To dig a well at the dacha, you must not only hire specialists, but also choose the right place for it. The article will consider all the features, rules and nuances of installing a well on the site. You will learn what kind of wells there are, when it is better to start work, what is required, how much it will cost to install.
Choice of a place
The optimal time for summer-autumn work, when not very hot, but also not too cold. It is impossible to dig in the spring flood period. In August-September, the water is at a minimum. If you focus on the level of the water layer filled with natural rainfall, then the well will have insufficient depth, and in summer it will become shallower or even completely dry. Water at a depth of 2 m, unsuitable for consumption.
It is necessary to place a well on the site in the place of an aquifer located as close as possible to the surface. This speeds up work and reduces costs. Choosing a place you must use methods for determining the occurrence of water. Layers at a depth of 10 m are considered to be technical, drinking water is below 10 m. To determine the closest location of the layer and the quality of the water, listen to the specialists.
It is very important to take into account a number of factors when determining the point. Garbage and cesspools, toilet, septic tanks and the like should be located away from the well. This applies to absolutely all sources of pollution. Best of all, if they are lower in relief. It is necessary to take into account the fact that in the future you will build or make changes - you cannot rearrange the well.
Rules for digging a hole
The diameter of the well should be more than a meter so that rings can easily fit in it, while the inner diameter will be exactly one meter. With the increase in the depth of the mine to conduct work becomes more difficult. The rings are stacked on each other in the process of deepening, the vertical of the installation is checked by a plumb, measurements are taken constantly. The solution is not used to putty gaps, it is enough to lay the clay around the structure.
The rings themselves are made with different heights. With high work harder, so it is recommended to use meter. Fastening rings may occur with wire lugs. Insurance is also important to protect the worker from voids in the ground, quicksand, the level of ground mobility is constantly checked. A ready water intake is a pit of 1 m, water is pumped out, excess soil is selected and crushed stone is covered with a layer of 10 cm.
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