Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

The article will talk about why ornamental grass is so popular for the garden, what tasks the planting of such plants helps to decide, which crops are most popular, how they should be planted. Photos and videos will show off-the-shelf solutions and tell you how to make beautiful landscape compositions.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Decorative grass in landscape design

Why ornamental herbs and cereals are so popular

Each of us, choosing to decorate the backyard plot, some stylistic composition, dreams of transforming the space around and making it cozy, beautiful and memorable. This can be done using different elements of landscape design. Landscaping is one of them. It is created using combinations of different landing units. Ornamental grasses including. They help to form the desired volume, make the depth and saturate the garden with the right colors. Flower beds with such content look very elegant and sophisticated.

The described plants are beautiful in any season. In the spring, their planting allows you to create dense green lawns, in the summer the plants grow, unusual buds form in the form of a panicle. By themselves, such landings are nondescript, but in a company with other units they look very expressive. Using them, designers enhance the decorativeness of the landscape. When winter comes, its beauty fades, but the drooping grass creates a relief, thanks to which the site looks unusual, mysterious. And this is not the only advantage of the described type of gardening.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Decorative herbs in the winter garden

Recently, stylistic concepts that allow you to create decorative gardening, for which no need to carefully care. Almost all cereals are “not picky”, they do not need to be cut, give them a certain shape, monitor the growth and additionally feed.

Such plants react equally well to excessive moisture and a long absence of watering. They rarely get sick, they are “friendly” with other plantings, so with their help you can create mixed flower gardens and complex mixborders. If you plant flowers with bright foliage near the flowers, their vegetation will reflect the rays of the sun, protect themselves and their neighbors from excess UV in the hot season.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Grasses and flowers are an excellent tandem

Detailed classification of grasses and ornamental grasses

There are a large number of ornamental crops cereals and herbs. Specialists divide them into two large groups:

  • annuals ;

  • perennials .

Everyone is equally interesting. Annuals, for example, have unusual inflorescences. They are ways to decorate every corner of the garden. Perennials have beautiful foliage, it is ready to please the eye with its rich color for several seasons in a row. Once you plant such a plant near a pond or central entrance, you can observe how over the years the green bush will grow and grow. The "older" the plant becomes, the more decorative it will look.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Perennials in a decorative garden

Ornamental grasses in landscaping for ease of composition are divided into:

  • short ;

  • medium thick ;

  • tall cultures .

The first variety includes those plants that, growing, are no higher than 50 cm. They creep along beautifully on the ground, therefore they have the second name “ground-covering”. They are often used by designers in the design of rockeries, alpine slides, groups of stones, and carpet flower beds. The paths look incredibly beautiful along which low-growing grass is planted. If it is planted between stones, the decoration of the garden will greatly liven up. Designers like to plant beside flowering ryegrass plants. It necessarily forms part of grass mixtures of ornamental lawns.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Decoration of paths with the help of short growing grass

In medium-sized herbs and cereals, the height of the stems does not exceed one meter. They are used to compose volumetric compositions and multi-tiered flower gardens. The most beautiful are the cobbles. Wind entangled in them, helps to appreciate their graceful beauty. This grass is usually used for decoration of stone hills. With it, small groups are formed. Oats, Canarian falaris and peristoshtetininik belong to midgrow plants. All these herbs are well combined with any wildflowers: cornflowers, poppies and chamomile.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Canary Phariseis bushes
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The height of the sprouted grass is above a meter. Such species are used to form a green base, against which multi-tiered compositions look advantageous. With the help of these designers create screens and screens. The brightest representatives of such ornamental herbs are pennisetums.

This is a lush perennial. Its landing allows to create easy and air registration. Hailing grass from tropical African countries. He has a second name - "Pistol". The grass grows to a height of one and a half meters, quickly turning into a spherical thickets. Fluffy spikelet covered with thick hairs blooms on the stems. Under its own weight, it bends and curves in an arc, which makes the bush even more decorative.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Spherical peristroshennik is able to completely close the fence

There are different types of peristroshennik. One has bronze-claret leaves, the other has a gray-green color. The third has dense, lush green spikelets covered with pink hairs. There are species that tolerate frost well, and are capable of surviving at -29 degrees. There are heat-loving species that do not survive in the cold. They are grown as a culture, living for one year. In order to preserve the plant, you can grow it in pots, then bring them in the winter to a heated winter garden.

The gardener is very beautiful in the garden. It is often used to decorate shady areas of the garden. Usually it grows in the temperate zone in the meadows and in the forests, in the mountains and in the steppes of Eurasia. The Trans-Sylvanian species has very thick light gray spike-shaped stems. Penetrating has a one-sided inflorescence, forming a beautiful complex brush. The stems of the high perchika very straight and rough. There are special soda varieties bred by breeding. Spikelets have a complex shape, painted in pink, purple or purple. Framed with green leaves, they look great.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

The lush Transylvanian Perlovnik

Tall grasses are good both as soloists and companions in groups. Always safe to plant them next to the conifers. Such tandems give rise to association with eternal consistency.

