For several centuries, a gazebo has been the most common element of the garden. This light, elegant design often plays a key role in the organization of the backyard landscape. It is designed in the same style with the house, using suitable materials.
After construction, the gazebo quickly turns into a favorite resting place for all family members. It serves as a protection against rain and scorching sunlight, while allowing you to comfortably talk, read, drink tea or retire for thought. The roof for the gazebo is not only a functional detail; it defines the overall appearance of the building. Choosing a roof for it, take into account the style of the arbor, its configuration and material. In our article we propose to consider what to roof the gazebo inexpensively.
Romantic gazebo with outdoor furniture is a great place to meet friends
All variety of arbors can be divided into several groups. They differ:
By design. Open gazebos - the most common option, constructed in most cases of wood. Closed gazebos are characterized by solid walls, glazed openings, a door and sometimes a stove (fireplace). Live gazebos attract romantic persons; they are formed by a frame framed by climbing plants or specially trimmed plants. Popularity is gaining a large barbeque; their essential attribute is a fireplace or a brazier.
According to the shape of the base. There are gazebos with a round (rotunda), square (rectangular), oval or multi-faceted base.
By the method of erection. Gazebos can be built with and without foundation; There are portable varieties (wedding).
By material. The choice of material is unlimited. Thinking about how to cover the arbor in the country, more often consider materials such as wood, stone, metal, plastic. You can find a gazebo, wicker of wicker or artificial rattan.
Metal arbor decorated with climbing plants
By style. Classical variations are the ancient Greek, Roman and Renaissance style. Arbors in Russian or Chinese style, arbors of a chalet and a country are widespread.
In accordance with the shape and style, the roof of the gazebo can be of the form:
Shedless. Such a roof is mounted on four-wall structures. Multilevel opposite walls serve as the basis for a ramp truss system; slope facing windward side.
Two-pitched. Ideal for a rectangular pergola. Depending on the project, the truss system will be on the slope (the rafters have an intermediate point of support in the middle part) or hanging (it does not have intermediate supports).
Four-Rolled. 4 triangles converging at one point can serve as slopes. If the construction consists of 2 triangles and 2 trapezoids, it is called hip. The base of the four-slope roof is a rectangle, the rafters on which are laid in a slant or on the slope way.
Openwork wooden arbor - a classic decoration of the garden
Hip. A favorite option in private construction, consisting of 5 or more triangular elements, held together by one vertex. The rafter system is similar to that used for hip roofs. Tent option is suitable for round and polygonal arbors.
Exotic. There are roofs in the colorful Oriental style: Chinese or Japanese (multi-tiered, with curved edges). Gazebos are decorated with a domed, round and bell-shaped roof; assemble multilevel and asymmetric structures.
The shape of the roof is a matter of the owner's taste, but the choice must be based on some prerequisites.
The purpose of the roof system is to determine the shape of the roof and withstand the weight of the roof. The rafters account for most of the pressure that is redistributed further to the support pillars. Part of the load takes crate.
When designing a truss system (cross-section, length and distance between the rafters, the method of their location) take into account:
The shape of the roof (angle).
The weight of the roof.
Truss system of the roof for a six-sided bower
On our site you can familiarize yourself with the most popular arbor projects from construction companies represented at the Low-rise Country house exhibition.
When choosing how to roof the gazebos, consider:
Weight. Lightweight material will not require reinforcement of the truss system.If, for some reason, heavy material is chosen (you really like natural tile), be prepared for the fact that you will need a massive supporting structure, and even the foundation.
The shape of the roof. For pitched roofs more often choose sheet material: metal tile, profiled sheet and slate. Hip and tent structures made of such materials will be costly (installation time and waste are increased). For them, suitable soft roof (shingles).
Location. If the construction of a wooden gazebo is planned near open water, the wood must be protected from the harmful effects of moisture. The design is treated with oil-based impregnation; The procedure is periodically repeated.
Security. Arbors with a brazier have at a sufficient distance from the house. In construction, it is preferable to use non-combustible materials: concrete or tile for the floor, tiles and slate for the roof.
Round combined bbq
Style. The architectural appearance of the gazebo and the surrounding buildings should be combined. A graceful Chinese gazebo with a tiled roof will seem like an alien detail next to a sauna bar.
Climate. The amount of precipitation in winter or constant strong winds are the determining factor in choosing the angle of the roof. In the first case, it is increased (so that the snow does not linger on the surface), in the second - it is made small (to avoid sailing).
In order for the structure to be attractive in appearance and durable, the material for the roof is selected as closely as possible to the shape of the roof. There are many different ideas than to roof the gazebo in the country, the options that are most common are described below.
Favorite options due to low weight, durability, affordable price, wide color palette and simple installation. Strengthening the structure is not required, but you will need a soundproofing layer (if you like to meditate to the sounds of rain in the gazebo). The disadvantages are a large amount of waste (when installing a complex-shaped roof) and the risk of metal corrosion.
