Any heating project of a private house, office or apartment does not begin with the purchase of good equipment, as some users believe, but with the creation of the project. It includes a detailed calculation of energy consumption, the choice of the type of fuel, the location of the heater, wiring, component, and so on. Heat supply is especially autonomous - it is a responsible business, difficult, does not tolerate mistakes. Dimensions of the house do not play a role here, it is necessary to design the heating system prior to its installation, in order to avoid problems both with municipal authorities and in the light of its own safety.
Heating is considered to be a key element of the whole system boiler. His choice is based on the choice of power, which is calculated on the specific dimensions of the building where it will be installed. Or rather, the total area is divided by the unit power density. It calculates the minimum power of the boiler. These indicators need to add 25 percent for optimal load, thereby leaving a small power reserve for unforeseen situations.
Modern boilers that are part of a house heating project are equipped with an electronic system that is responsible for the operation and functionality of the device. In addition to the boiler, the project includes wiring from pipes, radiators, pumps and other elements.
They can easily be bought in specialized stores, their range is large, the materials from which they are made can be very different, the “tricked out” control systems too. They differ in power, properties, brand ratings, quality and cost.
The type of boiler depends on fuel on which it will work. Consequently, you need to choose the one that is suitable for functionality and monetary opportunities.
The most demanded and affordable appliance (and type of heating). Not always suitable only for those localities to which the gas main has not yet been connected. But even in this case, you can additionally install a gasholder.
When choosing this type of boiler and heating, you need to understand that it requires timely and constant maintenance. It must produce specialized services.
Usually it is chosen when installing gas not it turns out in the absence of gasification or in the presence of other fuel. The advantage of such a boiler is independence from the centralized gas pipeline, and hence the absence of possible pressure interruptions. Minus - the need for timely procurement of solid fuel and the construction of a special place for its storage.
Heating design for a country house on an oil-fired boiler is easy if the landlord is not short of funds. This boiler runs on liquid fuel - diesel, which can not be called cheap. In addition to the high cost of the coolant, such a project provides for digging a pit for a tank into which a diesel engine will be pumped. It should not be forgotten that such a heating system is highly explosive. Before use, it is advisable to weigh all the pros and cons - maybe the scheme with a gas boiler and a gas-holder will be more economical.
On our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer home insulation services. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Electric heating is conventionally divided into two types: water and air. If in the first case, water or other heat-transfer fluid is heated by electricity, in the second case, such a system will be able to convert electrical current into thermal energy without using a water resource, in other words, directly.
In any case, this option of heating cannot be called the most economical either, despite the high efficiency of electrical appliances.
Performing heating design of a private house , you can not make mistakes, even the slightest. The least in which they can manifest - the extra cash costs to eliminate them. Larger buildings require more time for calculations, planning, and attracting a multitude of specialists, including adjacent ones. But even small houses can be lost in many ways, if the question of creating a project is approached superficially or not seriously.
Even those who are used to doing everything on their own will not dare to equip the heating system without preliminary calculations, a working drawing, a sketch of the heating system as a whole.
In any case, the procedure for arranging the heating system is as follows:
Development and detailed calculation of the project in detail.
Purchase of necessary equipment for pipes and components.
Installation and construction operations and work under the strict supervision of specialists.
Reception of the finished work by the relevant services.
First launch, elimination of shortcomings if necessary.
Final start-up and acceptance of the project by the user - delivery of the finished work.
Drafting an agreement on warranty and post-warranty service and, if necessary, carrying out the entire range of repairs.
The cost and type of the project will depend on the location of the region, climatic conditions, the size of the heated area, the complexity of the installation and construction works, the use of equipment and special equipment.
If the development of the heating project can be trusted only to specialized specialists, then the choice of the type of fuel, and, accordingly, the type of boiler is your task. However, if there are any doubts, then the consultations of professionals will be useful.
It might be interesting ! In the article on the following link read about the gas consumption for heating a house of 200m2.
A country house heating project is based not only on choosing the type of energy carrier and boiler, but also on the type of heat input to the room. There are several of them.
The most common, reliable and efficient heat supply system for most users. It is a system (closed loop) along which hot water moves (continuously), warming rooms. The function of the heater is performed by the boiler, to which the piping is connected, which is adjacent to the radiators. It is he who is responsible for heating water and supplying it to each radiator.
Having given off heat, the water that has already been cooled comes back to the boiler, heats up to the required temperature and repeats its technological cycle again.
Here you can use any type of boiler that runs on any type of fuel. Water heating system is divided into two subgroups, according to the type of coolant movement:
Here water moves through the pipeline without any pressure from mechanical devices. This effect is achieved only through the correct installation of all components of the heating main - all pipes must be located at a certain angle of inclination. Otherwise, the system will not work.
Easier to use and install. It performs the same function, but with the help of a circulation pump. Here pipes and wiring can be placed as you like. The only requirement for this system is the installation of an additional power source (outlet) for the pump.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about air heating.
This project can only be carried out when building a house. Arrangement for an already constructed building will be prohibitively expensive, since this technology provides for the arrangement of air ducts (made of metal, plastic or textiles) through which air heated by a heat generator is supplied.
It happens forced and gravitational. Natural air exchange occurs according to the laws of physics - warm air rises to the top, cold rushes down. The forced method differs from the previous one in that the air flow moves due to the installation of ventilation equipment.
provides for installation:
infrared long wave heaters;
under floor heating .
To achieve the maximum effect, a cozy microclimate it is recommended to combine several electrical appliances in one project for heating a house.
Such heating cannot be considered economical, payments for electricity will necessarily increase. If it is not affordable, then you should choose a cheaper method of heating.
When ordering a project from a specialist specialists of the company, the customer must receive:
The title page with the original seal of the organization.
Explanatory note (without fail) to the created project.
Communication wiring plan (general).
Height plan of the same layout.
Estimates: for the project, materials, types of work and their cost.
Specification of materials and special equipment.
Project as a detailed sketch.
A drawing with precise detailing and dimensions of all major and secondary nodes.
The plan for the wiring of utilities, connection points and tie-ins.
Before creating a project, an engineer should arrive at the site and make the necessary measurements and draw up a preliminary drawing. After that a contract is drawn up with the customer, all possible options are considered, taking into account the preferences and wishes of the client. Each customer has the right to request from the project company a copy of the project in electronic form or request a copy of it in paper form.
Where there may be mistakes in organizing home heating, this is detailed in this video:
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link, read about what kind of heating is better in a private house.
Turning to the relevant firms, the customer not only saves money, but also receives a guarantee that his heating system will work properly, for a long time and functionally. It will not be necessary to redo anything, and most importantly - not to be afraid for the lives of your loved ones.