The house was built, and there seemed to be a trifle - to finish the interior and you can import furniture. But to order the correct finish, you need to know the rules of combination and use of basic materials.
Despite the fact that the stage of finishing works itself comes at the final stage of construction, plan what materials for interior decoration of the house will be used, and in what capacity, preferably from the very beginning. In addition, it must be borne in mind that the department itself is divided into starting and finishing. This means that even before choosing, for example, wallpaper you will need to finish the walls with sheets of drywall or putty. The first method is called "dry", the second - "wet" (because the putty requires working with water). In any case, preliminary work :
is done. The walls first get rid of unnecessary elements (screws, extra guides), rust burns out, old elements (if there are any) are also removed;
Walls are degreased and processed additionally if necessary (for example, they are impregnated with fire-resistant composition or processed from a fungus).
Which way to choose depends on the availability of time and money. “Dry” will also require plaster, which will be applied on top of drywall, but rather in one layer.
. - it can be MDF sheets or other even material. “Wet” is initially not applicable in a number of cases, for example, a foam block house.
It is good to have a ready-made design project for final finishing. If there is none, then it will be more difficult to estimate how much what materials are needed, and how you can replace them if necessary. So, for example:
If you live in a room all year round , then it is better not to choose MDF panels and plastic. Despite the high class of these materials in the current production, they still do not belong to the most fire-resistant and environmentally friendly.
It is also best to pay attention to the material class - any package will be marked with the letter “E” and numbers. All that does not matter, equal to "1", refers to materials not for residential premises ("E3" is not used at all in a residential building).
In no case do you use products for exterior cladding inside houses (this is not only impractical, but harmful).
For foam block construction, the option of finishing with drywall from the inside is the only correct one.
Under certain conditions (unpretentiousness , first of all), you can with the same material immediately finish the ceiling, floor and walls. It is worth knowing that the rack materials are best suited for such use, they can immediately finish the wall and the ceiling, but the tile, for example, for the floor and the wall should have different density and resistance to abrasion.
Thermal insulation, treatment from fungus, moisture and mold are carried out up to direct finishing of the internal walls of the house, regardless of the characteristics of the laid material, which will go on top.
Such materials for wall decoration inside the house as wallpaper, tile or paint will require careful initial preparation and leveling of the walls. If this is not possible, it is better to turn to sheet materials.
When choosing a putty, it is worthwhile to evaluate not only the work, but also the approximate time for drying of all the required layers (application, most likely, will require more than one pass).
To use in wet rooms (for example, a bathroom) you should not use the same options as in residential. There are higher requirements.
For those premises where daily operation associated with mechanical impurities (for example, a kitchen or hallway) is assumed, it is better to think in advance about the additional surface cleaning. You should not choose a finish with patterns or grooves. Most likely, it will look very nice, but it will be difficult to clean.
Wood coatings will require a room with stable humidity and temperature indicators all year round.
By themselves, materials for finishing walls inside the house have the following general classification:
Rack (all types of wall paneling, trimming boards, PVC and MDF panels) are a convenient and inexpensive option to quickly complete a large area. Well washed, easy to repair. There is only one minus - wooden lining is demanding for temperature and humidity, and plastic parts are not as environmentally friendly as we would like;
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of finishing and insulation of houses. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Various covering (textile, vinyl or linoleum) - they wash well, are practical and durable enough, and do not cost as much as panels or panels. Of the minuses - the need to combine with other types, because textiles, for example, collect dust and moisture well, and vinyl and linoleum when pasting will not allow the surface to "breathe". Both options are poorly suited for a bathroom or kitchen;
Polymer rolls (wallpaper) is a method by which it is possible to imitate almost any surface. Unpretentious, with a rich selection of patterns on the market for a long time and firmly occupied their niche - and if you have to choose between regular or cork or bamboo, it is better (albeit less profitable) to choose the last option. The most inexpensive paper version, in addition, paper wallpaper does not close the air exchange for the wall, which is very convenient in rooms with a low level of natural light or not an ideal level of humidity. This also includes silk and textile wallpaper, velor, as well as wallpaper that make up the picture. Cons - if they are not for painting, repair a separate section will not work, you have to re-stick everything;
Paint-and-lacquer coatings (acrylic, silicate or silicone paints) - here there are a lot of advantages. To begin with, the paint easily repels dust, washes well, has a long service life (over 10 years), and can be used on any type of substrate. But - it requires almost perfect alignment, otherwise any roughness will be noticeable immediately;
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about wall decoration with clapboard in a wooden house.
Plaster (including decorative plaster) is very demanding on the hands of the master. They are completely different - relief, Venetian, mineral or structural, simple smooth, textured. They can create any kind of wall effect, and you can even apply it to a not very well aligned area. Of nice bonuses - plaster usually increases the sound insulation of the room and slightly warms it. Such decoration of the walls in the house requires additional specifications and a lot of experience, so it can get along not quite at the budget;
Slabs (natural and artificial stone and brick, the actual tile) is a convenient option, but will require the involvement of skilled labor and a preliminary layout of the pattern, in addition the tile will not be fragile enough on the walls or the floor, so you should not keep it for a long time. Spreading the whole room with stone will also not be very appropriate, designers advise using coating only for small areas of the room;
Sheet materials for wall cladding inside the house (this includes, for example, cladding panels for interior decoration, usually measuring to one side no more than 1 m, made from wood or plastic) - easy to use, reliable, will hide the wire inside or in communication, and they can be installed in a very short time. The only negative here is the same as in the case of the use of lath structures - plastic is not always optimal, and wood panels for decoration are the most expensive thing on the market;
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about finishing the facade of a wooden house.
The finishing material for the walls inside the house looks unusual and beautiful, which is used in relation to the general idea of design. So, wooden lining is unlikely to be a good solution in the urban version, and embossed putty - for finishing the nursery with a small child.
A good way to create a practical classic bedroom, living room or dining room - use natural wood panels. Oak, pine, maple - the whole variety of options will look good;
In the style of hi-tech it is best to use smooth finishing structures: textured putty, plastic, paint will look organic, in addition, often designers assume not to even hide the communication in such solutions (air ducts and pipes are put on display);
Retro and country , on the contrary, deny n paint hostname. It is appropriate to look lining or other natural version, as well as artificial stone;
Provence, Baroque or Rococo will look great with decorative putty or wallpaper.
For an overview of popular materials for wall decoration, see the video:
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the interior decoration of the frame house.
Often, when choosing the final interior decoration, first of all, they are guided by budget and deadlines. To get the most out of it, contact the professionals and they will help you choose which finishing material for the walls inside the house will be better in your case and will make a detailed work plan, including starting decoration.
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