The article describes how to create landscape design on a plot of a country house. Considered various styles, options for decorating items and secrets of a comfortable arrangement of the territory. After reading you will understand the intricacies of landscape design, you can communicate with designers on the same wavelength and independently make useful edits to the project.
Landscape design is an art three directions: architecture, construction and design. The plot of a country house should reflect the nature of its owners, their principles and priorities. Landscape design has existed for a long time and has undergone many changes over hundreds of years: various design styles have appeared, materials and design methods have changed.
Each of the homeowners can find or create their own style. But there are 3 main principles of landscape design:
Simplicity . All elements should be simple for visual perception.
Convenience . Each plant and structure should have value for the owner: to bear fruit, create an inspiring atmosphere, calm or induce to actions.
Beauty . All parts must be harmoniously combined with each other: plants with buildings, open fire with electric lighting. ..
To support these 3 principles it is enough to follow 3 rules:
Refuse massive buildings . Man has long been in harmony with nature, and large buildings are associated with cities and regular stress. We recommend to build the main house at 1-3 floors, and do the rest of the buildings no higher than 1st floor.
Hide fences from view . High obstacles and walls create an impression of isolation and limited territory. Try to hide the fence from the inside with plants, this removes psychological discomfort. For this purpose, a hedge of shrubs and trees is planted around the perimeter.
Give priority to small trees . Plantings should not look gigantic against the rest of the buildings. It is better to give preference to ornamental plants of small sizes.
Rules may change during work. For example, some homeowners will wish to plant an oak on their plot or build a large fence to protect the area. These issues should be discussed with the chief designer of the project at the interview stage, the specialist will be able to take into account the wishes of the owners and not to violate the basic principles of design.
Good to know! Landscape Design is engaged in planning the design. The specialist has knowledge in engineering, biology, computer design and design. If you want to get the best work - contact the professionals.
All design elements should look harmoniously together. Composition is the ability to make a whole from a variety of simple parts. Every detail must be matched in color, size and location to the rest. The giant tree looks unattractive next to a small house, a large fountain does not combine with small flower beds.
One of the most important rules creating comfort - maintaining one style for all parts of the site. Landscape design has existed for a long time. The modern name appeared only 200 years ago, and the very principles of the design of the plots changed along with humanity.
Landscape art began to actively develop in the 14th and 16th centuries in the Renaissance. A lot of time has passed since then: other styles have appeared, the buildings, priorities and design principles have changed. Now there are 8 main stylistic directions:
Consider the feature of each of them in more detail.
The classical style is also called French or regular. The main idea - to show the predominance of man over nature. Straight alleys, strict forms, soft shades and spaciousness. Suitable for large areas of 15 acres.
The most famous and popular style, its main features: simplicity, naturalness and ease. Here owners can show maximum creativity and give freedom of creative ideas. Homemade elements of the decor of barrels, logs, stones and other improvised means are welcomed.
The exact opposite of the classic design. The ambient atmosphere recreates the era of noble estates of the 19th century. Style implies the abandonment of strict forms and the predominance of the idea of "rational" intervention in nature. The main focus is on a perfect lawn and an abundance of flower beds.
Strict unification Classics and creative ideas led to the birth of the Provencal trend. Broken lines, home-made decorations, vines and a chaotic arrangement of flowers in clay pots are allowed. The main condition is to create an elegant, light, romantic atmosphere.
The land of the rising sun is known for many philosophies about inner harmony. The main idea of the style: "simplicity with attention to detail." Many elements are asymmetrical, but in the composition they are ideally combined with each other. Be sure to have water - this is an important element of philosophical reflection and concentration.
Reasonableness of every detail, strict lines, the harmony of neutral and bright colors. The main idea of modernity is to combine luxury design and modern technology.
Chinese philosophers founded the principle of "Yin-Yang" in which everything is based on the contrast of the two opposites. The main focus is on the opposition of things: stone and water; bright and dark; low and high.
A young direction in design that combines minimalism and functionality. Various ideas of landscape design of a country house can be implemented in the style of high technology. The main task of high-tech to create convenience with minimal use of resources. Plastic, glass and metal are used for decoration. The plants are small in size, mostly shrubs with sharp leaves. At night, be sure to use decorative lights.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer landscaping services. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Learn more about the different styles and basics of landscape design in video:
At the design stage, you need to agree on the placement of various zones on the site. The whole site is important to divide into functional zones, their number and size depends on the wishes of the owners and the total area of the territory.
You can select 6 functional zones, by purpose:
Rest . A place where you can get together with your family, discuss the past day and have a good time. Often settled fountains, fireplaces and a variety of decorative elements.
