Residents of private houses do not always switch on gas heating. Therefore, the alternative is to install a brick stove to give on the wood. Some homeowners install equipment as additional heating equipment. There are several types of brick furnaces for heating different rooms and areas.
Wood burning stoves heat up quickly and distribute heat for a long time. Radiant energy is released from the brick, which is good for health. In the house where the stove is installed is always comfortable and warm. Due to the indoor ventilation is created. The constructions often have a cooking surface on which to cook food. In addition, on such a furnace you can dry things, shoes and products.
A combination oven is a device that has several functions. This could include a stove, fireplace, stove and Russian stove.
The only major drawback is the poor heating of remote rooms. That is why the whole structure is tried to be installed in the center of the house for uniform heat release. In large homes, it is advisable to install several stoves that have a combined chimney. Cooking surface is usually set by location to the kitchen.
Heating equipment is different in appearance and design.
Designs furnaces independently developed in different countries. Accordingly, they received the names either by the principle of operation or by the name of the country in which they were developed:
The design is one of the most popular. Some models are equipped with a hob and oven, which solves the problem of cooking, but the classic "Dutch" is used only for heating.
A channel-type furnace heats the walls perfectly. Smoke is discharged through a vertical channel, in which almost all is burned. Although usually brick ovens for a house on firewood are large in size, this cannot be said about the Dutchwoman, therefore she is optimally suited for comfortable heating of a private house - one or two-storeyed. Outwardly, the Dutchwoman resembles a column. The shape of the structure can be round, square or rectangular.
Advantages of the Dutch:
After long breaks, the furnace can start to be fired at full power.
A small construction can heat a house of 70 square meters. m.
Efficiency. Little material consumption. The price of installation is lower, as well as space savings.
The design has thin walls, so it warms up quickly.
Efficiency is no more than 40%.
One should not forget about cleaning the furnace from ash, as well as soot for normal traction.
The most effective mode is smoldering. Often this design is called a long-burning furnace.
After the firebox, the view must be closed, otherwise the oven will cool down quickly.
This equipment can be used to heat small houses that have 2 floors or an attic floor.
It has large dimensions and is multifunctional, and also has smoke channels and an open fire chamber. It is sometimes closed flap. Equipment may have a cooking surface.
In addition to heating the room, this design allows you to cook and dry clothes.
The efficiency is at most 60%. During the winter period, the furnace should not be allowed to cool down, therefore it is necessary to stoke regularly. If the structure cools, condensation may occur. The brick is saturated with moisture, and upon subsequent cooling it freezes and cracks.
In summer, you can use the oven in summer mode for cooking. In this case, the smoke is sent directly to the pipe using a damper, and the body of the structure does not heat up.
At timely comfort in the house creates a comfortable microclimate, as well as temperature.
A brick oven to give decorates the room.
High cost of installation due to the large volume of bricks.
Due to the large weight and size, it is necessary to build a solid foundation.
Regularly required to clean the canals and chimney.
Such equipment is suitable for year-round use.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the installation of fireplaces and stoves. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
The furnace has a universal design and is intended primarily for effective work in small areas. Standard "Swede" is equipped with an oven, hob, as well as niches for drying things. Some Swedes have a stove bench and a fireplace.
The principle of operation of a Swedish furnace is about the same as that of a bell-type furnace - under the roof of the firebox there is an afterburning of flue gases.
Advantages of the design:
The room is heated very quickly.
Possibility of cooking, both on the hob and in the oven.
Almost complete fuel combustion.
Due to the design of the channels, the lower part of the equipment is heated, and, therefore, the floors are slightly heated.
A heat exchanger can be installed in the design for heating water.
To prevent heat losses through the floor, it is necessary to arrange high-quality thermal insulation.
For the installation of heated elements fireclay brick is used, which has a higher cost.
Experts recommend leaving the oven always warm in the winter. Incineration of a cold furnace can lead to deterioration of the masonry.
One of the modern constructions is such a furnace. The equipment heats up perfectly and retains heat for a long time. The design does not have small winding channels, therefore, they are not so susceptible to soot sedimentation.
The principle of operation of the bell-type stove: smoke goes up from the firebox, then remains there until it cools. And then it begins to descend along the walls of the chimney, thus heating it. Such designs are effective, as they may have several caps.
Low material and installation costs. Simplicity of design.
You can install a heat exchanger and a cooking surface.
It heats up quickly even after it has completely cooled.
The gas view prevents the backward thrust. That is why the furnace cannot cool down with the damper open.
there will be several caps, and therefore it will be possible to heat 2 floors and several rooms. It is difficult to identify any shortcomings, which is why the bell model is popular with homeowners.