Aerial polycarbonate construction
On our site you can find the contacts of construction companies that offer the service small form design. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
The plasticity of a modern building material of various shades allows you to create interesting roof shapes. The advantages of polycarbonate are:
low weight and price;
lightweight and fast installation;
flexibility and strength.
Polycarbonate has limitations in use:
without a protective film, the material is destroyed by ultraviolet radiation;
polycarbonate roof - poor sun protection, it can be practical in a shady garden.
Glass fiber serves as the reinforcing base of the material; it is impregnated with bitumen and coated in the form of basalt spraying. Shingles look like a collection of small elements laid overlapped. Material is available in various colors and shapes (beaver tail, dragon tooth, hexagon, rhombus, rectangle). The flexible tile is practical for many reasons:
The best option for roofs of complex shapes (easy installation and little waste).
Non-corrosive; with proper installation, the roof is sealed.
Long service life (25-30 years) and low weight.
Due to its softness, it has excellent sound absorption.
Opens room for design.
Wooden arbor with soft tile roof
Roof for arbor from soft tile has drawbacks:
Instead of the batten, under the roof of bitumen tiles, solid flooring made of moisture-resistant plywood is arranged, which increases the cost of construction.
The use of bitumen makes it a high-combustible material.
Burns under the sun.
For the price, the material is in the middle price category (more expensive than metal tile, but cheaper than ceramic tile).
About the arbor from the drawing to the roof in the video:
The material is produced by the same method as shingles; produced in the form of sheets of different colors and profiles. Ondulin is similar to the tile on a set of properties - the same flexible, soft and combustible; It requires the arrangement of crates in increments of at least 0.6 m.Ondulin is lighter than tile, it is designed for a shorter service life and costs 2 times less. Professionally mounted ondulinovaya roof on the gazebo does not leak.
Slate is perhaps the most common material in the post-Soviet space. He is loved for strength, durability and reasonable price. If you plan a gazebo-barbecue, slate will be the best choice for the roof. The minus of the material is its fragility and weight; it will significantly complicate the installation of complex roofing.
Roof of environmentally friendly ceramic tiles
It might be interesting! In article on the following link read about the construction of the roof.
Natural (ceramic, baked clay) and cement-sand tiles are on sale. Ceramic tile is considered a premium roofing material. In many ways, this is an optimal roofing material with many advantages:
Durability, cold resistance and durability.
Impeccable appearance. Tiles are made in natural form, covered with glaze (vitreous mass with protective properties) or engobe (color-forming coating)
Use for the installation of complex roofing.
Disadvantages of natural tile:
The material is considered to be an indicator of prosperity and refined taste; the price is appropriate.
Installation of the roof is carried out manually and requires time and certain accuracy.
The tile weight must be compensated for by strengthening the truss system (install the rafters with a smaller pitch).
The gable roof under wooden tiles (shingles)
There is a group of materials that are less commonly used for roofing:
Straw, reed and reed. Eco-style is a popular trend in landscape design; a roof made of natural materials will give a cozy look to the gazebo, despite their increased flammability (flame retardant treatment - poor protection).
Hont. Environmentally friendly material, shingles (wooden planks). It looks original, but is difficult to install.
Fabric (awning or PVC). It is used for summer portable structures.
Roofing copper. Copper is a plastic material, which is used to create roofs of the most unusual form. Copper roof has a long life and high price.
About the construction of the gazebo on video:
A rectangular or square-shaped arbor is the classic, most common option; the building is stable, it is convenient to place furniture in it (the area is distributed economically). Most often, this gazebo is a frame of wooden beams on a column base. The four-slope roof gives it architectural completeness, elegant and solemn look.
Installation of the truss system of the four-slope roof
There are several types of roofs with four slopes used for the gazebo: hip, poluvalmovaya (Danish), hip and Chinese. The installation of a four-sided roof involves several steps:
Design. In order to manufacture the construction scheme, determine the angle of inclination of the roof, based on the climatic conditions of the region and the selected roofing material. Then set the length of the overhang of the roof (its length from the highest point to the bottom).
Materials. Based on the scheme, the required amount of roofing and roof material is calculated.
Protection. Choosing options for how to make a roof near the gazebo, rafters, in any case, strengthen water repellent. To maximize the life of the roof, all wooden elements are treated with antiseptics and flame retardants.
Installation. The frame of the truss system is assembled. Subrafter bars are laid (with control by the construction level), supporting bars; additional connections are created using rafters.
Installation of the batten. Lathing rafter; under the soft roof (flexible tile) is made continuous crate.
Waterproofing is installed.
Roofing. The rafter system is sheathed with roofing material.
The original gazebo with a hipped roof under a soft roof
This exotic version requires the development of a special project. The non-standard arrangement of beams and rafters unfolds the edges of the roof to the sky, making the arbor the center of garden design and justifying the complexity of installation.
The classic design of the Chinese hitherto roof
It might be interesting! The article on the following link read about a gazebo with a lean-to roof.
Regardless of the selected roof and material, installation work must be carried out in compliance with building codes. A technically properly designed arbor and roof scheme will allow to build a reliable and beautiful structure, giving protection and peace to all who need them.