Italian garden - the basic principles of creation

The article will talk about how a classic Italian garden can be, what basic principles are used to create it, what elements can be used to implement a modern project. Photos and videos will help to find ready-made solutions that can be used in the implementation of bold experiments.

Italian garden - the basic principles of creation

Manor, decorated in traditional Italian style

A bit of history

Today there are a large number of trends and styles, which landscape designers use to implement their projects. Many of them originated in the Middle Ages, but even now they retain their relevance. Such concepts are read a little differently, but the basic canons are still strictly adhered to.

Italian garden style is no exception. It originated in the Renaissance and became the basis for almost all classical concepts that appeared a little later. At its base, formed a French regular park, a strict English landscape.

Having a rich historical past and a very good geographical location, Italy gave the world a rich culture with beautiful traditions and customs. All the inhabitants of this sunny country treat them with special trepidation and try to carefully preserve for their descendants. Therefore, the creation of a garden in the Italian style requires the exact observance of all the basic canons. This applies not only to landscape design, but also to other areas of design, the implementation of which uses the described stylistic concept.

Italian garden - the basic principles of creation

Scenic Gardens of Tuscany

Traditional reading can be fashionable and modern, if you combine the best elements and basic principles of creating an Italian garden bet on ease and freedom. This concept is easiest to implement in large areas, but even in the most modest area, it is also possible to form separate bright compositions in which the spirit of the Italian style will be felt. To do this, you need to learn the basic principles of creating a direction and use the most common of its elements.

Base of Fundamental Rules

Skilful craftsmen of the Renaissance took the works of art of Ancient Rome as the basis for creating a new style. In those days, everything was subordinated to precise proportions, everything was built along strict lines, and what was used to help create a majestic image, in which magnificence and elegance were present.

For this, the main dominant of the garden was determined. Italians had a home. He becomes the central figure and the starting point for the development of further composition. The house can be located anywhere in the garden. But from its windows the park should be visible, it should be visible, in full view.

Italian garden - the basic principles of creation

The house is the main dominant of the garden

The correct relief was created, the level changed. Italy - a country that is located in a hilly area. In her gardens are divided on the slopes, the territory turns out to be heterogeneous. And this is also a tribute to established traditions. In ancient Rome, the nobility preferred to settle on rocky slopes. In them the slaves manually hollowed out the terraces and made access to the sea. The rich Romans admired beautiful views and enjoyed the local beauties.

To recreate an authentic garden, you also need to make open terraces, numerous passages, and make out descents from them using stone stairs. They can easily become a backdrop for a waterfall, with the help of them you can make niches and place garden statues in them. If the plot is flat, excavation work will take a lot of time, it will take a third of the total budget to complete it. But without them, nowhere.

Italian garden - the basic principles of creation

Stone terraces in the Italian garden
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Only a multilevel relief will make the garden open and accessible to a full view. Terraces and platforms may have a strict geometric shape, but current trends require that the lowest observation platform be in the shape of a semicircle. Then it easily turns into a viewing area, which offers a stunning view of the entire garden as a whole.

There is one central axis on a plot decorated in the style described. It passes through exactly half the house. On it you need to place fountains and ponds. Their presence is required. With the help of them the rhythm is set, the dynamics of the future landscape is determined.

Fountains and pools visually enlarge the space and give the garden a luxury. They must be at every level.From them perpendicularly diverge alleys, roads, adjacent to them open areas. On one site there may be a different set of described elements, but this is not necessary. This becomes possible if the area allows. Then the fountains are easy to combine with waterfalls. Beautifully look pools from which water flows from one to another.

Italian garden - the basic principles of creation

Water cascades in the Italian garden
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In addition to dynamics, water should also create a sound background, which calms well and causes a special feeling of tranquility. It will easily drown out the sounds of the street and emphasize the chamber nature of the inner space of the garden. On hot days, water will become a cool source.

Garden planning should be very simple. When forming it, it is necessary to take into account the principle of symmetry. One side of the garden, starting from the central axis, must exactly copy the second part.

It is important to put the maximum amount of natural light on the area. There are no giant trees that create a shadow, the bet is placed on open space. Alleyways, wide paths framing parterny lawns can penetrate it. They are arranged in a strictly geometric pattern. A low landing, decorated with artistic haircut, is surely planted along them. From the greenery, bosquets are created, in which a light white bench for rest or a sculpture of an ancient goddess hides.

Italian garden - the basic principles of creation

Straight tracks, strict symmetry
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A large amount of natural stone was used in the design of the garden. With the help of it, the paths and alleys are laid out, stairs are collected between the levels, all architectural landscape elements are framed, the framing of reservoirs is made of it. The stone is actively used for the decoration of the main central object - a residential building. In addition to it, set the benches and benches, vases. The stone helps to form a sense of solidity. And this is another give tradition.

A garden in the Italian style is a closed composition, an independent object, which is completely disconnected from the outside world (with nature around, with neighboring areas). Along the perimeter there are often trees in which the crown has a properly shaped form (pines, cypresses, spruces, thujas). There are no bright spots inside. Here you can rarely see flower beds. If they are, then these are limited plantings of roses, the buds of which have a soft pastoral color. Shaded corners are created by means of pergolas or arches entwined with waving cultures.

Italian garden - the basic principles of creation

Maximum open space inside and tall trees around the perimeter

Different rest areas can be scattered throughout the site. This may be a patio, organized under a pergola, twined with green lianas, or a courtyard formed near the artificially created ruins, an open terrace. It is considered necessary to have a nook in which you can sit with a book.

To create a garden in the Italian style, trees and shrubs are used that can be cut (laurel, boxwood, myrtle). With them, borders are created that frame the walkways, fences and walls. Topiary is often the only decoration. In this case, they are installed right in the middle of the parterre lawn. It is plants that help create a sense of greatness inherent in every Italian garden.

The video tells you how, using the basic principles, to make an Italian garden in your own garden:

This can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the rules for choosing ornamental grass for the garden.

Summary of the topic

The Italian-style garden is the progenitor of a regular park. Frustrated with all canons, it can easily turn into a work of art. It reveals the beauty of nature, framed by the hand of man. The principle of symmetry is taken as a basis, the layout is built in accordance with strict geometry, one central axis is necessarily present. She always passes through half a residential building.


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