The design of private houses or cottages provides not only the internal layout and location of rooms. At this stage, the structural features of the structure itself are determined. The building can be with a basement, without a basement or with a basement floor, which is divided into aboveground and underground parts. The elevation of the basement floor is below the planning elevation of the land, while its height does not exceed 150-160 cm (approximately half of one floor). This type of building increases the useful meters of housing on an area equal to the area of the whole house. Therefore, in the presence of additional quadrature, there is no need to occupy the backyard territory. Ready-made projects of houses with a basement greatly simplify the selection of the optimal housing option in accordance with the developer's personal needs and with the geodetic characteristics of a particular plot.
If a project of a house is chosen where there is a basement floor, before the start of construction work, a set of measures for geodetic surveys is required. Studies of the terrain allow us to find out at what depth the aquifer is located. It is necessary to build such buildings only on the site where the groundwater is deposited at a considerable depth, otherwise the construction costs will increase significantly due to the creation of reliable waterproofing protection. The easiest way to order the construction of a typical house with a turnkey basement. Projects and prices are presented in catalogs on the sites of construction companies. All work - from geodetic surveys to finishing works - is performed by a company specializing in this type of service.
The construction of a residential building with a recessed part is justified by the appearance of the following advantages :
Useful space at home is unloaded from the sanitary and technical rooms, which are most conveniently placed on the basement floor.
The issue of floor insulation of the first floor is being solved.
Increases total the area of the building , including the living area.
Improved living conditions . Residential and technical premises are located under the same roof.
Costs are reduced . There is no need to build detached buildings that occupy the backyard territory.
There are no problems with laying communication networks .
It is also necessary to take into account some disadvantages :
Large the volume of earth and concrete works with the subsequent utilization or export of soil.
In most cases, you will need to use special equipment , especially if the buried foundation is erected from blocks and floor slabs. Renting a crane leads to higher construction costs.
Increased requirements for waterproofing the underground part of a residential building, blind area and drainage system.
Lack of sufficient street light and high power consumption due to artificial lighting.
When developing projects for cottages with a basement, experts offer options for using the premises. The floor below the main house is not intended for living, but you can place here:
Boiler room and communication networks.
Sauna or bath.
Billiard room and home cinema.
Additional kitchen and shower.
Storeroom and basement, where it is convenient to store various things and products. If the average annual temperature is from +12 to + 15 ° С, then such rooms can completely replace the wine cellar
The number and parameters of rooms depend on the total area of the basement floor.
It is rational to build a residential building with a basement on an elevated area. If the backyard area is small and there is no possibility to place other operated buildings - a garage, a workshop, a summer kitchen, a cellar, a shower.
It is not recommended to build a basement in areas where there is seasonal warming or close proximity of groundwater to the surface. In order for the structure to be fully serviceable, it will be necessary to create a complex drainage system, and the purchase of expensive equipment is not excluded.
The cost of a residential building with a basement directly depends on the following factors :
Terrain and type of soil on the site.
The overall complexity of the project.
On our site you can familiarize yourself with the most popular projects of houses from construction companies represented at the exhibition "Low-Rise Country".
Depths of aquifers.
The volume of excavation and concrete work.
Arrangement of drainage and ventilation systems to create an optimal microclimate in the basement.
Also, the total cost of the house is affected by the material from which it is being built. This may be a brick, expanded clay blocks, gazo- or foam blocks, a log or timber. And also, the price of a house with a turnkey basement, even if the model project will increase, if changes are made to it. A significant difference with the standard project in the direction of increase is observed in the case of individual design, which can be ordered in Moscow.
For the cost of building a basement, see the video:
Projects of residential country houses with the basement floor make up a separate category. Due to the numerous advantages, the popularity of such buildings is constantly growing. Developers are offered several options for such housing.
On our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service building houses. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
In order to save money and increase the total area of housing, many developers prefer one-storey buildings with a basement.
Different types of living rooms and technical rooms can be used in such buildings. During the construction of country cottages, a recessed foundation of reinforced construction is used. Basically, they are erected tape or monolithic type of base, which are distinguished by labor-intensive earth and concrete works. The cost of the foundation with basement is about 20% of the value of the entire building.
Rooms located on the lower level, can duplicate the location of the upper rooms or their layout and size are different. Due to the maximum recess in the ground, which is slightly more than half of one floor, the overall height of the building practically does not increase. A country house with a deep foundation and a high base looks neat and solid.
Modern facing materials are used for finishing the basement part - plaster, clinker, polymer sandstone, artificial stone, granite, vinyl siding with imitation under the "stone", "brick". This housing option is suitable for comfortable living as a small family of 2-3 people, and for large families. The total area ranges from 100 to 250 square meters. m.
It might be interesting! The article on the following link read about finishing the basement of a private house.
People who seek to surround themselves with additional amenities choose projects of one-story houses with a basement and a garage. When operating such a residential building increases the level of comfort. In order to get into the garage you do not need to go outside, except that the car is in a warm room, therefore it does not require warming up even in cold weather.
The most practical option is a house with a basement and an attached garage, over which there are no rooms. Such projects save construction materials, and do not occupy the territory of the garden plot.
The area of a residential building is possible increase due to the additional floor. The optimal budget option provides for the arrangement of not only the semi-basement premises, but also the attic zone. Developed ready-made designs of houses with a basement and attic are presented in a variety of ways.
Depending on the choice of architectural and structural solutions, the cost of the project varies in a wide range. The main difference between houses with an attic and basement floor from two-storey cottages is lower construction costs, which is very important for developers who have to save on materials.
In order for the stairs not to occupy the usable space, the best design option is chosen, which requires less space. Projects with a balcony on the first and / or attic floors look original. The useful area of such buildings is slightly inferior to cottages on 2 floors, ranging from 100 to 900 square meters. m.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the insulation of the basement of the foundation outside.
Projects of houses on the ground floor are in demand due to numerous advantages, from which it is possible to single out the increased amenities and comfort that are created under one roof. The presence of a basement room allows you to organize the space in the residential part of the building and most efficiently equip the technical area.