The article will tell you what a dry stream is, what main functions this decorative element of the landscape carries, what materials and plants for this are best used, step-by-step technology for its construction. Having studied the material, you will know what to talk about with a landscape designer and craftsmen who have been entrusted to manufacture this element of the landscape on their own country site.
A modern device of a dry creek is an interpretation of Japanese stone gardens. Every inhabitant of the country of the Rising Sun is very kind to nature. It is elevated to the rank of a spiritual object and is part of the philosophies. Many, looking at beauty, learn to meditate and find answers to the questions of the universe. For these purposes, seven hundred years ago, small stone gardens were created, in which there were dry streams.
The contemplator could observe their course and imagine how it is about to begin to fill with water and turn into a deep river. Such illusions, psychologists say, are very useful in restoring emotional balance. A person, immersed in himself, has the opportunity to reflect on his life, analyze his actions and think out plans for the future. Over time, this idea of landscape design has become widespread in the West. Now it is being actively mastered in Russia.
Today is a dry stream in the landscape design helps to clearly distinguish between different functional areas, designate the center of the garden. It is able to act as a well for drainage, to be an element of the drainage system. Such a structure can become popular where there are deep crevices in the areas where meltwater flows into the spring. It is advisable to make brooks of stones where it is impossible to form a real reservoir on the site for any technical reasons.
Many, coming to the country, simply do not want to maintain the pumping equipment, clean these objects from sludge. All this is very laborious. In an artificial creek there is no need to constantly change the water, algae will not grow in it, covering the bottom of real water bodies.
A stale smell will not emanate from the object being described, on the contrary, if you correctly pick up the plants and plant them along its borders, it is not difficult to create flowering carpets that are fragrant with a pleasant delicate aroma. Around the dry creek will never gather clouds of mosquitoes, midges, dry creek in the country - a safe place for young children and animals.
Similar elements ideally fit into the design of any suburban area. They advantageously emphasize the advantages of the relief, the dignity of the chosen concept of the landscape. With them, you can successfully hide the drain pits or sewer manholes.
There are different types of performance. Choosing a particular object, it is easy to create unique elements, to realize their most diverse fantasies, because for this there are various materials and plants.
Make a decorative stream can be anywhere: in the shade of plants, on the sunny side, on the hill, inside the hollow. But in order to describe the object looked organic, you must use the following tips:
Choosing the size of an artificial reservoir , you must consider the area of the site. If it is large, you can create not only flowing rivers, but also large lakes.
By creating forms, you can visually change the space of the garden : on a long stretched area a round lake will help to divide and make two different zones of the same shape. A meandering stream will visually lengthen a wide area.
Defining the geometry of a dry water reservoir , designers sometimes create one channel or several sleeves, with the help of a pebble stone they try to recreate streams of boiling water embracing islands of rocky stones. Such techniques always look the most impressive.
Indicating the form of the described landscape object, it is necessary to remember that how the real river spreads. If you change the width of the channel in different areas, it will be possible to achieve the greatest naturalness. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the element described has clear compositional structures. It consists of two elements: the source and the mouth.
The source recommends placing the source on a small hill. This technique will allow you to form the center of the future composition.It looks beautiful when an artificial stream originates from a rock or a hill of large stones of irregular shape or from a grotto, at the creation of which the human hand is felt. When you create it, you can use the simplest methods: to put together from pebbles of a well, various powders, resembling a waterfall cliff.
Mouth - an imitation of a place where a stream flows into a small lake. It looks very nice when large large plants (ferns, astilbe, hosts) are planted at the end of an artificial stream. With the help of them creates the illusion that the water flow is hidden under them and goes somewhere to infinity.
Can dry stream on the site go under the fence. It is also capable of being the symbolic end of a stream of stone. If there is a decorative fountain or a natural stream in the territory of the dacha, designers willingly use it and combine two objects together. To do this, they use the same elements (similar types of finishes, the same plants). The overall composition looks very decorative.
There is no clear breakdown into separate varieties. The key role is played by the flight of fancy, but experts still distinguish three types that can be taken as the basis of performance.
A meandering water . Its breakdown implies the presence of one channel, which in different areas narrows and expands, somewhere around some islands. The creation of such an object implies the most accurate imitation of the river movement. This type of dry stream is best suited for large areas.
Branched channel . This is a complex design. It must be carefully thought out at the planning stage of landscape design. It involves the creation of several streams, connecting at one point, and then again diverging in different directions. If climatic conditions suggest the presence of a large amount of precipitation, it is better to create such an object from pebbles: sandy rivers will quickly be washed away by rain.
Cascades and waterfalls . To create such an embodiment, you must have a hill. It is necessary to have the source on it, and then from it to lead the main stream.
The simplicity of the structure combined with an excellent result, the absence of sick financial cost, the lack of complex care explains why the popularity of such objects is growing steadily around the world.
The process of creating the described element of landscape design is simple. Many design companies and architectural bureaus offer to implement it today. We offer you to familiarize yourself with the step-by-step instructions¸ which will allow you to avoid the most common mistakes and improve the quality of the finished result.
