The article describes how the construction of the dacha plot is carried out, how this process begins, how zoning is performed, lighting is implemented and plants are planted. When fulfilling the goals set, one should be guided by the choice of a certain thematic concept.
In order not to spend extra money on rework , it is necessary to understand from the very beginning that the arrangement of the site is a long and laborious process. It is necessary to approach it comprehensively, trying to simultaneously solve several problems at once.
At first, experts recommend to think carefully and determine what function the dacha will perform, what it is for the family: a place of rest, summer living or a springboard for growing garden plants. It is necessary to understand how many people will permanently live in it, how old these people are, what interests they have. It is useful to interview everyone in advance and write down all the available wishes on a separate piece of paper. In this way, it is possible to compile a list of necessary objects that need to find a place in the garden plot.
When all this is fixed on paper, you can start preparing the project. At the initial stage, the alignment of the local area is made. If necessary, the drainage system is immediately settled. If the area has a large elevation difference, it must be beaten when landscaping. Build in advance support racks, equip them with storm drains.
In parallel, excavate where there will be an artificial reservoir. Immediately carried out and tracing future tracks and entrances. Temporary territories are being prepared, in which the necessary building materials will be stored later.
It is better to entrust the construction of pavilions, outbuildings, lawn laying, fence installation to professionals. They should after the completion of the main stage to organize the removal of construction waste. The owners, in turn, can and should oversee the quality of the work performed, which, by the way, are not cheap. But it is better to pay the masters once, than to constantly redo something. The experience of self-improvement of the site of a country house shows that the average man in the street cannot take into account all the nuances of competent preparation of the land for the implementation of landscape design. Lack of professional knowledge leads to common mistakes. Their correction significantly increases the final estimate of the project.
Installing a fence is a necessity that will help protect the cottage from uninvited guests. In order to increase safety, experts recommend to make high deaf fences right away, to use any available materials for this, and then decorate them additionally from the inside with the help of the same landscaping.
When the draft has been completed, it is necessary to lay cables and install lighting. Planting a garden is the final stage of arranging a plot of a country house. It will last as long as the owners use the local area. Much in this matter depends on their taste preferences. For some, in the first place will be a fruit garden, for someone a vegetable garden and greenhouse. There is a category of persons for whom going out of town is associated with both rest and relaxation. It will be easier for them to break a lawn and plant flowers in flowerbeds.
By picking up a list and a plan of land, you need to make a general layout plan on site and only then begin to design individual elements of the garden. There are no general tips here. Each project is individual. A large role is played by the size of the site, its configuration, the level of groundwater on it, the type and composition of the soil. However, to simplify the task, the area is divided first into three zones.
The first one is a place for a house and other buildings. It is desirable for the economic unit to use the northern diagonal line and along it is very compact to build a barn, a bathhouse, a wood sink, a garage and a parking lot. This approach allows you to increase the area under the arrangement of the remaining zones, as well as save on the laying of utilities.
The second is the garden, virgin nature or vegetable garden area. It may not have clear structural boundaries. Trees, shrubs and ground cover plants can be planted anywhere. But in order for the garden not to look chaotic, it needs to be divided by paths. To tie up the main buildings with them and beat the chosen style.
The third is the space for rest.It can be formed by the construction of a separate gazebo, a summer terrace near the entrance of the house. At the site it is easy to equip a children's playground, make a bridge over the pond and put a bench there. Here, a lot depends on the features of the land plot and on the material capabilities of the owners themselves. It's easier and cheaper to make a paved place somewhere, put up a tent and use it during the warm part of the season. It will easily become a portable grill.
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It is an integral part of the arrangement of the local area. Properly organized lighting performs several functions at once:
Illuminates resting areas , paths, water bodies, creates safe conditions for movement at night and provides the ability to perform any works
Indicates zones that are in demand in the evening or pose a threat to hosts and guests (wells, gates, entrances, steps). Usually for the designated purposes are used luminous columns with autonomous power supply or lamps on solar batteries.
Places certain accents, highlighting individual elements of landscape design, is used only for aesthetic purposes.
Provides bright illumination of the entire area in case of unauthorized entry. Usually it works in two modes: in the guard and in the duty. The first is triggered by motion sensors (including bright spotlights). The second provides minimal illumination of the main functional areas.
Supports the light and thermal regime in greenhouses, in greenhouses, in rooms where animals live.
When creating a lighting project, you can use all of these elements or compose individual views. The scheme is developed before the start of landscaping.
Their choice should be guided by the stylistic concept of landscape gardening. Traditionally in our geographical area for planting in the country used certain types of plants. It is through them that experienced designers realize the chosen direction.
In almost any areas, in any kind of soil in the shade and in the sun, bulbous grow well.
Near the reservoir in wet soil bog plants are doing fine.
For arranging flower beds and alpine slides, it is better to use plants that are often grown in room conditions .