For an example of masonry of a bell furnace, see the video:
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You can install a stove anywhere, but for efficient heating it is recommended to place it in the center of the house. Experts do not recommend installing equipment near the outer wall of the house, to avoid heat losses to the street. When constructing a structure, determine the dimensions of the sides of the foundation, the location of the pipe and the height of the furnace.
Every homeowner wants to install such heating that does not require much labor. Arrange it in the furnace for the house on the wood of long burning from brick is quite problematic. In industrial furnaces made of metal, which operate according to this principle, carbon monoxide is released. Long burning mode can be arranged in a Russian or Dutch oven. But this method is not 100% effective. Therefore, it is recommended to install a standard brick oven, which retains heat for a long time.
Some thoughts about long-burning stoves can be found in the following video:
Heat-resistant and fire-resistant are used in manufacturing materials for firebox, as well as red-hot brick. It is not recommended to make a furnace device by yourself. It is necessary to contact specialists for high-quality and safe laying.
Specialists work with compliance with all safety standards and rules. For laying bricks used cement mortar, which is diluted with sand in the ratio of 1 to 3.
For the binder material, many craftsmen use clay and sand.
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First you need to buy mortar and bricks. The amount of material will be calculated by a specialist. Do not forget about the device of a separate foundation for the installation of the furnace. The equipment will require cast-iron elements: a door for the firebox, a blower (ashtray door), hob rings, a chimney damper, a grill and a cooking stove.
In addition, it is necessary to purchase steel elements: a hot water tank and an oven. When building a structure, you will need strips made of metal of different widths and lengths. Corner metal standard size 0.5 x 0.5 cm. Annealed steel wire with a diameter of 0.2 - 0.3 cm. Before the furnace must be put a sheet of steel.
In some designs, roofing iron may be needed to overlap the cooking chamber.
The specialist calculates the required amount of material based on the size and type of the furnace.
Brick kilns for the house on long-burning firewood are made of fireclay and red bricks, clay and sand. For the construction of the foundation will need sand and cement, crushed stone, roofing felt, as well as boards for formwork.
Such heating equipment can be classified as long burning. Solid fuel burns without oxygen. With the help of wood, volatile gases are saturated, and after it is burned at a temperature regime of more than 450 o C, they are mixed with air residues in the second chamber.
This design has a high efficiency, which can reach up to 95%.
Equipment can be installed at the cottage, in a garage or in a country house of a small area. The pyrolysis oven consumes some fuel at maximum performance. All solid material burns almost completely. Soot practically does not settle, as the coals and gas are burned.
By this principle, all pyrolysis models work, but different designs differ in characteristics and appearance.
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Brick stoves collect heat and gradually distribute heat around the room. The house of a small area is heated from 15 to 24 hours. Smoke escapes through the chimney through natural fines. The room in which the heating equipment is installed should be regularly aired. The shutter on the main pipe closes to stop the thrust.
The use of dry firewood is optimal for the fire. In the receiving compartment it is necessary to clean the ashes. When using the equipment usually there are no problems.
It is not recommended to use various household waste or construction materials that are harmful to health as fuel.
Brick structures have some drawbacks:
Cleaning the chimney about 2 times a year;
It is necessary to throw firewood manually;
It is necessary to carry out the construction of the furnace only from quality materials that meet all standards. Otherwise, the equipment may heat the room poorly or the smell of smoke will appear in the house.
If the furnace is built of 450 bricks or more, then it is necessary to arrange the foundation. On the basis of the house you can install heating equipment, if it is made in the form of a whole slab. A separate foundation is arranged without being tied to the base.
According to the house plan, a place is chosen for the installation of the heating structure during the house construction. In an already operated house, the equipment is designed so that the chimney is between the ceiling beams. It should be at a distance of 1 meter from the rafters.
The chimney should be at least 0.5 m above the roof. The closer the pipe is to the ridge, the higher it should be.
A little about the secrets of using a brick oven in a house in the following video:
The cost of fireclay bricks starts from 58 rubles. Red brick has a cost of about 20 rubles. The laying of one brick will cost 85 rubles. The cost of the foundation, depending on the height of the basement, will be approximately 20 thousand rubles. In addition, you must separately pay for the installation of doors, grilles, valves, etc.
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Properly selected and built stove not only warms your home, but also becomes a noticeable piece of furniture. To ensure that all installation work goes smoothly, and the oven itself lasts a long time, contact the professionals who not only do their work quickly and efficiently, but also give it a guarantee.