The appearance of houses made of timber looks very noble. But the construction of such a building is quite an expensive process. But to save there is an opportunity in this case. And in order to ensure a good-looking house, but do not spend a lot of money on expensive material, many use imitation timber.
Externally, the walls decorated with imitation are no different from the natural timber
Imitation timber is called a edging board, the outer part of which is profiled under the timber. For the matching of individual elements with each other, spikes and grooves are arranged at the ends of the boards, ensuring reliable adhesion of the elements, which ultimately results in a flat surface without gaps or gaps. The material that imitates timber, as well as regular wall paneling, can be used both for interior and exterior decoration of houses and other buildings. Each board is covered with special compositions and impregnations, which ensures a long service life and safety during operation.
According to the methods of finishing, the imitation boards and natural timber do not differ - for example, you can get a surface with heat treatment boards
Coniferous trees are used in the manufacture of board imitating timber. Most often for this they take wood from spruce, pine or cedar, less often - larch, since the cost of this material will be much more expensive. The manufacturing process following the cutting of a tree trunk into individual boards is as follows:
drying wooden blanks in special chambers, thanks to which their humidity decreases to a value of 12 -18%, and the resin hardens, which leads to an increase in strength;
sawing blanks into several boards of the required size;
treatment of boards with special compounds that prevent the formation of fungus and mold, as well as the effects of adverse environmental factors;
cf viscous technical side boards with subsequent incision cutters on their studs and grooves;
After performing these actions, the finished material is sorted according to the presence of various defects, such as dropped knots, pitch pockets and others.
Some machines cut all the necessary grooves in a single board in just one pass and chamfer
The scope of imitation of a bar is rather extensive. It is successfully used for both interior and exterior decoration of residential and public buildings. So houses, gazebos, cafes, restaurants and many other buildings, the decoration of which is made of a material that imitates timber, get a more aesthetically appealing look. Imitation of timber for interior decoration is most often used for wall and ceiling plating, as well as walls, gables and foundations - for exterior. In the latter case, broader elements are chosen.
Imitation of timber in exterior and interior decoration
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer insulation and finishing services houses. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
The main advantages of the use of imitation lumber when finishing:
creating a level surface hiding all the flaws and shortcomings of the main building material;
improvement of the insulating properties of walling;
long service life with proper installation technology and proper maintenance.
Walls decorated with imitation of timber require exactly the same care as all wooden coatings
In order for the finishing of the walls, the ceiling and other elements in the house from the inside and the outside to have an attractive appearance, the exact observance of dimensions during production is imperative. If this condition is not met, then during the installation process, problems may arise due to the poor connection of the individual elements to each other. In order for this incident not to occur, as well as for the possibility of using imitation of the beam simultaneously with other trimmed elements of wood, in the production process are guided by GOST 24454-80, according to which:
board width must be in the range from 110 to 190 mm;
the thickness of the board may be 18, 20, 22, 28 and 34 mm;
board length - 3 and 6 m.
The weight of the panels is calculated based on the weight of a square meter of dry product, which is 11 kg.
Basic dimensions and design of the board imitation beam
The choice of the size of the elements imitating the beam depends on the type of finish - internal and external. If imitation of a bar is used for exterior decoration of a house, then wider boards are most often used, and their length should be such that ultimately the smallest number of joints will form on the surface. This is necessary not only for aesthetic reasons to create a surface completely imitating the construction of timber, but also from a practical point of view. Joints are the weakest point of the lining, because during operation they can get moisture and dirt, which will lead to their rapid destruction.
Wall decoration with a wide board
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the connection timber in a warm corner.
Narrow Board Wall Decoration
By and large, the choice of size depends on taste preferences - the main thing is that the board has a quality lock .
Imitation of timber with a thickness not less than 25-30 mm in thickness and 150 mm in width is most often used for exterior decoration of buildings and structures. This provides the possibility of creating a complete resemblance of the lined surface with the structure made of timber. If with such finishing to use boards with a smaller thickness, then to achieve such an effect will not work, and the building will look as if it is sheathed with clapboard, the cost of which is several times less. Thus, the feasibility of this use will be minimized.
The length of the beam imitation must be such that one element is enough for the entire length of the building. If the building is very long and 6 meters is not enough, then the joints should be closed with a special strip, which is selected by color or painted into it in accordance with the color of the walls of the house. It should not be forgotten that the longer, thicker and wider the board, the harder it is to mount it. If this work is performed by specialists, the installation is carried out by two or more people, thus avoiding difficulties in performing this type of work. Most often imitation of a bar 35 mm thick and 190 mm wide is used for exterior decoration.
The imitation of a bar for exterior decoration is in no way inferior to the original aesthetically
For interior decoration of the premises to use a thick board imitating timber is not recommended, at least for small rooms, as this will visually reduce the room even more. The maximum width in this case can reach 110 mm, and the thickness is 22 mm. The length of the boards is selected based on the size of the room and the direction of mounting elements, which can be both horizontal and vertical. Most often for these purposes use boards, the length of which does not exceed 3 meters.
What does an imitation of a bar look like in interior decoration, see the following video:
Another reason to think about sizes is for a spacious room, the thickness of the board for interior decoration does not play a big role, but here you need to focus on the issue of saving Options may vary significantly. The reason for this is not only the packing volume, but also the parameters of the boards, as well as their grade:
"Extra" , is made of wood, as part of which vices as minor cracks on the ends, resin pockets, with dimensions not exceeding 2 cm in diameter and one point. The cost of imitation timber of this class is the highest. Most often, this material is used for interior or exterior decoration, as well as for the installation of eaves and truss systems;
A / AB ", made of wood with large the number of defects described above, as well as the presence of knots. At the same time, external damage should be no more than 10% of the total surface of the element;
"Sun" , here defects such as cracks, knots and rot are allowed on the surface of the boards . Damage can occupy 70% of the surface of the board. This material is the cheapest, but at the same time its use is largely reflected in the appearance of the finished surface.
Differences between classes of boards
Features of fastening
In order to finish with using imitation of the beam allowed to create a perfectly smooth surface coating, it is necessary to choose the right fastening elements. In this case, a special kind of it is used - clamps.They make it possible to fix the boards securely, and thus are not visible, since during installation they are closed with each subsequent panel. Dimensions of clamps are determined based on the width and thickness of the boards. The larger these parameters, the larger the size of the claimer. Klyaymery can be purchased in separate packages of 100 or 200 pcs. where they are supplied with the screws and nails required for fastening to the wall.
In the following video, see how you can solve the problem of drying the boards and the appearance of gaps between them after several years of operation:
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the features of building houses according to technology.
Using the imitation of a bar allows you to quickly and accurately perform both the exterior and interior of the house and at the same time get a result that is not inferior in appearance to that obtained by using a natural bar. The main thing is to choose boards of the required class and size, as well as choose the right type of fasteners.