Other Unusual Ornamental Herbs

There are over 200 species of plants that can be used for the indicated purposes. But most often it is the blue fescue that is chosen. This is a perennial grass. Growing up, it acquires a spherical shape. It beautifully frames the stones and ponds. It hibernates well without additional shelter, grows quickly and strongly, every two years it needs to be seated, sharing a rhizome.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Blue fescue in landscape design

Vivsetse viviparous is a similar plant, it has higher bushes, unlike blue fescue and they are more spreading. There is no clear spherical shape. But the color and shape of the leaves is almost identical. Such decorative grass is best for flowerbeds, while it always looks good against a background of stones or wood chips.

Indoor bamboo is another type of ornamental grass. It is usually used as a houseplant, but experienced designers often use the mildew with the millet (this is the second name) for planting in large tubs. They decorate the outdoor terraces or areas around the gazebo, a barbecue area. In open ground, the plant grows well and looks very decorative.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Pogonatherum prosirny is good for decorating open terraces
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Chumiza - forage plant. This grass has very beautiful yellow drooping panicles that dilute the monochrome of group compositions well. Bushes grow to a meter. They tolerate drought well, they dry out, panicles hold on for a long time and do not crumble, so they are often used to compose herbaria. With abundant watering the plant becomes very decorative. Gardeners know that chumizo - this is only one of the varieties setaria. Using different types, you can safely experiment and make very original compositions.

The stately maned barley is very self-sufficient, therefore it is used in landscape design as a soloist. After planting seeds grow dense bushes with a beautiful scattering of shoots. Over time, spikelets with long awns are formed inside them. The height of the stems is 50 cm, at the time of flowering the mane of barley is painted in pearl-green or in pink-lilac color. When the spike dries, it becomes white.The described grass is a perennial, in the winter it does not freeze, gives excellent self-seeding.

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Majestic, barbed barley

Pampas grass should appeal to those who love sprawling bushes. In the cortaderia (this is the scientific name) they are topped with a white cap of fluffy inflorescences. There are types of grass that grow, reach a height of three meters. The main condition for their cultivation is a lot of sun. In our country, large thickets can be seen on the coast of the Crimea.

Miscanthus grows up to two meters, forms high lush bushes. The plant has long leaves, golden-pink inflorescences paniculate form.

Imperata cylindrical - the queen of the garden. It has very thin leaves growing up. They have emerald green and the top is bright red. This combination gives an unusual effect. It is used to form bright accents. The peak of ornamental falls in autumn. Then the bushes become crimson.

The video details what other ornamental herbs can be grown in the garden:

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Rules for drawing up landscape compositions

For those who decide to make a bed of cereals and ornamental grass in their backyards, experts recommend that you follow certain principles. All selected plants must have:

  • similar growing conditions ;

  • similar or compatible each other flowering combinations ;

  • similar spreading ;

  • similar height .

A composition made up of ornamental grasses should not have bright elements. Stone boulders may appear next to them, as well as fine gravel dumping. Very beautiful mixes are obtained with conifers, with rose bushes, with daylilies. As a background, experts recommend choosing climbers (ivy, hops).

Ornamental grass for the garden - detailed classification

Complicated composition of ornamental grasses in the garden
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It is important to be able to compare the size of the area and the size of the compositions collected from cereals and ornamental grasses. If the territory of the garden is small, tall crops cannot be used: such compositions will visually reduce the size of the local area and form a shadow under which nothing will grow. Planted grass, which grow to a height of two, three meters, can only be in a spacious garden. They look very good as soloists.

How to plant

Since many grasses are unpretentious, there is no need to prepare the soil for planting in particular. It is enough to choose a suitable site, clear it of weeds, deeply dig up the ground, level it with a rake, make a marking with sand taking into account the width of an adult plant. And only then plant seeds in the soil or seedlings. Most cereals are dominant. Growing up, they crowd out other cultures, therefore it is important to think out in advance how to contain the desired flower bed boundaries. You can do it in different ways: dig up the strips around the borders and insert plastic rings into them or plant the plants in containers and dig them into the ground.

The video tells how to plant grass plants:

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Summary of the topic

Decorative herbs and plants fit well into any landscape design. With the help of them, original green compositions are created that do not require much care. Such plants are not inferior to many flower crops, therefore, more and more often they become an ornament of a well-groomed garden. To create beautiful compositions on your site, you need to get acquainted with existing species in more detail and learn the rules of their planting.


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