Even a modest building, but with a stone-trimmed facade, attracts the eyes of passersby. Such decor can emphasize the lifestyle and style of the owner of the house, creating an atmosphere of luxury and presentable. When the natural material is not affordable, then artificial stone for the facade of the house can come to the rescue. Being a full-fledged replacement for the natural, such a fake has, practically, all the characteristics, like the present. The article contains information about the types of artificial stone, their advantages and disadvantages. You can also draw a few design tips using stone and features of its installation.
The artificial stone is a generic name. It applies to different types of materials. The most widespread production of decorative panels of Portland cement. To imitate various natural stones, special additives are added to it. The style most often used is natural stone masonry.
There are also other materials from which the panels are made:
Clinker . Only conditionally can be attributed to the artificial stone, since the panel imitates clinker bricks. Since the product in appearance is not different from the present, it is used when you need to reduce the load on the foundation.
Ceramic . For the product is used burnt clay, which is well imitated by natural stone. The material is durable and well resistant to precipitation and temperature extremes.
Porcelain stoneware . Tile for the facade with a smooth (matte or glossy) surface can have any color shade. Excellent against any natural aggression. Requires installation on klyymery.
Cast stone . It has a wide scope and front panels, it is only one of them. For the production of taking a mixture of marble chips, polyester resin and quartz sand. Adding special additives, the solution is poured into forms. When cured it turns out durable material that resists abrasion.
Fiber Cement . One of the new products, which, due to its high cost, does not advance well in the market. But the reinforcement of the cement mortar with cellulose fibers makes the material particularly durable and resistant to temperature changes. In addition, such panels are easily mounted.
Polymer . Attitude to the artificial stone are only due to external similarities.
Important! To avoid confusion, you should consult with an expert in advance about the name and composition of materials.
By popularity, the front facing stone, as a means of decorating facades, is in second place, immediately behind the plaster. But unlike the latter, such treatment of the walls allows them to stand for much longer.
On our site you can familiarize yourself with the most popular projects "small forms" for a private house - from construction companies represented at the exhibition of houses "Low-Rise Country".
But as for the eternal dispute over the cladding material, each camp has its own reasons. Fans of natural stone will talk about the natural beauty and nobility of the material. For such a category of people, simply knowing that the house is lined with an expensive, real stone makes it more significant and even more valuable.
Others can determine their choice when they find out that a single delivery of natural material can more than cover the entire cost of facing a house. But if we talk about technical parameters, then both materials are equal.
All of the above types have common characteristics that create the backbone of advantages:
The material has a wide choice of texture and color range.
High indicators of strength and resistance to various external influences.
Resistance to water.
The material does not allow the fire to spread. From here high fire safety .
Ecological cleanliness , both at a natural stone, and at an artificial.
Additional sound and heat insulation at home.
Because of for the possibility to mount the panels in different ways, you can make the facade with natural ventilation .
The material is well resists wear and has a long service life.
There are no negative sides:
Some species still have a lot of weight .
One method of installation requires the use of wet solutions .
High cost .
A good expert will tell you what kind of front stone for exterior home decoration to buy and how to take advantage of the positive properties to the maximum, bypassing all the negative sides.
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Stone decor is great as well as complements many architectural trends. The composition and structure of natural material are created over long years and therefore has unique patterns on the surface. Artificial imitation of natural stone allows you to fully replace and use a fake to create unique compositions for the facade of the structure.
Color is known to affect mood and perception. Therefore, when selecting panels for cladding the facade you need to adhere to some rules:
The style of the architecture affects the color of the building. It must be remembered that for the classic version, bright and catchy colors are absolutely not suitable. They will look great on modern buildings. A complex architecture requires a calm and neutral palette.
Light shades harmonize with nature all year round. Therefore, many people prefer such colors where milk tones are present.
The real natural shades — yellow, green, blue, and others — combine very well together.
With gray you need to be careful. It can cover the classical structure with gloom and longing.
Dark palette looks very good on the structure with a simple form. But there is one unpleasant feature. The dark surface attracts the sun's rays and will quickly fade, losing saturation and original appearance. In addition, a building in such colors may be very hot.
It should always be remembered that any bright surface may change with time due to natural factors.
The combination of the shades of one palette looks great. For example, from beige to dark brown.
The artificial facing stone for the facade of a country house is often selected in different red-brown tones . Brick color is very popular and looks great with a dark roof and white window openings. Suitable for buildings of simple form.
Often the porch and stairs are decorated with the same material as the facade of the building. This adds completeness to the whole project.
Additionally, panels made of artificial stone can be used for the interior of some interior spaces.
As a rule, each individual panel, due to the composition of its material, implies only one method of installation. When deciding on the choice of material, you need to take into account the structural features of the facade and choose the mounting option that suits him best.
Fix the panel on the facade of the building in one of the following ways:
Using the adhesive solution . It is also laid as a tile.
On the batten with the help of self-tapping screws .
On the batten with the help of cleats .
Let us describe the features of each of the options in a little more detail.
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The sequence of actions is as follows:
A starting line is mounted along a line drawn along the perimeter of the house . It will mark the bottom edge of the panels and the first row will rest on it.
The first row is laid in, evenly distributing glue to the wall and panel.
Using special plastic crosses, you need to leave between the panels gaps in 6-10 mm, which will subsequently be filled with a trowel.
The elastic composition of the trowel will compensate for temperature differences causing expansion.
Set the vertical angle bars and check the vertical severity, as well as the distance from the wall to the surface of the slats.
Between them the cord is tensioned and the rest of the strips are set in increments from one another to the width of insulation plates.
They put insulation , leaving no voids.
Over the laid layer of waterproofing , horizontal strips of the counter grille are installed, leaving the distance between the panels along the height.
Below the starting rail is mounted, on which the first row will be laid and fastened on the screws.
After all the panels are installed, the gaps are filled with the grout .
Similar to the above-described technology, but with its own nuances:
Lathing and insulation mounted in the same way as described above.
Kleimers are installed along the axes of the panels.
To fix the panel , fold the clamps .
In the video you can see the decorative facade finish stone:
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The artificial facing stone for the facade of the house can be bought in any color range and various natural textures. It realistically replaces the natural material and imitation is difficult to distinguish even being very close to the wall of the building itself. In addition to a very wide selection of design solutions that repeat the natural forms and textures, the reasonable price of the material is captivating. In addition, such panels are indispensable if you need to relieve the load on the foundation of the structure.
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