Building a "box" at home is the main, but not the last stage of "external" work. It is equally important to correctly select materials for exterior wall decoration at home. Besides the fact that the correctly chosen finishing technology extends the life of the facade, we do not forget that the exterior of the building is its “face” - the first thing that guests and just passers-by see. And the fact that they meet not according to their wits, but according to their clothes, is not just a beautiful proverb. As a result, a beautiful exterior finish at home is an additional plus in the piggy bank of the importance of the owner of the house, both in his own and in the eyes of all his friends.
Finishing the house of aerated concrete decorative brick
There are many technologies and materials for exterior decoration. All of them have different characteristics and cost, so you need to imagine which of the options has the best value for money.
When a house is built, it can look decent without any painting, plaster or other facade material. It may seem that there is no need to carry out work on the appearance of the building, but more often it is not.
Any exterior finish additionally performs the following functions:
Protection of walls from natural external influences. If you do not dive into the technical calculations, then in simple words the problem is formulated as follows - the materials that can be used to create load-bearing walls are subject to the influence of natural external influences and vice versa. For example, a brick, most often used for construction, absorbs moisture, which can lead first to the appearance of efflorescence, and, over time, to a change in the physical characteristics of the material. Protecting the walls with external cladding is very important to increase the life of the entire house.
Protection of wooden walls from atmospheric moisture
Heat and soundproofing the interior of the house. It is far from always that materials suitable for the construction of load-bearing walls have optimum heat and sound permeability. Previously, this problem was solved by erecting thicker walls, but a significant waste of materials is not economically feasible. For example, the thermal conductivity of a dozen centimeters of mineral wool and a brick wall about two meters thick is the same. Therefore, most exterior cladding technologies include the installation of special materials that can increase the insulation performance with a small layer thickness. In addition, the use of such systems will create a comfortable atmosphere indoors, which will not depend on the weather outside.
A layer of heat and sound insulation
is placed under the exterior trim Fire house. Most modern building materials fall into the flammability category of NG or G1, which means that they do not sustain combustion at all or melt without emitting substances harmful to the human respiratory system. At the same time, the construction of wooden houses, which fall into the category of increased fire danger, is widespread. Finishing the exterior walls of the house made of wood with modern facade materials significantly reduces the risks of outdoor fire. Even if there is a fire inside the house, the fireproof finish will not allow the fire to spread to neighboring areas.
A lot of attention is paid to the fire safety of materials
Decorating the facade of the house .
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of finishing and insulation of houses. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Everyone chooses different ways of facade finishing and at the same time pursue their goals.But in any case, there are objective requirements that must be met by materials for exterior wall decoration of the house:
low overall coefficient of thermal conductivity;
prevention and condensate accumulation in the finishing layer;
maximum vapor permeability;
physical resistance exposure (hail or accidental blows);
resistance to exposure to UV light;
do not degrade or change their characteristics when exposed to chemicals (sometimes soda Keep in precipitation depending on the location of the house, the possibility of cleaning with detergents);
possibility of operation at negative temperatures (depending on climatic conditions);
resistance to wind load;
not attract various kinds of parasites and rodents settling in the walls of houses;
simplicity and minimal installation time;
maximum decoration range;
The beauty of the exterior is one of the main factors of choice
All materials for outdoor decoration of the house should be responsible specified requirements. Therefore, in order to make the best choice, it is necessary to carefully study the labeling of the goods, since the range of characteristics is quite large.
Types of outdoor decoration of a country house can be divided into two main groups:
wet decoration of the building;
Wet finishing involves the process of applying water-soluble mixtures to the wall. Polymer compositions that are insoluble in water but in a liquid state before use can also be applied. The technology of work in this way is quite simple, but in any case, experience in handling materials is required - for example, it is sometimes necessary to wait a certain time from preparing the solution to applying it, from the start of work to putting the coating into operation.
In turn, the dry methods of exterior finishing consist in fastening ready-made building materials to the wall with the help of special devices and dowels. The process technology is somewhat more complicated, but it takes relatively little time to create the entire system.
