Anyone who reads the proposed material to the end can understand what a classical English garden is, what features this style has, and on what bases its manual embodiment should be built. The article describes in detail the ten main elements of the direction, published photos and videos of finished works, looking at which you can draw inspiration.
The look of a traditional English-style garden, for many it continues to be a model landscape art. The described direction was formed to create an alternative to a regular French park. At the end of the eighteenth century, a geometrically correct layout, with pronounced symmetry with straight avenues, axes, parterres and ponds, became boring to many. It was impossible to distract from the topic of classicism at that time, his ideal paintings were in vogue. But society was tired of the effect of absolute human control over nature, so the idea of creating a park appeared, which externally looked like a man-made natural continuation of the surrounding landscape.
The creators of such creations were looking for a balance between interfering with nature and its unbridled temperament. Therefore, the principle of the element of unpredictability was put in the basis of the new trend. Walking through such a park, the man did not know what awaits him around the bend. For the realization of such aspirations, various pictorial elements were used (small bridges, pavilions, fountains, flowerpots, pyramids, decorative structures stylized as ruins).
Gardens in the described style have an amazing sense of proportion, they look noble, picturesque. Their aesthetics have high functionality. The principles of its construction are considered unshakable. They can be used by anyone who wants to create a small green corner in the style of old England in his country house. To do this, you must adhere to the following rules.
The English garden in landscape design is an object with a clearly planned structure . Its basis is walking zones, the routes of which make it possible to observe the change of decorative objects. Their set is strictly limited. The following are generally accepted:
large green lawn ;
front garden ;
an open light arbor in the form of a pavilion;
a garden created from fruit or ornamental trees;
picturesque pond .
All these zones are divided among themselves by walls made of stone, resembling ancient ruins, or immaculately trimmed green fences. To arrange the listed objects, it is necessary to observe strictly delineated frames.
The space between the decorative inlays is combined with routes designed for walking. They are formed by paved paths or soft gravel paths. Along them you can break flower beds, make discounts. You can complicate the task and put them inside green green mazes. The business card for landscape design in the style of an English park is one-sided or two-way mixborders.
Despite the fact that the natural beauty of nature is of paramount importance, the described garden can be called conditionally as close to natural forms as possible. In his incarnation the experienced hand of the gardener is always felt with a capital letter. Therefore, in the overall picture there are clipped fences, well-mowed lawns. Free landscape landings fill in the empty zones that remain after the designation of the main accents (walking lanes, architectural elements, green labyrinths).
A garden in England doesn’t imitate primitive nature, but a pastoral picture dominated by a fabulous atmosphere. Branched thickets, and overgrown shrubs - not for the described object. It has space only ideally trimmed corners. All accents used should emphasize aristocratic luxury and resemble the externally colorful postcard prepared for an art exhibition.
Classics in the classics - that is landscape design in English. If shrubs are needed, then boxwood should act as them. If you need to plant trees, it is better to use maples, catalps or wild apple trees. As partners to them are chosen pets Kotovnik, geyhery and delphiniums. The lower tier is made most often with the help of lavender and veronica. Luciferous plants (tulips, muscari and daffodils) look good in such magnificence. For several centuries in a row, this combination has not gone out of fashion. All together, they do not look boring.
Each designated plant has its own bright personality. If you can pick them up taking into account shapes, sizes and colors, you can accurately recreate the style of the English aristocrat.
The color of lush green always dominates the gardens of England. Without a lush lawn can not do. It combines the overall composition, serves as its main background, fills the resulting bald spots and balances the flower beds. Without the use of such a technique can not achieve natural harmony and create the splendor of charm.
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If there is a desire to organize something like this on your backyard plot, you must make strict lawns, create a border of greenery around reservoirs, tie up or ridges and form routes for walks. The lawn should be a backdrop for admiring all that is in landscape gardening.
Despite the fact that the English style in landscape design implies the creation of equally significant zones, the basis of the success of the general idea is that the choice of plants should be carried out in a strictly individual way . The owner is obliged to know everything about each of them: the nuances of planting, care, breeding.
You cannot save time on this issue. Therefore, it is advisable to create a separate journal and compile catalogs in it, describe the stages of work for each specific type, build watering and feeding schedules, tillage, weeding and resettlement. We'll have to shine the garden itself and constantly care for him, like a little child. It is important to do this thoroughly, using a scientific approach, to constantly study the experience of other gardeners and communicate with them in forums. This approach will make it easy to adjust existing ensembles.
Harmony in coloristics is another basic principle. The ability to achieve it, and then keep the garden in the required form at any time of the year is a task for professionals. Nothing is difficult in this, if you know how to build a color scheme. Here you need to act as a skilled artist: take a basic basis and, starting from it, skillfully use different shades.
