People living in the cement urban jungle often want to build their own house, which would be free from the disadvantages of urban dwellings. The task is not easy, but there is a solution. This is the construction of a house of arbolita. The name of the material is unfamiliar to many, although it was developed and standardized in the 1960s. At that time, 100 arbolite plants were built in the USSR, and the material was quite popular. Wood concrete is a kind of lightweight concrete, which consists of 90% of wood chips, as well as high-grade cement and hardener - calcium chloride.
Consider the issues that most often occur to people in the process of choosing technology of building a house of wood concrete, as well as answers that owners of houses built of wood concrete have already received.
It consists of 90% of wood and does not burn
Arbolit consists of 90% of wood and at the same time does not support combustion and does not smolder, as a layer of cement covers the chips.
Low thermal conductivity
The house of wood concrete is very warm. This will save on heating. On heat conductivity loses only to the house constructed of a tree.
The speed of construction of the house
Since the arbolit blocks have large sizes, they fit much faster, for example, brick.
No need to wait for shrinkage
Arbolit blocks are easily sawn, chopped, since the blocks are large - 300 * 200 * 500 mm. The house can be built "in one go."
Allows you to save on the foundation
Arbolite blocks are light, which makes it possible to save on the foundation - both in material and and in temporal terms.
The house does not require forced ventilation
The house, built of wood concrete, has a good air exchange, it “breathes” almost like a wooden house. So, does not require additional costs for the installation of ventilation and its operation. Indoors of arbolitovy blocks never damp, because arbolit absorbs moisture well and gives it away just as well.
All the components that make up arbolite are environmentally friendly materials: wood, cement, chloride calcium (a chemical additive that is used in the food industry).
Or, in other words, good adhesion, allows you to plaster walls of wood concrete without laying an extra mesh.
No additional sound insulation is required
Just do not forget that GOST requires plastering arbolit on both sides - after that You can test the sound insulation.
Most often people think that it is impossible to build a two- or even a three-story house out of wood concrete. However, it should be noted that arbolit completely allows you to build such houses.
The main reason is that the wood concrete is a fairly durable material which is similar in density to foam concrete, and even exceeds the density of aerated concrete and some types of wood (for example, spruce).
Walls of wood concrete will not keep kitchen cabinets
, it is easy to drive nails into them, to screw in screws for example. Walls withstand heavy kitchen cabinets.
The block absorbs a lot of moisture
This is true. Here, manufacturers simply limit the use of arbolita. So, it is not recommended to use arbolit in contact with the ground, for example, as a foundation. In order to reduce the moisture absorption of walls built from wood concrete, they must be protected from the external environment. The best way in this case is to plaster the house. It protects the house and allows the walls to breathe.
The same should be remembered if, for example, a bath is made of wood concrete - the pros and cons of the material should be considered taking into account the high humidity of the steam room. Simply put - need the appropriate finish.
The house shrinks
According to GOST, 0.4% shrinkage is allowed for arbolit houses gas blocks - from 0.6 to 1.5%). Moreover, even if shrinkage occurs, the walls do not burst, since the plates of arbolita do not burst, but contract. This is due to the fact that the plate is made of wood chips, which gives a slight elasticity arbolitovoy plate.
It should also be borne in mind that in order for the house not to warp and bend, according to technology, it is necessary to lay unloading armored belts into the walls.
A lot of marriage
If only arbolitovy blocks were bought from unclean manufacturers. If the block is made without complying with GOST, then instead of chips in the wood concrete slab, you can find bark, as well as unwound knots of the tree. It is precisely with such unfortunate manufacturers that the geometry of the block itself often “walks”. And due to this, it is necessary to increase the thickness of the seams of the masonry.
The block is outwardly unattractive / has non-ideal geometry
This is not the biggest drawback. Moreover, the house will be plastered and the blocks will not be visible. It is more important to buy arbolit from proven manufacturers.
You can see clearly about arbolit blocks in the following video:
We add that every tenth visitor ( 12%) is interested in real examples of the construction of the house of arbolitovyh blocks. At the exhibition "Low-Rise Country" ready-made houses in real size, built of wood concrete, offer the company SK Lesdrevprom, " Eco-House ".
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