Building a house is a complex and expensive process. Purchase of materials, payment for installation works and other expenses. But modern technologies for the construction of private houses create opportunities for less expensive construction of a warm, reliable and beautiful building, without losing the quality of the work done.
There are a lot of construction methods, so among them it is necessary to find a suitable method for all parameters. After all, as well as the old and new technologies in the construction of private houses have their positive and negative sides.
The innovative materials that have been created recently, but already firmly occupying their niche include:
glued laminated timber;
foam concrete blocks;
aerated concrete blocks;
But even with the use of standard technologies for the construction of private houses, new methods of finishing, insulation, pouring and so on can be applied.
TISE - the technology of individual construction and the environment, also known as "folk" or "moving formwork", was developed in Russia. The main advantages that influence the choice of TISE are simplicity and cost-effectiveness when building a house.
The foundation of a house built using TISE is a filler pile or pile-foundation foundation, the peculiarity of which is the expanding sole of concrete piles. Expansion of the sole is done by a special drill, which is sold with a set of equipment for work.
Walls are erected from lightweight hollow blocks, which are formed on the spot in special forms into which concrete is poured. When the mixture solidifies, the module is removed and rearranged to the place of pouring the next block.
Pros of construction technology private houses:
low cost of construction - the house is being built practically from scrap materials without using heavy machinery;
construction can be conducted in any conditions , even if it is not possible to connect to the power grid;
the minimum time construction;
low labor costs ;
allows you to sum communications in a simple way.
Disadvantages of technology:
is not suitable for use in muddy or water-flooded areas , so as piles due to increased loads, they simply break down or sink;
difficult installation in rocky grounds that are very difficult to drill;
The grillage and piles must be reliably protected from moisture. - blind areas (waterproof coatings that are located along the perimeter of the building) must be large in size.
It is often used in construction, as the method is very simple to implement. In addition, the frame allows you to create a variety of options for building arrangement.
According to this technology for the construction of private houses, the frame installed on a pile or concrete foundation - depending on the type of soil and weight of the house. The frame itself is made of different materials - most often it is a tree, but light steel thin-walled structures (LSTC technology) are also used. The choice of material is made depending on the conditions in which the house will be built and financial possibilities. The metal frame is more expensive than wood, although if the wood is processed correctly, then there will most likely be no tangible difference in quality and strength. The main thing is to use a high-quality timber, which can serve for a long time, preserving its properties.
When using a frame house, there are several options for filling walls :
OSB that become wall panels, filled with any heat-insulating material;
prefabricated shield CIP panels , which already have additional protection from moisture, wind and insulation.
On our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of designing country houses. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Pros of technology:
low cost ;
high speed of construction (a team of six people can build a house in just a month);
communication systems are easily laid inside walls;
construction is possible in any season ;
use lifting equipment ;
equipping lightweight foundation , which allows to reduce its cost;
the plates from which the house is made will not "sit" , that is, after a while they will not decrease or increase in size.
Disadvantages of technology:
Short life - overhaul is required every 20-30 years.
High fire hazard is a general lack of wooden houses, although statistics say that fires in them occur no more often than in stone ones. In any case, all materials used are treated with flame retardants, and non-combustible insulation is recommended for insulation.
In time, the tree may start to rot , especially in those places where a large amount of moisture is concentrated. To eliminate this drawback, materials are treated with antiseptics;
Low insulation when compared with houses made of concrete or brick. During construction, emphasis is placed on noise-attenuating materials that can correct the deficiency;