Garage lighting is the most important component of its comfortable use. After reading the article, you will learn what types of lighting exist, what factors influence the choice of lamps and how an autonomous system works without electricity.
Go to the garage over a set reasons and at different times. But in any case, every time you visit the premises, you must be well oriented in space and see all the elements.
To create high-quality lighting, consider the following factors:
Room parameters (height, area, width);
Finishing material ;
Location of the work area ;
Required lighting power per 1 sq. m;
Type of lamps
There are also many technical characteristics that an electrician takes into account when laying wiring. A competent lighting project should comply with the following indicators:
Low power consumption;
Long service life;
Uniform distribution of light .
The most difficult and important factor is to ensure an adequate level of security. All wires must be grounded, properly insulated and protected from contact with the owners. Violation of at least one of the rules can lead to electrical injury or death of a person.
Many factors depend on the type of light bulb: power consumption, lighting efficiency, color tone. For different working areas it is advisable to use different types of lamps.
On our website you can find the contacts of construction companies that offer electrical services for any complexity turnkey. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
The most outdated design of lamps is incandescent lamps. The principle of operation is based on the high resistance of the tungsten coil: during operation, a lot of heat is released, and only a small part of the energy goes into the formation of light. The average service life is 1000 hours, which is several times less than that of other types of lamps.
The main disadvantages of incandescent lamps are:
Short life (1000 hours);
Light yellow and red hues;
Spend a lot electricity - low efficiency. .
It is now unprofitable to use incandescent bulbs for lighting in the garage, as they spend an order of magnitude more electricity to get the same amount of light.
The principle of operation is close to the incandescent lamp, except that the cavity of the flask is filled with bromine or iodine vapor. As a result of a chemical reaction, a tungsten filament emits more heat and light. The average lifetime of a similar design is 2000 hours, or 4000 hours at best.
Note! Bromine is a poisonous gas, so when breaking a flask, you must leave the room and ventilate it thoroughly until all the harmful vapors have weathered.
But the following disadvantages are present:
The presence of ultraviolet radiation;
Noticeable emission heat;
Poisonous vapors in the flask;
You can not touch;
Short service life .
A feature of halogen lamps is a complete ban on touching the glass of the flask with your bare hands. Even on clean skin there are droplets of fat secreted by sweat glands. Fat destroys the glass of the lamp when it is heated, the flask bursts and this leads to the release of toxic fumes. Therefore, all work with halogen lamps is carried out only in clean gloves. If the flask is still in contact with hands, then the glass should be thoroughly wiped with an alcohol solution.
are additionally used in the halogen structure. This can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the rules governing how far from the fence you can build a garage.
The luminescence of fluorescent luminaires is due to the internal surface of the flask being treated with phosphor. After the circuit is closed inside the bulb, an arc discharge occurs, under the action of a chemical reaction, the luminescent compound begins to glow.To extend the lamp life, the inside of the bulb is filled with one of the inert gases.
Service life - 8000 hours;
Allocates a little heat;
Requires special disposal;
Low power consumption .
For garages, models with a ceiling of protection class IP-65 are used, they are protected from dust and moisture.
The best choice is LED lamps for the garage. Their luminescence is provided by much more complex physical processes. Luminous flux occurs at the point of contact between two substances from dissimilar materials after passing an electric current.
Environmentally and safely;
Low energy consumption;
Service life - 50,000 hours ;
Bright light .
LEDs win on all technical indicators from competitors. A noticeable disadvantage is the high purchase price, but they are justified by a long service life and economy. Initial costs are repaid within 1 year of service due to significant energy savings and minimal maintenance costs.
Details about the installation and features of LED lamps in the video:
Each type of fixture has its own advantages and disadvantages. We recommend to follow the following recommendations:
LEDs - suitable for any type of room. If possible, buy LED lamps.
Luminescent models are used in heated rooms.
Halogen bulbs generate a lot of heat. Therefore, they can be used in unheated garages, they will illuminate and warm the room in cold weather.
Standard incandescent lamps are not recommended. Although they are cheap, they consume 10 times more electricity and have a lower service life.
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about heating the garage.
There are 2 types of lighting:
General . Sources of general lighting should be placed in such a way that an extra shadow does not form.
Pinpoint . It is used to illuminate individual elements: a work machine, a tool shelf, a car bottom, an inspection pit.
Proper combination allows you to correctly distribute the emphasis on the most important details (tools, machines, parts) and hide the secondary ones.
Note! The best method of positioning the lamps is to place the devices on the ceiling, in the viewing pit and dotted above the working tools.
If necessary repair or replace the parts of the chassis, then it often has to climb under the bottom of the car. When thinking about the lighting for the garage, you need to take care of arranging the inspection pit separately, because under the car it is difficult to consider something without a source of light.
Light sources should be positioned in such a way as to meet the following requirements:
Fully illuminate the bottom of the machine;
Have enough brightness;
Do not blind a person;
Avoid shadows .
It should be noted that a person moves a lot in the viewing pit and can accidentally touch a light fixture. Therefore, based on the specification of the place, it is advisable to use LED panels here. They are not heated, safe and provide an adequate level of brightness. If you use incandescent bulbs - you can burn yourself when touched.
Note! It is necessary to place the lighting devices around the perimeter of the pit to illuminate the periphery of the bottom and to send 1-2 lamps to the center to illuminate the main elements.
If the garage is located away from the house, then you need to take care of the organization of autonomous light in the garage.
Car owners may well have a spare 12 volt car battery. Its voltage is enough to power the LED strip. It will not be possible to illuminate all the premises qualitatively, but this will be quite enough for independent lighting of the desktop and viewing pit for a couple of hours.
It might be interesting! In the article on The following link reads about the house from the living room "in the underground" and the garage on the roof.
If you have to work regularly in the garage, but it cannot be connected to the general system, then it will be rational to buy an independent generator and be powered from it.
There are also more exotic solutions, such as solar panels. But the cost of their arrangement makes such sources of electricity at least inappropriate. Moreover, they are suitable only for servicing the light bulb, and if you need a welding machine or at least a Bulgarian, then you cannot do without a generator.
For convenient check-in at night, the owners arrange the lighting in front of the garage. It is mainly used to illuminate doors and gates, and also has a decorative function. To save energy - install a motion sensor or photo relay before entering. They will automatically turn on and off the bulbs.
Read more about how to arrange a good, low-cost lighting for the garage and workshop in the video:
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about projects of houses with a garage.
It will take a little time to install lighting fixtures. Experts will cope with the work within 1-7 days. After completion of the work, the car owner will be able to comfortably repair his favorite equipment without additional worries.