They feel good in open ground biennials .
Annuals are planted in the form of seedlings, they die after flowering and ripening seeds.
Perennial herbalists are well suited for gardening borders.
Roses - decoration of any garden.
Of the large plants, our climate is perfectly tolerated by the barberry, Chinese Schizandra . Many species of ordinary thuja, combining them, it is easy to create beautiful evergreen compositions. On the plot you can plant maples, fruit trees. They also perfectly decorate the landscape. Unpretentious rhubarb helps to close open bald spots. You can try for decorative purposes to use lovage. How and where to plant them, prompts the general thematic concept of the garden.
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There are various options for arranging a section of a country house. It will be easier to implement your plans if you know in advance which thematic direction to take as a basis. The most decorative look the following styles.
It is more suitable for those who love order and control, those who have no place for spontaneity and negligence in life. The implementation of a similar concept of arrangement of the local area involves the observance of three basic principles:
a clear plan and careful zoning;
symmetry in everything and the strictest geometry;
rationality , expressed through pompousness and theatricality.
Despite the external complexity, creating such a landscape design is easier than other stylistic concepts. And all because there are clear, time-honored techniques. The basis of the future composition is the axis of symmetry.It begins at the entrance gate and divides the space of the local area into two parts. In the center of each square or rectangular lawn. In the center of a flower bed with flowers or sculpture.
Mandatory presence of a green maze, a small body of water or a fountain. The main rhythm sets the central alley and side tracks. All of them must have strictly straight lines, they must all be duplicated symmetrically. Family recreation area is located on the ground in front of the house. Playground, BBQ, outbuildings should be hidden behind the main residential building. In no case should they be viewed from the entrance gate and from the central alley.
The main measure of this concept is impeccable taste. The basis is the natural landscape. After processing, it should look well-groomed and orderly. To implement the goals chosen free planning. It lacks strict lines and asymmetric elements. The landscape turns out open, its borders as much as possible merge with the surrounding nature. The presence of perfectly groomed lawns is welcome. They do not require additional decoration, are in themselves the central objects of decoration.
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The tracks are laid out of stones. There is a natural water reservoir or a creek disguised as grass, inconspicuous garden forms, light furniture, bright well-groomed mixborders, in which flowers characteristic of this geographical area are planted. The garden fence should be hidden by Spider-Roses or branched shrubs. If the construction of the suburban area construction of hozblok or repair of the facade of a residential house are parallel to each other, you can stylize the structure. Then the overall picture will look as a whole.
Much attention should be paid to the design of the entrance group, to make a portico with columns, at least part of the walls to close paneled with natural stone or burnt brick, or create a green carpet of plants that gently wraps the walls of the house. You can also replace the roof with green tile.
The video shows which accents should be paid attention to in order to equip the cottage in the English style:
Arrangement such a garden implies a serious intervention in nature. For the implementation of this direction are suitable dacha plots with a completely clean house territory, where there are no landings. Ideal for the improvement of a small earthy plot is Chinese style. In the Land of the Rising Sun, gardeners compete in the ability to create the illusion of infinite space within one small area.
In order for everything to work out, you need to form a center and build on it. In the case of the Chinese style, it must be a source of water. It can be a reservoir with low banks without lining or a wide stream with a calm slow flow. Stone I of Chinese mythology is the personification of the male principle. Beautiful cobblestones from them - living creatures. They worship them, talk to them. Therefore, such a natural material must be used in the garden. Mountains are built from stones at the reservoir. From granite going paths, platforms. It is used in the construction of small bridges.
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The Chinese garden should be beautiful at any time of the year, therefore, the choice of plants should be treated very responsibly. As a rule, here too there is a reception of a single center, around which the main action is played. As it can act a tree (pine, cherry or plum) with a twisted trunk. It should grow against the background of ornamental grasses or grassy perennials. Traditional in our understanding of lawns should not be. Bonsai and flower beds, formed from chrysanthemums, hydrangeas, roses and peonies, are widely used.
An example of how this can be implemented at home will show the video:
It is the least suitable for arranging a plot of a country house, but knowing where to start, you can endlessly experiment in such an unusual direction. His main concept is maximum convenience and minimalism in embodiment. In such a landscape should not be anything extra. A lot of light and open space are welcome.
The style is formed not with the help of plants, but with the help of accessories placed on the site. This may be garden furniture, plant supports, unusual space structures instead of gazebos. All of these materials are made of metal, glass or plastic. They should not be much. If there is a desire to create a reservoir, then its banks need to be poured with concrete.
What tricks you can still use while doing this, tell the following video:
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Only by properly planning the local area, having thought out in advance where it will be located and grow, you can create a cozy space in which you can comfortably relax after working days. To simplify the solution of the task, it is useful to pre-select the thematic concept of the future garden and, based on it, create landscape gardening.