Today we will talk about how to choose the right vibration pump. What are the advantages of its design and principle of operation. After reading the article you will be able to assess how such a pump is suitable for your home, and you will know what to talk about in the store, or evaluate the correctness of the advice of installers who will install plumbing to you.
Vibration pumps are in demand from - for their reliability, affordable cost and ease of operation. The device is connected to the hose and placed in the well, on this all the tasks of the homeowner are over, you just need to apply electricity to start pumping water.
The principle of operation is quite simple. The main part of the work is provided by an electromagnet, a vibrator and a piston. During operation, the piston periodically bends and pumps water.
A submersible vibration pump consists of many elements. If you look at their location in the diagram, then you can select 11 main components. Additional elements may be present in complicated constructions, but this does not change the principle of operation.
Electromagnet . Electric coil with a core of steel plates.
Vibrator . Electromagnet, when a current is applied, is attracted to the magnet.
Forcing chamber .
Suction chamber .
Shock Absorber . Responsible for returning the vibrator to the initial position. The better the material is used, the more efficiently the work is carried out.
Washers . Limit the piston stroke
Rod . Bends the piston.
Valves . Elastic elements are responsible for the absorption of water.
Nut . Fixes the piston.
Piston . Moving element, creates increased pressure. Most often fails due to contamination with small grains of sand and dirt.
Diverting channel . Discharges water into a connected hose.
The design may vary depending on the manufacturer. For example, they can change the location of the valves or the discharge channel.
All functionality is based on the movement of water due to the difference of internal and external pressure.
The principle of operation is stepwise :
After the electricity is applied, the coil (1) is magnetized and attracts the vibrator (2).
The piston is bent , vacuum is created, valves (8) open, water enters the suction chamber (4).
The polarity of the current changes and the magnetization disappears , the shock absorber (5) pushes the vibrator back into place. Valves (8) close. Water flows into the discharge chamber (3).
Re-magnetization occurs, the piston bends and water flows into the bypass channel (11)
The pump runs on alternating current , the polarity for 1 second changes 100 times. As a result of vibrations, the pump vibrates strongly, for which it is called "vibrating."
On the domestic market, manufacturers of "Baby" are the most common Trickle, Aquarius. Foreign manufacturers PATRIOT, QUATTRO and GRUNDFOS also enjoy a good reputation.
Vibrating pumps are manufactured in the following cities:
|City or country||Manufacturer|
| Livny |
| Kursk |
| Bransk |
|Rodnichek (Bison and Topol firms)|
|Mogilev (Rep. Belarus)||Streamlet|
|United States and China||PATRIOT|
All models have approximately the same design, the difference in names associated with marketing by principles.
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The positive sides of submersible pumps are:
Reliability . The design does not contain bearings and parts with high mobility, and therefore does not require lubrication and maintenance.
Unpretentiousness .This type of pumps is adapted to work at any temperature conditions, as well as in alkaline and salt water.
You can also note the ease of repair and long service life. But these advantages depend on many parameters and are not a feature of vibrating pumps only.
"Baby" model range "has a power of 250 W, this is enough for watering a small garden and pumping water from flooded basements. Most models are rated for 220V, but can also function at 240V.
It is important ! If the voltage is unstable, then for normal operation it is necessary to additionally purchase a stabilizer. The output voltage in the network outside the technical characteristics of the pump adversely affects the service life.
|Model|| Water intake |
From above (H)
From below (H)
| Power. |
| Produce |
(L / min)
| Working |
| Height |
| Baby |
| Patriot |
| Baby |
| Caliber |
The lift height determines the maximum length hose that can be used for pumping. When choosing, it is recommended to buy a pump with a lifting height of 20% more than necessary.
How to choose a pump for a well in the video:
It might be interesting! In the article next Link read about how to choose a circulating pump for heating a private house.
If the vibration pump runs idle (without liquid), it will quickly overheat and burn. To avoid this, use a thermal switch - it opens the circuit when overheated and closes again after cooling.
