Not every suburban area boasts proximity to a centralized sewage system, and not everywhere it is economically justified. The article describes the electric toilet to give, the types of structures and their device. You will learn about the advantages, disadvantages and principle of operation of electric models; get acquainted with the review of characteristics and selection criteria.
Dry closet of any design is a popular alternative to a regular toilet tied to to the sewer. In different models, autonomous operation is provided in various ways; All variety of designs is divided into compost (composting), chemical (liquid) and electric dry closets. In many cases, there is no such thing as plumbing that does not require connection to the sewage system and water supply system: on the organization of a stationary toilet.
During construction or large-scale reconstruction of a country house.
When caring for a sick or elderly person.
When going to nature (in a mobile home).
If the section has a high level of groundwater , which does not allow to equip an ordinary septic tank.
In a small area , where it is impossible to maintain the sanitary norms between buildings and an ordinary septic tank.
In a free-standing bath , in a house on the water, in a workshop or garage.
The visually electrical version is not much different from liquid models, but in the constructive part there are features In order for the unit to function properly, it needs an electrical connection and the installation of forced ventilation.
Among other mobile modifications, an electric toilet for a dacha is rightfully considered to be a technological leader, in whose work a technological chain of several operations is involved. By the principle of operation, such devices can be divided into two groups:
Composting toilets . A variety of products operating on the principle of peat toilets: waste is divided into solid and liquid fractions and processed separately. The design is supplied with forced ventilation (compressor) and an electric heater, which creates an optimal operating temperature for drying. The recycled product can be used to produce compost.
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Electric Toilets with Alternative Waste Treatment . The last word among environmentally friendly devices. The liquid fraction is drained through the drainage system, and the solid waste is incinerated or (a more exotic option) is frozen.
Electrical liquid-free devices can boast the following positive qualities:
Autonomous operation . Work does not require additional materials (chemical reagents, peat), and water is not needed for recycling, as other types of devices.
Simple cleaning . Waste takes up little space, which allows cleaning the chamber several times a year (once every two to three months, depending on the model of the dry closet).
Environmental friendliness . In the disposal of waste chemical consumables are not used, recycled products can be used on site as any organic fertilizer.
Aesthetics . Electric toilets are compact, and many models are very ergonomic and easy to use. Due to the forced exhaust no odors.
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The disadvantages of operation include the following factors:
Features of the work . The unit should not be used without arranging the forced exhaust, as is, of course, without power supply. Among other things, the toilet operates only at a positive temperature. Such restrictions imply stationary use and the allocation of a separate room.
High cost .The basic model with a heating element will cost $ 800-1,000, more complex devices cost one and a half to two times more expensive. This is the main reason that the electric toilets, popular in Europe and Japan, can not adequately compete with chemical or compost analogues.
About the operation of the Cinderella electric dry closet in the following video:
Device and the operation of the electric dry closet can be represented as follows:
The case is equipped with a tank located under the seat, a compressor and heating elements. For operation, a standard voltage of 220 V is necessary.
Features of use . The waste separation design can in most cases be used only when seated (although rare exceptions exist). The rule applies to both female and male users, which last seems not very convenient.
The tank consists of two tanks intended for liquid and solid fractions.
The built-in forced ventilation system compressor removes odors.
The drainage system removes liquid waste; there is no drain tank - it is not needed.
The heating elements dry the solid fractions, reducing them in volume.
Some types of dry closets are arranged as an improvised incinerator. In the combustion chamber all waste (including paper) is turned into ashes. After 40-60 minutes after the start of the disposal process, the amount of ash in the bottom tray is minimal in volume and weight.
Power consumption of the electric toilet to give small and on average from 30 to 300 W / h (the variation depends on the model and mode of operation). Many units function successfully when connected to the vehicle’s on-board network (12 V).
A toilet with a freezing effect is an even more exotic phenomenon that many people don’t even know exist. Such units also do not need water or chemical reagents and operate from the electrical grid. The features of the "freezers" include the following structural details:
Principle of operation . No different from the usual work of the refrigerator. Waste enters cumulative capacity and is frozen in a special package. Frozen bags enter the drive, where they are stored at minus temperatures.
With this method of disposal there is no smell , thanks to which the bio-toilet can be installed in any corner of the house (which is especially convenient when caring for a sick person).
Disposal . Frozen briquettes can be immediately sent to the compost - low temperatures kill the microflora, and the shell decomposes without residue.
It might be interesting! In the article next read the link about a septic tank for summer cottage with off-season accommodation.
Pros of technology . The seat of such a toilet is equipped with heating, and the unit itself, when it is frozen, transfers heat to the air, making (albeit minimal) a contribution to the heating of the room. In terms of energy consumption, the appliance is comparable to a conventional refrigerator.
Minuses . The owners of such a technological miracle will have to constantly worry about the availability of expensive consumables - imported packages. The disadvantage may be the need for frequent emptying of the drive, which has a small volume.
Electric toilets are attractive because they allow you to use urban comfort far from the benefits of civilization. In the Russian market models of the Norwegian and Swedish production are widespread; in order for the acquisition of an aggregate to bring maximum benefit, it is important to choose the most suitable model, and for this it is necessary to understand how the devices differ from each other. Different product variants can be compared according to the following criteria:
The dimensions of the device are , its weight and the height of the seat. Dimensions can reach 66h65h81sm (height-length-width) and weight in 27-30 kg, although there are more compact options.
About the operation of the electric dry closet SEPARETT 9011 villa in the following video:
Use . For trouble-free operation with the parameters declared by the manufacturer, it is important to understand how many people a particular model is designed for (with constant and non-constant use). The criterion can be the volume of the composting chamber.
Cost . One of decisive parameters.
Equipment . As a rule, the kit includes a fan, thermostat and heating elements.For some models, an additional child seat is available.
Cost-effective use . Power consumption is estimated by the technical characteristics of the fan (approximately 20-25 W) and the heating element (350 W). It is desirable that the bio-toilet was equipped with several modes of operation (to adjust the operation of the fan and supply heat to the heating elements). This will help save electricity.
Connection Features . Different models have installation-influencing design features that should be clarified before purchase.
Availability of spare parts . Some models are equipped with additional adapter sleeves and rubber sealing rings. Also included may be a protective steel insect screen for the ventilation pipe.
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The variety of models of electric dry closets in the domestic market is increasing year by year. Users of such devices note the ease of installation, all steps of which are described in detail in the instructions. Using the unit does not cause difficulties, ventilation works quietly and efficiently, there are no smells. Thanks to the positive feedback on work that does not require a centralized sewage system, the demand for this, yet not very common product, is constantly growing.
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