Recently, on the plots of country cottages and summer houses, beautiful outdoor fireplaces have been actively built, which perfectly complement the landscape design and allow you to cook food on the fire. In this article we will talk about what are outdoor fireplaces by type of design, functionality, design style. And also about how and where on the site you can build a high-quality outdoor fireplace.
A street fireplace may be an exclusively decorative element of the landscape . But a much more rational option is a complete oven designed for cooking. There are several types of arrangement of functional fireplaces. They are distinguished by the complexity of design, appearance, principle of operation.
This oven is designed for cooking meat, fish and vegetables on ember. In this cooking variant, the products are laid out on the grate, which is located above the broiler. The brazier itself has several dampers, with the help of which the flow of heat is regulated. In addition, a cover is applied. The method of processing products under the closed lid is, in fact, a method of express smoking.
The stationary barbecue oven has impressive dimensions. They are laid out from fire-resistant brick, stone or solid concrete. Barbecue fireplace can have a different shape. Usually they are constructed with additional niches and protrusions that increase the convenience of operation. A chimney is provided above the frypot as in a furnace installed in the room.
Dishes prepared according to the barbecue method are very popular in European countries and America. Of them make up the menu for family and holiday picnics. Barbecue as a fairly simple and fast way of cooking in the open air is becoming increasingly popular in our country.
Brazier is a device for frying meat and vegetables on skewers. If barbecue often has a round shape, the grill is usually a rectangular brazier. Their depth is less than that of a barbecue, and the skewers are located practically above the coals, which ensures a higher processing temperature.
Furnaces-braziers of stationary type do not differ much in form from barbecue-ovens. Moreover, one niche can be used for removable braziers of different types. In this way, it is possible to cook barbecue or kebabs on request. The fireplace brazier made of brick can be added with other stove constructions - a stove for a cauldron, an electric hob, a niche for a samovar, etc.
We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the proposal of the partner of the exhibition of houses "Low-Rise Country" - the company "Garden Barbecues", for the construction of barbecues and barbecues from brick, stone, concrete, and from other refractory materials.
A traditional Russian oven allows you to cook a variety of dishes, including pastries. In addition, it can process products by prolonged languor. However, the stove, which is located on the street can only be used for cooking food in the pot, which are put into the fire. You can equip the stove with burners. But it is only suitable for cooking in containers.
To be able not only to cook and fry food in dishes, but also to process it with fire and smoke, a Russian stove is erected with elements for installing a barbecue, barbecue or smokehouse.
Besides the fact that a Russian stove installed on the street has limited capabilities, it also very complicated in construction. In addition, if you make a real Russian stove, you get a fairly dimensional design. Therefore, on the plots of private houses they usually build not a classic, but a stylized Russian stove. It looks attractive and authentic, but in fact is a device for grilling meat on the grill or grill.
This does not mean that classic Russian stoves are not built in the courtyards at all. Some homeowners prefer this type of fireplace, despite its complexity and high cost. But most traditional stoves still complement the function of barbecue or barbecue.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer installation services of stoves and fireplaces. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
A tandoor is a pitcher-shaped stove with a lid. On the inside of the cover there are fastenings for hanging skewers. In the tandoor, the meat is not fried like on a brazier or barbecue, but baked.In a round closed oven, the temperature spreads evenly, so there is no need to constantly turn over the products.
Tandoor is a traditional Asian kind of stove. It was created in the edges where you need to save wood, and therefore its principle of operation implies minimal fuel consumption.
With all the virtues of a tandyr, it is not familiar to us, and is used as an additional, rather than the main element of the outdoor fireplace-barbecue. For example, you can build a barbecue oven, and supplement it with a module with a tandoor.
Smokehouse takes up more space than barbecue or barbecue. But this is a very useful feature of the stove that many homeowners prefer to have. Smokehouses are hot, cold or combined type. A stove with a conventional broiler and smokehouse allows you to maximize the variety of menus for families and guests at home.
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The first step is to prepare a drawing of the future fireplace. This should make a professional stove. Before ordering a furnace project, you need to think about its equipment. It may have the following elements:
a cutting surface;
a wood stove;
When preparing a drawing, it is necessary to designate all the structural elements of the furnace with exact dimensions and joints. The furnace design consists of the following components:
The base of the furnace . This is a platform on which solid fuel is laid. To remove the ash above the surface of the base of the furnace set grid.
Smoke Eaves . The vaulted element, which is located above the furnace.
Fireplace table . It is a protective base that prevents overheating of the foundation from the firebox.
The fuel . A niche in which fuel burns. It can be of any shape - rectangular, trapezoidal or, for example, arched.
Smoke chamber . It accumulates thermal energy in the form of smoke. Equipped with a valve to adjust the thrust.
Convector . A hood installed above the fireplace is necessary to transfer energy from the chimney ducts to the chimney.
The searcher . Grid on the pipe, designed to hold sparks and increase fire safety of the entire furnace design.
Deflector . It prevents the occurrence of reverse thrust with strong wind loads on the pipe.
Ashpot . A compartment in which ash accumulates. From there it can be removed after or directly during the operation of the furnace.
Chimney . Removes smoke to the desired distance from the furnace.
Preheater . Located in front of the furnace. It is a platform protruding forward and on the sides of the portal. Performs fire fighting function.
