The modern construction market is rich in materials, among which even demanding customers will find the right product for themselves. An excellent option for the construction of steel ceramsite blocks. Warm and dense, durable and resistant to serious geological and climatic changes, they became a godsend for the construction of residential buildings. The material has many advantages, so its popularity is increasing every year, especially if you consider that, for example, a country house from claydite-concrete blocks will be released relatively inexpensively.
Ceramsite-concrete blocks are building materials made by vibropressing claydite (raw material in the form of small balls, obtained as a result of clay firing) with concrete solution. It is expanded clay that makes the weight of the blocks less compared to materials that include concrete and rubble.
The complete block composition includes:
All components of the composition are mixed in a certain proportion. It depends on proportions the density of blocks , which, in turn, affects the functional characteristics of the finished raw material. Thus, more dense blocks have greater strength, and therefore are used for load-bearing walls, and claydite-concrete with a lower density is used to erect internal partitions or a ventilation system.
Ceramsite concrete blocks.
The technology for manufacturing claydite-concrete blocks consists of several stages and requires the manufacturer to strictly follow the proportions and rules of the production process:
Components that are required for the creation of expanded clay concrete are available, and the production technology is very simple, therefore the construction of houses from expanded clay concrete blocks is widespread in Russia.
A claydite house with decoration.
The ratio of advantages and disadvantages of this material is unequal - there are more advantages, but it’s worth noting that the disadvantages are quite significant and you shouldn’t close your eyes to them.
If we talk about positive qualities of claydite-concrete, we can distinguish the following:
A house made of expanded clay at the final stage of construction.
Despite all the advantages, the material is not deprived of and minuses. Among them:
Ceramsite concrete blocks, like any building material, have their pros and cons, so the possibility of using them for building a country house depends on the specific conditions of construction and operation of the erected structure.
Construction of a claydite concrete house.
The construction of any structure, whether it is a bath or a house of claydite-concrete blocks, has characteristic features that are worth paying attention to. They relate to the construction of the foundation, masonry walls, installation of the roof, finishing works.
Foundation. Due to the ease of expanded clay, the buildings from it do not require a very strong foundation, and the choice of the foundation depends mainly on the features of the terrain and the ground on the site.
Masonry walls. When erecting walls, it is necessary to use reinforcement and remember that the construction will be durable only when the faces of the blocks of each next row are perpendicularly located with respect to the edges of the previous one (blocks must be laid strictly in a checkerboard pattern).
Masonry is usually started from the corner, gradually moving along the perimeter of the future structure. For bonding individual blocks, cement-sand mixture is used with a layer of 2-4 cm.
Roof mounting. The type of roof suitable for construction is indicated in the design of the house in advance. This can be either a simple gable (gable) or a multi-tong (multi-sloped) roof of the desired shape. Material for the roof, you can choose any, but most often for the house of claydite used tile.
First the truss structure is installed, then the roofing material is attached to it.
The truss system is a roof frame consisting of truss beams (they perform the carrier function of the whole structure and are responsible for the angle of the roof), power plate (the element that serves as the support of the structure along the perimeter fixed truss beams) and vertical pillars (they protect the entire frame from deflection).
The exterior exterior of the claydite concrete house.
The facade finish is a procedure necessary for the durability of the structure and ensuring its aesthetic appearance. For lining of claydite-concrete blocks, you can use plaster, brick, marble, natural stone, slabs, panels of various types, mosaic materials. You can use any finishing materials, the main thing is that they provide walls with reliable protection from moisture, otherwise water will get into the blocks, and they will eventually crack.
When calculating construction costs, the price of all work and materials should be taken into account. This is especially true of finishing, because many developers leave the purchase of finishing materials for the last moment, and as a result, the customer receives a much larger amount than expected.
What exactly the amount will be in the end depends on many of the nuances of the work and the preferences of the customer, but the average cost of building a private single-story house of claydite-concrete blocks is 15-20 thousand rubles per square meter.
Ceramsite concrete blocks are environmentally friendly material that is easy to work with. It is well formed and easily amenable to mechanical stress. Walls of lightweight aggregate blocks are well adapted to critical weather conditions and temperature changes. By value, claydite concrete also benefits from other building materials. All these aspects make it a very popular raw material for the construction of country houses, cottages, bathhouses, various auxiliary buildings.
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