Curbstone brings an element of completeness and elegance to the design of any garden path or platform. The article describes the functions and advantages of curbstone, the choice of material, the properties of concrete and vibropressed blocks. You will get acquainted with the principles of mounting a garden curb, with ways of laying and features of mounting curb tape; learn what factors affect the cost of work.
Those involved in landscaping the garden will not do without arranging the tracks, and, therefore, without a curb. Curbstone is not just a familiar detail; if you want the garden path to serve for a long time, due attention should be paid to the choice and installation of the curb. This functional element performs the following tasks:
Is part of the landscape decor , supports the specified geometry.
Serves as a separator between the footpath and the surrounding space , protects the floor from soil contamination and at the same time prevents soil erosion.
Holds the material of the track , preventing it from leaching or changing shape.
Redistributes the load onto the base (concrete or gravel), protecting the floor from destruction.
In the garden plots, the installation of a garden curb is practiced much more often than the pouring of a reinforced concrete structure; The method has the following advantages:
Reduced time costs . Installation of borders will take 3-4 days (depending on the front of work), it will take 2-3 weeks for the concrete to cure.
Budget cut . Concrete is spent only on the organization of the base.
Reduced labor costs . Productivity increases due to the lack of formwork and reinforcement. In the rounded areas, a lot of time and effort is spent on the installation of the formwork, ready curbs allow you to create a path or a recreation area of any configuration.
Quality . Self-pouring does not always provide the desired quality of the border; shortcomings may appear in two or three years. Factory products have known parameters, a guarantee of up to 10 years and do not crumble after the first wintering.
The construction market offers various types of curbstones, allowing you to give a finished look to paths, flowerbeds and lawns. On country sites you can find paths framed by a border of granite, plastic, metal and more exotic materials. The choice depends on the type of soil, design ideas and personal preferences of the owners of the site.
On our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of designing and carrying out landscape works. You can directly communicate with representatives by visiting the low-rise country exhibition.
The on-board material, in addition to the affordable price, must have resistance to shock loads, durability and considerable weight for good stability. The onboard stone made of concrete or by the method of vibropressing in the factory conditions best meets the strict requirements. The most common are concrete curbs, which fall into two categories:
Road . Differs in large dimensions (for example, 1000x300x150 mm); Often inside there is an armature in the form of steel rods (12-14 mm in diameter). It is used more often in urban areas for framing the roadway and separating it from the pedestrian zone.
Garden or pavement curb . It has a smaller size and weight, reinforcement is not performed. Used for decoration of garden paths in suburban areas, as well as in urban settings (in the park, on the edge of the sidewalk). Not designed for serious pressure - withstands occasional wheel overruns, but at constant load is prone to destruction. Blocks of 1000x200x80 and 500x200x70 mm in size, with a corresponding weight of 40 and 20 kg, are popular.
About the installation of the curb on the site in the following video:
The garden curbstone is selected based on its features: >
Modern materials . Increasingly, instead of the usual natural (whose main drawback is price) and concrete stone, a vibropressed curb is used. The replacement is explained by the properties of the material: increased wear resistance, variety and better price / quality ratio.
Improved design capabilities . The basis of the vibropressed material is a concrete solution; the coloring pigment and plasticizers is added to it.As a result of vibropressing, products of improved quality and various in shades are obtained, from gray and brown to red and purple. Such products are resistant to sunlight, fading does not threaten them.
Bends . Rare track does without changing direction. The turn is made in two ways. First, the details of the curb can be set at the desired angle, and the intervals should be filled with concrete. Secondly, a smooth turn can be formed with the help of finished parts with a suitable radius of curvature. If you want to make a round or oval flower bed, such fragments will be the ideal choice.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer design services and construction of small architectural forms. You can directly communicate with representatives by visiting the low-rise country exhibition.
Size . For tracks on a country site, a stone with a cross section of 200x80 mm will be optimal, the length may vary.
The tracks and the surrounding space acquire the clarity of the lines when using the curb stone, the installation of which should be done taking into account the peculiarities of the soil on the site. This approach allows you to maintain an attractive appearance of the border, prevents the displacement of stones and prolongs their life. Technologically, the most difficult is laying on wet soil and soil prone to heaving; the works are carried out in the following order:
The installation line is laid out with the help of pegs, between which the string is pulled.
The trench is digging. The bottom must be leveled and tamped.
Trench parameters . The width is calculated by the width of the stone with the addition of 10-15 cm on each side. The depth consists of the following values: a cushion of rubble (20-30 cm), a mixture of sand and cement (5-15 cm), 2/3 of the height of the curb.
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The foundation is laid in - the layers holding the structure. At the bottom is placed sanding and crushed stone of medium fraction (up to 4 cm). On top of it lay a liquid sand-cement mixture in the ratio of 3: 1.
Blocks are placed on the liquid concrete (2/3 of the depth). After the concrete mixture hardens, the free space is filled with rubble and sand, the ground is laid on top.
Between curbstones compensating seams are left; This will help prevent cracks during shrinkage of the structure.
The corners and protrusions of the finished curb are polished .
If the soil in the area is stable and not prone to heaving, an alternative installation method can be used. Garden curb on simplified technology is placed where special reliability is not required - around a flower bed, flower garden, along a garden path. In this case, GOST provides the following procedure:
Markup is carried out, which allows you to lay blocks beautifully and correctly.
A trench is being dug out, a cushion of rubble at least 15 cm thick is laid on the bottom, the layer is compacted.
Install the blocks with checking the height of the tensioned thread. If necessary, the blocks are aligned in the horizontal and vertical planes; correctness is determined by the construction level.
The remaining free space in the trench is filled with rubble , the ground is laid on top.
A perfectly flat area is extremely rare, the tracks are laid according to the unevenness of the landscape. The installation technology has the following nuances:
The slope of the blocks copies the heights of the surrounding territory.
In a straight section , stacking blocks is carried out end-to-end.
If the track has a sharp turn, you need to trim the ends of the neighboring blocks. This ensures that the structural elements are precisely connected to each other.
If a staircase is constructed, the curbstone is mounted flush with paving slabs of steps. The curb, as a more massive piece, holds back the slide towards the slope.
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In order for the curbs to serve for a long time, not to crack, not to bend and not to shrink, they should be installed strictly according to the technology, in accordance with the norms of GOST 32961-2014.A quality team requires a team of several people. The cost of work depends on the price of building materials (for 1m 2 ) and the installation technology, which is chosen depending on the characteristics of the soil and topography. Also, the pricing is affected by the scope of work, non-standard territory (the number of corners and turns) and additional operations (delivery and unloading of the curb, cleaning the workplace from stones or grass, removal of soil).
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