Mantel . Decorative element - shelf for small design elements. It is installed above the smoke eaves.
Fireplace mouth . Another decorative element framing the furnace.
In order to obtain a high-quality, reliable and safe oven, experts use a table of sizes of furnace elements. In addition, you must adhere to certain rules for designing furnaces. It is especially important to correctly calculate the draft, so that the device works correctly and the combustion products are diverted to a safe distance from the working area. Naturally, a fireplace and a barbecue in one chimney in the house or a closed gazebo require a more careful approach. But the outdoor fireplace should also be provided with a functional chimney system.
The best option is to purchase a ready draft fireplace in which the entire furnace design has already been calculated, as well as laying scheme of its base and body. In the finished projects there is a drawing of layer-by-layer construction, with the help of which it is easy to build a good and proper stove.
When choosing a project, it is necessary to take into account that there should be a free approach to the frypot, and all working surfaces should be placed at a convenient height. In addition, the project should provide for the correct interposition of all elements.
It is advisable to choose such a draft of the oven in which the placement of the tools necessary for servicing the furnace and regulating the cooking process is provided. Among other things, the furnace must have a rational size. Perhaps then it will be necessary to supplement and expand it.
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It is very important to choose a good place on the site for the furnace. The fireplace should be at a safe distance from all objects, including from the house. The safe distance is from 3 meters. But it’s not worth taking the stove far from home.
Before construction, it is necessary to calculate the wind direction, which is durable within residential buildings. If you do not take into account the wind rose, you can build a fireplace, the smoke from which will fall into the living quarters of the house on the same plot or on the plot of neighbors.
It must be remembered that trees and shrubs next to the stove is also unsafe. Therefore, choosing a platform for a fireplace, it is advisable to take care that it is completely free from everything - buildings, decor elements, plants. After the stove has been built, a platform next to it can be arranged with the help of specially selected garden furniture.
A variant of the location of the outdoor fireplace in the area
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Despite the fact that layered construction is carried out on the basis of a previously prepared project, professional specialists should be involved in this process. They must take into account in the process of many rules of technology masonry street furnaces.
A brick oven is quite massive, so you need to build it using a foundation. The depth of the foundation may be small - about 40 cm. A ditch prepared for the foundation of a barbecue fireplace is carpeted with rubble and sand. All this is well tamped. Above pour a mixture of cement and sand. You can use the strengthening of the base by reinforcement. Work should be continued only after the foundation screed is completely cured.
The fireplace begins to be laid on the frozen foundation according to the installation procedure. The project not only graphically displays the sequence of work, but also describes the characteristics of each individual series. This is very important because not all parts of the fireplace are laid out of the same material. So, the podium is usually built from refractory ceramic faceplates, and for the inner walls of the firebox fireclay bricks are used.
The lower part of the furnace, where there is no strong heating, is laid out on the cement mortar. Above laying is carried out using a more heat-resistant clay solution or a special ready-mixed. The chimney is constructed using cement with lime.
Layer-by-layer construction of the barbecue oven
Metal parts can be made to order. But it is easier to buy them in finished form, as they are produced according to standard frame sizes. Everything must be fixed and installed in accordance with the technology and design.
At the last stage, the fireplace is facing. You can leave it just brick, but to give a more aesthetic appearance is used some kind of refractory lining material. Most often used natural stone and ceramic tiles.
The option of facing the outdoor fireplace
The outdoor fireplace can be built not only from bricks, but also from wild stone or concrete. Stone structures are very efficient and cost effective. However, when building them, the stove should show the highest level of craftsmanship, since it is rather difficult to lay out a correct and aesthetic stove design from a material that is not ideal in form.
Furnaces made of concrete differ in a variety of forms. This plastic material allows you to create unusual furnace structures. But the use of concrete for the construction of fireplaces requires serious qualifications. Concrete structures are constructed on the basis of formwork, from concrete slabs or using concrete rings. In any case, the construction is quite heavy, and under it, as well as under a brick fireplace, there must be a solid foundation.
Each homeowner decides for himself how functional his fireplace will be . If desired, you can build a whole complex, which includes several useful elements. Barbecue stoves-fireplaces of brick are designed in various sizes and configurations.
The diagram below shows an example of a fairly wide configuration of an outdoor fireplace. There is a barbecue (or barbecue), a stove for a cauldron, a smokehouse with metal doors and a sink. Over time, this oven can be supplemented with another module with a cutting surface and shelves for dishes.
The following is a variant of the fireplace with a hob , broiler, smokehouse and two fairly wide countertops. If a part of one of the tabletops is set aside for a sink installation, you’ll have a complete summer kitchen.
The next option is simple in design, but very unexpected design stove. It is designed in a special way and has practically nothing to do with the traditional Russian stove. Its complete set includes a brazier, a cauldron, a tandoor and an electro grill. The advantage of this design is its compactness. The downside is that the sink and tabletop must be installed separately.
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The ability to cook food in the open air and with the help of live fire is one of the most important advantages of a private household. Various outdoor fireplaces, stoves, barbecues and barbecues make life in a country house more interesting, exciting and "tasty." Therefore, more and more homeowners are building furnace structures on their plots. The main thing to correctly determine the type of fireplace and its design.