Wet and dry facades
It is clear that completely different building materials are used for each method. Therefore, some performance characteristics are quite different.
It may be interesting! In the article on the following link read about finishing materials for facades.
Any project of facade cladding, regardless of the method of implementation, consists of two main layers. The eye can see a durable decorative layer, and under it lies an insulator. According to the materials used, wet facades consist of cement mortars or polymeric materials. There is also a separate category of combined facades, but it is not possible to precisely classify it, since there are no exact recommendations on the proportions of mixtures for decoration.
Externally, the implementation may be quite different, but the principle and technology is one or has many common features.
Facade systems created by the wet method can also be classified by insulating layer and finishing. The fact is that these three signs can be infinitely combined with each other. Consider the specific cases most used today.
Plaster mix based on insulating components , for example, vermiculite, perlite, foam crumbs, followed by decorative finish. This option is gaining its popularity. Technologically, there are fewer processes than in other similar methods, respectively, the time for finishing the facade is reduced. However, to achieve insulation performance of systems with insulation, a large layer is required, which increases the cost and laboriousness of the work. Ceramic granite, natural and artificial stone, paint, polymer or cement plaster (bark beet, pebble, mosaic) are used as the finishing cladding.
Textured plaster with inert fillers
The most popular are options with use of tiled heaters made of polystyrene or mineral wool. Consists of several layers (glue, insulation, reinforcing mix, finish). This method is characterized by high insulation performance, requires more time and effort to implement. It has a fairly high cost of work due to the number of layers processed.Insulation does not have high strength, so light, thin building materials, such as paint, polymer and cement decorative plaster, are used as finishing materials.
There is still a separate look, such as front wallpaper for exterior home decoration, which are used together with special glue and reinforcing mesh.
The plaster insulation has its own nuances
Different The dry house exterior finishing options are divided into two main technological types:
fixing to the wall of finished panels;
alternately fixing each layer of decoration.
Today, ready-made panels can be considered the best in all indicators. This method saves facing time, prolongs the life of the house, is easy to install.
The panel consists of a plane of attachment to the wall of the house, insulation, its protection and a decorative outer surface. At the same time, the range of panels is very rich - from cheap to expensive.
The second method includes several technological processes. But in general, the structure similar to the above options remains. Differs in simplicity of installation of construction materials, big service life, high strength characteristics.
You can clearly see the video on the facade finishing using the dry method:
Such finishing materials include:
block-house (made of wood or plastic; imitates wooden logs externally; house warms well; withstands wind load, but has low strength and high price);
wooden lining (it can imitate any lumber externally; it is highly durable, wear-resistant, long service life; has a high cost);
siding (manufactured from ary plastic, looks like a horizontal battens, is relatively inexpensive, have a long service life, ease of installation, are not resistant to strong shocks).
Still about the choice of finishing materials for the facade on the video:
When purchasing building materials it is not always possible to examine the proposed product thoroughly. Therefore, you need to know what factors need to pay attention in the first place.
Before buying, you need to know in what climatic conditions the material will be used. If significant temperature fluctuations and a large amount of precipitation are observed, it is necessary to choose the most frost-resistant and water-resistant materials. They can be facing brick, porcelain tile, natural or artificial stone, silicate, silicone paints, some sandwich panels. If the facade is affected by a large wind load, it makes sense to use siding, block house.
If there is a possibility that the facade will be affected by physical loads, such as strikes, you should pay attention to the most durable finishes. These are durable cement mixtures, polymer plasters, plates of porcelain stoneware or stone.
In the following video, an estimate of the cost of the facade depending on the material used:
Don't forget that materials should be as meet all requirements for facade decoration of buildings.
It may be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the exterior of the house from a bar.
It is impossible to leave the bearing walls "to be torn apart" by atmospheric phenomena - this is simply economically inefficient. Knowing all the nuances of the pros and cons, it is possible to use the most suitable material for the budget and properties for the basis, and under it you can correctly choose the exterior finish of the house.