If shutdowns occur frequently, then it is necessary to clean the nozzle and pipes from debris. But in no case should you open the case yourself, there is a high risk of damaging the sealing and completely disable the mechanism.
"Kid" costs from 1,700 to 3,000 rubles and has an average service life of 2-3 of the year. For its price, this is quite a long time, but it can be increased if you follow the rules:
Conduct an inspection and cleaning . Every month it is necessary to clean the pipe, valves from debris. This increases the suction efficiency and reduces the load on the moving parts.
Use protection . Dry running and overheating lead to rapid wear of the shock absorber, damage to the piston. Preventing negative consequences significantly extends the service life.
The well must have a diameter of at least 100 cm . During operation, the pump vibrates and beats against the wall (if there is no additional protection). During long operation, the casing of the well and the pump casing may be damaged.
The main problem is that there is a lot of sand in the well. When water remains low, small grains of sand are sucked into the pump and clog up the mechanism. At the exit turns dirty water, unsuitable for drinking and domestic use.
The well contains a pipe with a mesh filter at the bottom. If you turn on the pump, large particles from the bottom rise up the grid, and small debris passes through the filter into the main cavity with clean water.
As a result, the inflow decreases, the liquid becomes cloudy and the vibropump becomes clogged with debris. Sometimes fine sand completely clogs the filter and water does not flow at all.
The results of the misuse of the vibration pump in the well are:
Well Destruction . During vibrations, fine sand enters the well and makes water unsuitable for everyday tasks.
Destruction of rock . In case of improper installation, regular vibrations will lead to the destruction of the rock and damage to the foundation of nearby buildings.
Damage to the pump . Due to the abundance of sand vibro pump clogged and stuck at the bottom. It is impossible to get it, to clean the well too.
It is important ! For wells it is more expedient to use a centrifugal pump. It costs more, but it has a different working principle and does not harm the rocks.
Sometimes engineers use vibration pumps in fresh wells. This is done to clean the sludge and to destroy the clay layer. The result is well cleaning and increased water flow.
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the connection diagram of the accumulator to the pump and the water supply system.
The main mechanism of action was described earlier. But on the market you can find models with upper and lower water intake. The difference between them is only in the location of the valves for suction. The upper fence - holes with valves on top, the bottom - at the bottom of the vibration pump.
It is better to use the design of a vibrating submersible pump with a lower intake of water for flushing fresh wells. The lower location of the valves allows you to suck more water with garbage and more efficient pumping.
In wells and ponds, it is more efficient to use models with a top fence, the holes are 30 cm from the ground and do not capture debris with sand. This design feature significantly extends the life of the mechanism.
More details on the choice of vibration pumps with upper and lower water intake
The following manufacturers are considered to be sales leaders among vibration models:
Baby . Have the reputation of the most reliable and unpretentious to various conditions for their price.
Stream . It ranks second in popularity, the models have an upper fence and provide head up to 60 m.
Stream-1 . The design is the same as that of the brother of the same name, but the production is in Belarus.
Aquarius . The main production is in Ukraine, at a price that is more expensive than its competitors, but it provides pressure up to 100m, with a capacity of 1500 l / h.
Each manufacturer has models for different purposes. These can be pumps with a lower intake of water or with an upper one, more powerful or weaker, with or without additional protection. The principle of operation is the same, mainly differs in the depth of immersion, the method of water intake, and performance.
Other well-known companies like Grundfos or Karcher can also be found on the market. They were not included in the list, as they are more focused on the production of pumps of a different principle of action: screw, centrifugal, vortex, and others.
V Shops can find a variety of different models for different purposes and prices. To save the reader from wasting time, below are the 3 best models from different manufacturers:
|Name|| Depth |
| Height |
| Production |
(l / min)
| Water intake |
in the upper)
| Belamos |
| PATRIOT |
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer t service installation of water supply and sanitation. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
All about vibration pumps in the video:
The vibration pump is a fairly simple device with good technical characteristics. It can be used for irrigation of the site, pumping water from reservoirs and for other purposes.The main thing is to take precautions and correctly install the vibration pump in the chosen place.