Pavement tiles are the ideal covering for tracks and grounds on the site. It is characterized by high wear resistance, a variety of range and excellent appearance. Tiled coating can last for many years without changing the technical and aesthetic characteristics. But you need to put it right. In this article we will talk about all the stages of laying paving slabs on the sand, including the choice of material, site preparation and the process of arrangement of the drosh and grounds.
According to the production technology, paving slabs are divided into vibro-molded and vibropressed . In the first embodiment, the production is that the liquid concrete solution is poured into molds, and then undergoes a procedure of prolonged vibration. After that, the formed tiles are dried. In the manufacture of vibropressed material, the solution is poured into a plastic form, which is compressed, and only then the process of vibrating begins.
Pavement tiles exist in a wide variety of shapes and colors. Each individual species has its own name. The most common options are
Garden layout, paths and cobbled entrances to the house must be carefully considered. The entrance should lead from the gate to the house and the place for the car - the garage or open parking. The ways in which the cars will drive in are planned to be rather wide and simple in configuration. They are laid with a minimum length, without unnecessary turns and bends. When arranging the car tracks, a thicker layer of rubble is laid and tiles of a thickness of 6 cm are used. The laying of paths begins with the designation of car races.
After the designation on the scheme of automobile ways, the place for sites is determined. First, you need to choose a place to park the car, and secondly, for the arrangement of a recreation area, if you plan to tile it.
Next, the lines of pedestrian paths are plotted on the scheme. They are functional and decorative. Functional connects the main buildings on the site, as well as the main areas (recreation area, playground, garden, garden). Functional tracks, too, should not be tortuous and complex.
Decorative paths are laid inside a particular zone and serve for walks and as an additional element of landscape design. Usually they are used for decoration of the garden, lawn or recreation area. May have multiple bends and minimum width. Decorative paths do not carry a large load, so they can serve for a long time without borders.
When designing a walkway, you need to take into account that all of them should have a slope of about 3% in width from the buildings. This is necessary for the removal of storm and melt water from the house and additional buildings.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer design services and landscape works Full construction. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
The preparatory process includes simple ground works that can be performed without involving special equipment.
Area alignment . The soil for laying should be leveled taking into account the planned bias. The technology of laying paving slabs on sand with cement involves the elimination of all irregularities, tree roots and stones.
Soil compacting . The ground under the tiles must be well compacted, otherwise there may be problems with the arrangement of sand and crushed stone. In addition, only a well-compacted soil will become a reliable primary, on which the tile will not sag, deform and crack.
Groove . The first rubble layer should be located slightly below ground level. But after laying all the layers and tiles, the coating should extend 3-4 centimeters above the ground.
Leveling and deepening is provided by removing the top layer of soil. You need to remove about 20 centimeters. This applies to pedestrian paths and playgrounds. Under the road access you need a recess of 30 cm.
After removing the desired thickness of the soil, you can proceed to tamping. To begin with, the ground is moistened with a hose with a sprinkler. After that, use a special tool.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about pebbles for landscape design.
Even before laying the tile, it is necessary to install limiters, namely curbs. For laying paving slabs on the rubble, this stage is not necessary, but it is advisable to do this, because without a limiter, the tile will eventually move or move to the sides.
For the curbs I dig along the already completed deepening of the trench. Their depth should be slightly greater than the depth of the main groove. At the bottom of the trenches fall asleep rubble, then sand. After that, curbs are set using the level.
To fix the borders, their lower part, located in the recess, is poured with concrete. After the solution hardens, all fixing elements are removed, the joints are sealed with mortar, and then the borders are covered with earth to the desired level.
Along the curb located on the slope side of the walkway, you can lay a drain for water. Drains can be located on both sides of the pavement.
Professional builders, the base prepared for tile is covered with geotextile . Then they fall asleep rubble, maintaining a bias. It is very important to understand what rubble is needed for laying paving slabs. This should be a material fraction from 20 to 40 mm. The embankment thickness should be 10-15 cm. The rubble layer must be shaped to fit the future site or path. So, besides that the path will have a small bias, it can be convex or just plain.
For greater reliability of the whole structure, a 3-5 cm layer of sand can be poured over the rubble cushion, and another layer of geotextiles with overlaps on the curbs can be laid on top. Thanks to this solution, the crushed stone cushion is isolated from the sand one.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about geotextiles for garden paths.
Above the second layer of geotextile, sand is filled with a layer of about 5 cm. Geotextile will not allow sand to seep into the rubble, which will exclude the possibility of tile subsidence. Sand can be used career or river.
To understand what kind of sand is needed for laying paving slabs, one should study the differences between these two almost identical materials. Career sand is heterogeneous, it includes sand grains of different sizes and impurities of different rocks. It is used for many types of construction work, as it has good adhesion (ability to adhere to other materials). However, river sand, which is more uniform and clean, is more suitable for laying paving slabs. He better passes water and is cheaper than a career.
Tiles can be laid on the prepared surface. Laying should be carried "away from you", that is, the master should be on the newly laid surface, and you should not get better on the prepared sand pad. Between the individual tiles when laying it is necessary to leave gaps of 2-3 mm. Special wedges are used to fix the gaps.
The laying procedure involves plunging a tile about half the thickness into the sand. The tile is laid in rows. After each row, you need to check the quality of the masonry and immediately eliminate the defects that arise. Move around the wall while working should be very careful not to dislodge the tiles until they are completely fixed.
To fix the tile and make the surface smooth, you need to seal it stitches. To this end, take the sand and mixed with cement powder. Lined masonry is filled up with this dry composition. After that, with the help of a brush, the mixture is spread over the laid track so that it fills all the seams.
Surplus the excess mixture and then moisten the masonry with water. When wet, the concrete will expand, and the masonry mixture will be fixed in the joints. After that struts (wedges) can be removed. Subsequently, the mixture in the seams will need to be periodically updated. This may be necessary, for example, after heavy rains.
The paving slabs laid on a sandy and crushed stone pillow give a respectable and complete look to the landscape design of the site. Due to the variety of tiles you can choose the right option for any architectural style of the house.
This technology is fairly simple and can be performed by workers with basic building skills. The whole process, including the preparation of the soil and all subsequent stages, up to the grouting, can be carried out in just a few days. After this, the walkways and platforms will last for a long time, since the paving slabs have a high resistance to abrasion.
If necessary, the tiled floor can be easily restored by replacing damaged elements. The relief of the material prevents slipping at sub-zero temperatures. At the same time the paving slabs are very durable and can withstand heavy loads. With all these advantages, this material is quite economical.
The minus of the tile cover is the need to ensure that the roots of the trees do not grow under it. In addition, sand-cement grout should be periodically added to tile joints. However, these are rather not disadvantages, but conditions of proper care, observing that you can not worry about the safety and aesthetics of the coating on the site.
Laying paving slabs
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the house from the living room in " underground".
Paving tiles are an ideal solution for garden paths and platforms on the site. But in order for tiles to last for a long time, when laying them you need to choose the right material, know what rubble and what sand to use for laying paving slabs, how to care for them during operation.