The speed of construction and relatively low cost are one of the main advantages of the technology of building a frame house. In addition, the light and durable design of the frame house provides an opportunity to implement various design solutions. All these factors make the "skeleton" popular in the suburban real estate market.
The frame is the basis of such a house. The structure consists of vertical posts and horizontal strapping. After the pre-foundation is poured in, a frame is installed and sheathed. In other cases, ready-made wall panels are used to build the house. Then they are engaged in insulation, waterproofing.
At the beginning of construction, it is necessary to present the purpose of the building under construction: for temporary residence in the summer season or for permanent use of housing.
Like all houses, frame construction objects have their own positive and negative distinctive features. Thanks to the improvement of the technology of frame construction there is an increase in the quality and reliability of these houses. The positive features of frame housing construction are:
The house is warm . A small thickness of the wall is able to keep a warm climate in the room, which is confirmed not only by builders, but also by residents.
Construction speed and no need to use heavy machinery. With a professional team the construction process will take several weeks.
Cost effective maintenance . Due to the ability of such houses to retain heat in the room, less will be the cost of heating the building. The heat in the room can be stored for a long enough period. The comfortable temperature will remain in the summer heat, because a room cooled by air conditioning will remain so for a long time.
Low construction cost . The low price of wood and frame construction technology allow people to build housing for themselves with an average income.
A variety of architecture options . The lightweight wooden house may have balconies, terraces, verandas. Other design ideas can be realized at a lower financial cost than brick, stone buildings.
The possibility of building construction at any time of the year .
Negative features should also be paid attention to in order to correct them further:
Insufficient sound insulation . This problem is solved with the help of sound insulation materials.
Flammable materials . It is impossible to call wood fire-resistant, which is why all kinds of fire-retarding agents are used to impregnate wood or they are applied to the surface as part of paint to increase fire resistance.
Short use . To a greater extent, this refers to the insulation outside, but it will need to be replaced after three decades.
The tree is rotting . This deficiency can manifest itself in the bad faith of manufacturers of building materials or builders.
The defeat of a tree by a fungus . This is especially evident in high humidity. Additional ventilation, airing, treatment with antiseptic materials can prevent this.
Probability of insufficient environmental performance . Exceptionally wooden construction is without a doubt ecological. The frame object is not completely wooden, it includes insulation, glue, other materials. A construction company that respects itself and the client will always provide you with quality certificates for the materials used.
Rodents, insects . Processing materials helps prevent the spread of insects, and mice usually get where they can eat, regardless of the material from which the house is built.
On our site you can familiarize yourself with the most popular projects of frame houses from construction companies represented at the exhibition "Low-Rise Country".
Currently there are the following types of frame housing construction:
Frame with supporting columns . This method of housing construction involves the use of pillars with a round or square cross section. The most widely used in non-residential construction (warehouses, hangars).
This type of frame housing construction is inherent in the combination of pillar frames with a poured foundation. During the construction of a residential building, frame construction technology with bearing pillars almost eliminates.
With a load-bearing frame of boards . With the current frame house-building, the most popular is the option of edged boards. The increased demand for such technology is due to the low cost of materials, ease of storage and production.
This type of housing includes technologies of two options:
"Platform" is the most popular method of construction. This technology involves the following actions: piping on the foundation, the overlap platform of the first floor, frame construction (assembled in a horizontal position on the platform), vertical lifting and leveling of the frame walls, then interfloor overlap or roofing.
"Balun" - walls are built in a floor-by-floor sequence. Interfloor overlap is fixed on the frame racks. The walls are assembled in a vertical position. This method is less profitable, it requires the availability of higher-quality building materials (dry planed boards without axis deviations) and more workers.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of building frame houses. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Canadian technology . The construction of houses is carried out using ready-made multi-layer panels (with insulation), forming a warm strong wall, ready for installation. Insulation by spraying is applied to the sheets of OSB and clamped with another sheet on the reverse side.
