Today construction has advanced, using new technologies and modern materials. One of these is a ceramic block - a high-tech material made by firing clay. It is an excellent alternative to bricks, showing unique properties and high quality. The ceramic block several times exceeds the brick in strength, service life, and also has good thermal insulation properties. Next, we will talk about what constitutes a ceramic block, what are the pros and cons, what are the features of its use in construction.
Ceramics are products obtained by firing clay. Such processing of clay raw materials makes it possible to manufacture not only dishes, but also such building material as bricks or ceramic blocks.
The production technology of keramoblocks is similar to the manufacture of bricks, but it requires the latest equipment. The main production material, as already mentioned, is clay. In order to reduce the density and improve the quality of ceramic blocks, special additives are additionally used - porizers, which can be processed sawdust, rice husks, peat, straw.
Porizers in the composition of ceramics may account for up to 50% of the total volume of raw materials prepared for production. Depending on the volume of such additives, the heat-engineering properties increase, however, the strength indicators of ceramic blocks decrease.
Ceramoblocks of various sizes.
The entire production process in the manufacture of ceramic blocks consists of several stages:
Sometimes the finished blocks are polished, it is necessary when using such walling technology as seamless masonry. It also happens that the voids are packed with basalt fiber or other material, this allows you to avoid the flow of adhesive in them during construction.
Important! At the slightest violation of the production technology, the strength characteristics of ceramic blocks are reduced, therefore, it is necessary to acquire material from reliable manufacturers and only with all necessary quality certificates.
Keramoblock house without exterior finish
The main feature of ceramic blocks is hollow porous structure , which is obtained as a result of burning out of additives during roasting. Technical specifications are directly dependent on the size of the blocks, as well as on the composition of the raw materials used for their manufacture. It is these indicators that influence the design features of the building for which the ceramic block was used. The dimensions of a unit of material may be different, and the properties vary accordingly depending on this indicator.
Main characteristics of ceramic blocks:
| Size (mm) ||Weight (kg)|| Mark |
| Mark |
| Indicator |
|120/500/219|| 11.5 || M100-150 ||F50||14|
|250/380/219|| 17 || M100-150 || F50 ||14|
| 380/250/219 || 17 || M100 ||F50||14|
| 510/250/219 || 22 || M100 || F50 ||20|
| 250/120/140 || 3.9 || М125-150 || F50 ||14|
The original ceramic block house .
Building houses from ceramic blocks is popular today due to the following advantages :
Like any building material, blocks of baked clay have disadvantages :
The indicated pros and cons of ceramic blocks will help determine the choice of material for the construction of a country house.
Keramoblock house under construction.
Having decided to build a house on a suburban site, there is always the question of choosing a material. Recently, brick was considered one of the best materials, but now it has been replaced by a modern high-tech ceramic block.
Construction of ceramic blocks is divided into several stages:
After preparing the site, carrying out the preparatory work on it and developing the plan, you can begin to build a house from ceramic blocks or a cottage.
A ceramic block house does not require a strong reinforced foundation, since the material has a low weight.
After the foundation is ready, it is necessary to install waterproofing, since porous blocks absorb water well. Its role can be played by a special moisture-proof material based on bitumen (roofing felt), produced in rolls. Joints should be overlapped, not less than 10 cm.
Ready-made house of ceramic blocks.
Compliance with the technology of building walls for a house of porous ceramic blocks gives a guarantee of obtaining an excellent result, having a uniform texture, the absence of cold bridges, and deformations that affect the finished comfort housing.
Preparation for laying walls includes the following nuances:
Ceramoblocks, in the process of building walls, have their own styling features :
Cottage of ceramic blocks with brick trim.
To protect the walls of a ceramic block building from environmental influences, additional external decoration of the building will be required. Houses made of ceramic blocks make it possible to realize any idea in the design of the facade:
Ceramic blocks are sold individually. Therefore, before buying you need to calculate the right amount, focusing on the plan of the house.
The average cost of a ceramic block is about 110 rubles per piece. Approximately 40 pieces per cubic meter.
Summing up, it is worth noting that the ceramic block has positive reviews on quality, the whole hitch lies in a fairly high price. But taking into account all its properties, this material wins and therefore gains popularity in construction.
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