The described garden does not have faded colors, contrasts or dull half tones. Aristocratic landscapes are those in which a calm green palette dominates, for every colorful element there is a counterweight, and each light color is adjacent to a dark, deep, deep tone. In drawing up the scale, you need to apply a combination of shades that are next to each other. For example, it is good to mix purple with lilac, yellow with orange, blue with blue.
The video shows how well the designer arranged the bright colors in the English garden:
When choosing plants for a flower garden, you should prefer the traditional pure shades . If you need a pink color, let it be a candy color, if it is purple, then let it be perfect purple. In short, you need to use old-fashioned combinations. Then it will be possible to realize the frequency of the plan, which is so characteristic of England.
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You will be able to admire the estate all year round if you select plants with regard to the seasonality of their flowering. For spring, summer and autumn, there are suitable cultures that are able to determine the overall look of a flowering garden and form a single ensemble.
Each season has its own “stars”. Spring is tulips. Summer has roses. It is necessary to make one group flowering and the other just starting to bloom. In this way, a feeling of constancy is formed, respect for nature itself is emphasized, its beauty and its possible metamorphoses are displayed.
There are plants in floristics that are associated with some style of landscape design. The rose is identified with the garden in the described direction. It fits in perfectly with the overall concept, emphasizes its aristocracy. Of course, there is no need to use English roses when creating a common picture. They get along badly in our cold climate. You can plant any adapted spray roses that can boast endurance and strong aroma.Well work in the gardens of modern varieties of wild rose. With it, it is easy to create a hedge. But the effect of fabulous waterfalls is best formed using ground-covering roses.
Arches and pergolas twined with climbing varieties look great in the garden. They help create a luxurious backdrop for the benches. Bush plants easily become the main soloists in flower beds and rabatkah. For these purposes, experts recommend choosing tea hybrids and floribund.
Any flowering plantings should look perfect, so all functional areas must be filled with dozens of plants. Lush thickets are created using color combinations according to their height. It is important to achieve such an effect that the person examining the flower bed does not see empty ground at its base, and the flower bed itself has the correct shape. Strictly smooth increase in height, starting from the foreground, ending with the background, from the middle to the periphery is the main principle of the formation of the garden. Inside mixborders should not be empty bald spots. Their presence is considered bad form.
The total internal space is built in steps: from low to higher. Sometimes this rule is broken. Designers specially planted undersized soloists against the backdrop of large giants, if you want to create the effect of a living sculpture. So, in the middle of a green lawn, a small rose, a yew pyramid or a shorn ball of boxwood may appear.
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Skillful selection of accessories will allow you to put the final touches. It is allowed to use only those decorations that are capable of claiming the title of a work of art and transmit the created mood.
You can not do without classical sculpture. You can put a statue or a small fountain right in the flower garden. Looks good at the intersection of flower beds stone bird feeder. A cleverly hidden bench, animal figures, properly created lighting - everything should work to create a single image.
All buildings must be made of brick, the paths are made of cobblestones or limestone. For the decor, you can use a fence woven from wicker. It is necessary to use the same materials when finishing the facade of the house and other elements of the garden. This gives the whole composition the effect of integrity.
The English are characterized by thrift. They preserve antiques and use them for other purposes. An old rusty wheelbarrow may appear in the garden, in which petunias are planted tightly.
The video shows how the Museum of the English Garden was created in London, where a purely English landscape design is presented:
In English parks you can find small fountains, small fountains, well-groomed ponds. All of them have high decorative functions, while they can be used for watering plants.
The solution of such elements requires serious material investments. The dimensions of the reservoirs should be impressive, the banks are high, the plants are planted with large large groups.
A garden in the spirit of good old England should be surrounded by great love. This style is best for those who like to mess with plants: cut roses, cut green lawns. Everything needs meticulous care, you will have to invest your soul in everything. Therefore, such a creation will not work for lazy people. Even one neglected bush, wilted bud, dry escape will immediately destroy the splendor created by the hands. And already about weeds and speech cannot be. So meticulous care is another principle for creating English design.
See the following video of English gardens from a famous landscape designer from England:
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The garden in the English style is an artistic work. This direction is very popular. But in order for his magnificence to please the eye throughout all four seasons, special careful care and a scientific approach to the formation of groups of plants is needed. Inside such an object, everything is built up in the correct geometry, but it is visible only from a great height. Inside, everything is mysterious and concise. For each turn a new surprise in the form of an antique sculpture near a waterfall or a wicker bench hidden in a well-groomed flower garden. All these objects are interconnected by paved paths.