Beforehand, you need to draw the contours of the future object. For these purposes, take the sand and using it make a markup on the site. In order for a dry stream in the landscape design of the villa to look as natural as possible, it is important to avoid clear geometric lines.
River pebbles, marble chips or small gravel are best suited to imitate the surface of the water. Today, such databases are available in different color varieties. Pebbles can be gray-blue or beige, gravel blue-green or blue, marble silver or white. Looks great objects, the creation of which used different combinations.
There are professional tricks that can be taken as a basis. Designers are advised to use pebbles or light-colored crumbs to create rapids and shallows, a blue stone deposit for deep whirlpools, gray pebbles for a “running bed”. If you drive the stones with a rake, you can create light wave irregularities. To guide the movement of an artificial stream will help stones, rocks of different shapes. Around them, designers sometimes create "whirlwinds". They are formed with the help of smooth large pebbles laid out on the edge.
Pebbles and stones are stained before laying. If for these purposes you choose a moisture-resistant paint, you will create the effect of water flickering, if the varnish, you get a wet effect. When an atomizer is used for this, the work becomes less labor-intensive. Melted glass looks very beautiful, laid out on top of the stone base of the stream.
After the material has been purchased and brought in, the bulk of the work is started. In the first place create a stream bed. On the lines outlined from the sand along the entire length of the stream, a trench is dug 30 cm deep. The foundation is carefully tamped down and geotextiles are laid on the bottom.Its use will prevent the germination of grass, as well as significantly facilitate the process of caring for a new garden object. It is not necessary to fill the bottom with cement: this will immediately increase the estimate, in the future will create problems with the redevelopment of the site.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer construction services of small architectural forms . Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Begin to create a stream from the edges: the coastline is formed with the help of large cobblestones. They will be a backup for the inner edges. Immediately laid and thresholds. It is better to collect them from the flat stones put on an edge. It is desirable for the designated purposes to use the material light shade. After empty seats fall asleep with small pebbles or stone chips.
Pay attention! If the stream will be operated as a drainage system, the stones must be fixed with the help of a concrete solution, do not lay geotextiles on the bottom. Otherwise, the water will quickly wash away the man-made brook, or it will turn into a swamp puddle.
The video shows how to build the simplest dry stream with a wooden bridge:
Without green spaces Man-made brook will not look full. Therefore, stony shores need to be framed with plants. Designers recommend for this to use those that are associated with the element of water. It can be a creeping zhivuchka, blue fescue, obrietta, nazabodnochnik large-leaved Shore draw any stunted shrubs. Lower tier flowering plants. The main composition should be in such a way that it, growing, does not close the stream itself.
Such compositions invariably become the center of the landscape. Here you can turn on your fantasy to the fullest and do whatever you want. If you choose plenty of flowering plants with blue, blue or lilac buds, you can create cool streams of water. Best of all for these purposes is suitable loberia, Portenshlag's bell, gray-fawn or lavender fescue.
White flowers (alissium, carnation, grass, nivniak), if planted near large stones, will allow light foam to be formed. What effect you can achieve with this will be demonstrated by the following photo.
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The streams of their colors are an opportunity to experiment at the dacha. It can be changed every year with a different fit. You can even think of seasonal content. At the same time there is always the possibility to change the course of the stream. For this you just need to plant flowers where you want.
Ready ideas for creating streams of flowers in a video:
Already ready object can be further decorated with wooden bridges , stone slabs, thrown across the riverbed. Picturesquely look garden sculptures, placed along the creek, street lanterns. They bring a touch of romance, allow you to create an atmosphere of special comfort in the evening.
Any element of landscape design requires care. Stone stream is no exception. To maintain an attractive appearance, some work needs to be done. They are as follows.
It is important not to allow excessive dryness of the soil throughout the man-made brook. The accumulation of stones forms a special microclimate, so that plants can comfortably exist in it, it is necessary to water the stream with water.
In order for the new element of the landscape not to be covered with a weed cover , it is necessary to periodically pull out weeds, freeing plantings from dry grass, from faded buds. It is important to regulate the height of the planted plants, try not to allow them to grow strongly.
Experts recommend to keep track of insects , do not allow ants to build their houses under stones. They are the most common problem in artificially created landscapes. Insects gradually destroy man-made objects. They prefer to equip their homes under large boulders, so they should be systematically lifted and inspected. If this is not done, very soon islands of loose sand will appear in a stream of stone.
Several ready-made ideas of a dry stream in the video:
Certain forces will require care associated with the change of seasons. In early spring, the soil around the stream is useful to loosen and fertilize, then the whole warm period will actively grow greens.At the end of the summer you will have to clean the creek from dry foliage, in the winter to insulate the plantings that are afraid of frost.
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A stream of stone is a structure that will invariably become the center of the local area. It can cause admiration, but only if it is properly cared for. If you want to create something similar in your country house, you should not postpone it. This article will help to realize the dream, and the photo and video materials attached to it will clearly demonstrate how simple and easy it is to create an object of this kind. The main thing, as practice shows, is not to restrain imagination. Unleash the designer, let him do it.