German technology for the construction of frame houses . German frame housing technology involves the factory preparation of all the details of the project or plan in the form of ready-to-install kits. It remains only to assemble the building with the help of specialists, which is done very quickly.
Fakhverk . This is a traditional frame construction, which appeared several centuries ago. Over time, technology is only being improved, building materials are changing. Going frame construction, insulated, insulation works are performed.
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the draft floor in the frame house.
For a tour of the production of frame houses, see the following video:
At the beginning of laying the foundation it is necessary to be confident in the correctness of the work in order to ensure the structure with durability and reliability in future use. For the selection of a suitable foundation in accordance with the weight of the structure and geological features of the area there are the following options:
Pile-screw foundation - has small requirements for soil and terrain (lay on slope, on the ground with silt or peat). Piles withstand a two-story frame structure. The most economical in time and cost.
The monolithic slab is the most expensive foundation and represents the overlap of the first floor of the building. There is a danger that due to the inclination of the slab, the house may also be squinted, therefore, studies are being conducted on the terrain.
The strip foundation is an ideal choice for dense soil and shallow soil freezing. Used in one-story construction, gives a uniform draft, a very reliable option, but with high material costs and labor-intensive.
For a comfortable stay, it is necessary to maintain an optimal temperature regime at any time of the year. Thermal insulation of walls can protect from winter frost and summer heat.
Warming in a house using frame technology involves laying insulation material between frame racks.
Heaters have the following types:
Mineral wool - the most common insulation, is a plate or roll, has excellent noise and heat insulation. It is highly toxic, unstable to moisture, which requires additional waterproofing.
Ecowool is of natural origin and consists of crushed newsprint impregnated with salts of boric acid. It has no toxicity, it is quickly fixed, but the installation requires the presence of a specialist.
Polyfoam - has light weight and low cost. Does not absorb moisture, so there is no need for additional moisture protection. Low quality sound insulation, burning causes the release of toxins.
Polyurethane is a liquid-type material sprayed on the surface. Then the foam hardens and provides good thermal insulation. Non-flammable and toxic. The most expensive option.
Water vapor entering the insulation material causes deterioration of the insulating qualities of the wall. To prevent this, install a vapor barrier. The vapor barrier used has a multi-layer porous structure that allows air to circulate through the wall.
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about frame house 6 to 4.
Exterior cladding is not only the front of the building, but also protective measures from the effects of weather conditions. Finishing is performed using these materials:
Siding is available, durable, attractive in appearance, provides protection against precipitation. There are many types of this material (steel, wood, cement).
Decorative stone or brick - gives a stone look to the building. A variety of colors open up opportunities for the manifestation of various design ideas. The design is quite heavy and expensive.
Block-house - perfectly combines quality and cost savings and provides protection against bad weather.
To determine the ecological compatibility, you need to know what the frame houses are built from. The frame is made of wood, the shields of frame-shield houses of the same material.
See the video about the environmental friendliness of a frame house:
A poor environmental friendliness of a house built of wood can only be achieved if the technology is not followed than sin. ” gray construction crews:
Increased humidity causes rot and mold, so the wood must be sufficiently dried. When buying lumber without a quality certificate, it is difficult to ensure that the wood has dried well enough.
The use of antiseptics, fire-fighting compounds (flame retardants), adhesives can add toxicity. Therefore, here, too, it is necessary to require quality certificates, which indicate the composition of the solutions used.
In the West, during the construction of the company, all the conditions of this process are strictly observed. In our reality it does not always work.
In case of insufficient drying and incorrect application of the antiseptic, fungus and mold may appear.
Treatment with an antiseptic will be effective for no more than 15-20 years. For re-processing will have to disassemble the wall, and this is an extra cost of money and effort.
Based on the above, it can be assumed that the lifetime of a frame house will be around 30 years.
In more detail about what the cost of a frame house is made of, see the following video:
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link, read about how the frame house is built.
It is extremely important that all construction technologies and process features are strictly followed by professional construction companies.
After examining all the advantages and disadvantages of frame housebuilding, you can accept or reject this idea in order to eliminate disappointment in the future.