed to moisture. Over time, it cracks, darkens and begins to rot. It can appear mold and start microorganisms. All this is true for ordinary external conditions. And in the sauna room conditions are extreme. Even in the waiting room there are no such effects on the walls and floor. The effect of abrupt changes in temperature and humidity in the steam room accelerates the destruction of wood. Under the influence of high temperature, the usual protective coating can release harmful substances.
In addition, a steam room is not just a room in which a person is located. He dwells there in the nude, in contact with the body with wooden surfaces. And on some it even lies. So, for the regiments and benches it is necessary to choose the protection of the tree, which will not be unpleasant when in contact.
Most often in the steam room they strive to preserve the natural color of the tree, selecting for this breed that look beautiful. But if you want to paint part of the steam room, then you need to take this into account when choosing an impregnation. Not every impregnation is suitable for subsequent painting.
It is clear that it will not be possible to find the same impregnation for the bath outside and inside. Even for different parts of the steam room you may need different protective equipment. Wood processing in the steam room should be carried out with compositions adapted to its conditions. And the choice should be based on the following criteria:
For which part of the steam room is the means
intended? Will this be a primary wood impregnation, or re-coating previously protected surface
Method of applying a protective substance on a wooden surface - with a brush, roller or sprayer
Is it planned to further paint the impregnated wood
Of course, you can soak the entire steam room and furniture in it with one composition. And then cover with one varnish. Especially since the funds now being released are rarely limited to a single protection function. Usually they combine, for example, impermeability with antibacterial effects. But the conditions affecting different parts of the steam room are still somewhat different. Therefore, the processing requirements are also different.
Perhaps the least requirements are placed on this part of the steam room. It is exposed only to temperature effects of steam. Water almost does not reach it. Therefore, it can simply be covered with a specialized varnish for a bath.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer bath construction service. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Unlike the ceiling, all the water that is used in the steam room ends up on the floor. Therefore, anti-water protection for floorboards should be very good. In addition to anti-bacterial and anti-water impregnation, it is desirable to cover the floor with a protective layer of varnish. But not every varnish is suitable for sex. The protective layer should not be slippery. To protect the floor is a must. Of course, the soles of the feet should not stick to the floor. Do not think that repeated varnish flooring increases its safety. A thick layer of lacquer cracks, and the water reaches the wood. In addition, through such a coating, the tree can not "breathe", and still deteriorates.
When building a bath, do not forget about the impregnation of the log, on which the floorboards are laid. This, of course, is not the inside of the bath, and there are no special protection requirements for them. But if water reaches them, sooner or later the floor inside the bath house will suffer, no matter how well it is protected.
Most of the impregnation for a bath inside goes to the protection of the wall panel, which is usually sheathed with walls. Therefore, it is not necessary to apply impregnations and varnishes, which, when heated, are capable of emitting sharply smelling substances. And do not cover with a protective layer that does not allow the tree to "breathe."
Shelves - The main part of the entire steam room, for which it is, in fact, built. It should be comfortable, pleasant and safe for health. Wood is a poor heat conductor, so even at high temperatures you will not burn badly about it. Another thing, if it is covered with a protective film, which can cause a burn when touched. Therefore, it is not recommended to use paints or varnishes for it. It is better to apply a special impregnation for the bath. Often such impregnations are based on wax.
The requirements for the safety and convenience of the surface of the shelves and benches are so high that there are bath lovers who believe that wood should be natural for them and not be covered at all. But it is still suitable for small cans, where simple shelves can be replaced. And when real furniture masterpieces are built, it is better to find a qualitative composition, and ensure their durability.
It can be interesting! In the article next link read about the bath of the log.
For the sake of order, it is necessary to mention such a tool as a linseed oil, which was previously covered with all the entrails in a bath. It applies now, but you should not use it in the steam room. It will be cheap, but angry. According to its protective properties, it is yesterday, and the smell from it with good heating does not give pleasure.
They are made on a water basis, therefore they penetrate deeply into the wood structure. Racks to high temperature, do not contain active chemical components and do not emit any harmful compounds when heated. Modern water impregnations contain antibacterial components. Available as colorless, and with the addition of dyes.
The disadvantage is their fragility. Over time, under the influence of water, they are washed out of wood, so impregnation must be renewed every two years.
It is well impregnated and protects the tree from moisture, forming a film. But their inherent odor is a significant drawback. Therefore, to apply them in the steam room should be with caution. For external impregnation and to protect the wood in the dressing room, they are quite suitable.
Acrylic varnish for bath inside is considered safe. Modern means of polyacrylates and organic solvents. Ecologically safe and more resistant than ordinary water-dispersed agents. Acrylic lacquers manufactured for baths and saunas also contain anti-fungal components.
Combines the advantages of water-dispersed and alkyd varnishes. Appeared on the market relatively recently, so it should be treated with caution, like any new product. And the price is rather big.
Wax, like linseed oil, has long been used to protect and shine wooden surfaces. Now pure wax impregnations are hardly used. It is practiced to add wax to the composition of protective agents based on other components.
In addition to protective equipment, special detergents are also available for cleaning and bleaching wood. Used both before the application of protection and for the laundering of contaminated and darkened surfaces.
About the choice of impregnation for a bath in the following video:
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the frame bath.
For processing wood inside the steam room you should not experiment a lot. You need to choose varnishes and impregnations, made specifically for the bath and sauna. Those who produce such products, take into account the conditions and requirements for such premises.
The Finnish company Tikkurila is considered the leader of such products.
Supi Saunasuoja - water-based impregnation with acrylic. Suitable for temperatures above 100 ° C. Universal remedy for the internal protection of the steam room. Available in colorless version, and in a form suitable for tinting.
Supi Laudesuoja - oil impregnation suitable for cover regiments
Supi Saunavaha - wax-based varnish. It is also considered universal and suitable for all bath surfaces.
Import trains have one drawback - this is the price. Domestic manufacturers provide cheaper tools. Here are some that are designed specifically for the bath conditions:
Senezh sauna - antiseptic on an acrylate basis to protect the tree in the baths.It contains antimicrobial agents, but has no odor.
NEOMID 200 is an antiseptic for bathing wooden surfaces, including shelves and benches.
NEOMID Sauna is a translucent acrylic based lacquer. For protection and decoration of wood in rooms with high humidity.
Comparison of foreign and domestic varnishes for baths and saunas in the video:
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the bath from the profiled bar.
Of course, this is not a complete list of paints and impregnations that can be used for baths and in particular steam rooms - there are other manufacturers and other means. What is better to use, it is better to discuss with the specialists of the company building you a bath: there are a number of points that can be determined only directly "on site" - depending on the material used or the design of the bath.