Accommodation . The country house was created with the expectation of temporary residence, in the residential area there is a house, garage, kitchen, toilet and other amenities of modern life.
Dining . In good weather, you do not want to stay at home, a picnic in the summer dining area would be an excellent solution.
Sports . Regular exercise has a positive effect on mood and health. The sports area is a small area with exercise equipment or a sports ground with a special coating.
Children's . The kids have nothing to do for the rest time, so for them you can build a small platform with a slide, swings and a sandbox.
Garden and garden . Many homeowners like to keep a garden or a garden with fruit trees on their plot. The main thing is to concisely write the design of the garden landscape design in the overall composition.
Many landscape design ideas are based on non-standard design of functional and decorative elements. In classic design, everything is subject to strict rules and handicraft changes lead to a violation of the composition. But if we are talking about country, modern, provenance and other creative directions, then each element can be decorated at its discretion.
One of the main conditions for landscape design is to create a cozy atmosphere: the combination of natural beauty and amenities. The lawn is the most important element of the territory design; it fills the free space and does not allow weeds to grow on the territory.
There are 3 types of lawn:
Normal . The coating of the same type, resistant to trampling, can be cut to the desired length. Used to fill free space instead of land or asphalt.
Sports . Used in places of active recreation and entertainment. Possesses maximum resistance to trampling and other mechanical damage.
Decorative . Used as a background near the flower beds, requires careful and regular maintenance.
The tracks connect the zones with each other, except for the functional load, they play an important role in maintaining the overall composition. The material can be used gravel, pebbles, tiles, bricks and others. It is important to observe the aesthetics and color combinations of the material with the rest of the environment. From a practical point of view, it makes sense to create a small slope to drain rainwater, as well as add lighting for movement at night.
Water is an essential part of design. In the Japanese style, it carries a key aesthetic role, in other areas it is an excellent functional addition (to drink, wash, irrigate plants). There are 6 constructive versions of reservoirs:
A great solution is to create a small pool on the site. It can be aesthetically pleasing in the design and used for entertainment in the summer. If you do not want to spend money on the construction of a functional reservoir, then you can create a decorative fountain or pond.
On our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer a turnkey water supply and sewerage service. Directly you can talk with representatives by visiting the exhibition of houses "Low-Rise Country"
Details about the design of reservoirs of landscape design in the video:
Fences on the territory - a pledge of security on the site. But it is also part of the design. We recommend using wood, brick, metal or stone as cladding materials. If English, Provencal or Rustic style is used, the fence is decorated with green hedges, vines, vines or other vegetation.
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the four elements in landscape design for your home.
A flower bed is a limited area in which ornamental plants (flowers, bushes, trees) grow. They are not of practical use, but are pleasantly pleasing to the eye. Flower beds are divided into 3 types:
Except for flowers in the area it is desirable to place ornamental trees and shrubs. Plantings should not be made large.
Important! If you want to grow fruit trees, then give preference to low-growing breeds. They harmoniously fit into the overall design, but in addition bring a good harvest with proper care.
Arbor is an important element of the recreation area. In it you can read a book in the evening, spend time with your family, sit in a cheerful company with friends. Relatively simple construction, and how much benefit brings. Arbor can be arranged in many different ways, the main thing is to follow the rules of the chosen style.
It can be interesting! In the article on read the following link about arbor styles to give.
To decorate the dacha ideas of the dacha landscape, you need to take care of the scenery, they are given special attention. With the help of sculptures, lighting and decorations, homeowners emphasize the peculiarities of their character and thinking.
There are many decorative elements, but the most interesting are the following:
garden landscaping . From a functional point of view, structures for heating should be installed indoors, on the street it is mainly used to create a cozy atmosphere.
Lighting . A great addition to the design will be decorative plant lighting. Proper lighting creates a romantic, mysterious atmosphere and emphasizes the natural shades of nature.
Sculptures reflect the nature of the hosts, their goals and priorities. These can be fabulous creatures or ancient heroes, works of art or works of an amateur. The sculpture attracts attention and shows the "highlight" of the owners of the site.
Alpine Hill recreates a mountain landscape in miniature. Creating this decoration is quite time-consuming process, but after the completion of the work the alpine slide will be an excellent addition to the overall composition.
Stones have an important aesthetic value in their surroundings. Do not throw them together with the ground, a professional designer can give them a good look and use as part of the composition.
Learn more about different ideas for using stones in the video:
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about natural stones for garden paths.
The layout of the site depends on its area. On the territory of a 50 hectare health camp, you can organize much more than in a country house with 10 acres.
For personal happiness, there is no need for much, it is enough to have 6 hectare to create a cozy landscape in the country. When planning, it is important to consider:
Natural relief . Often, site owners try to correct shortcomings and lead to perfect forms, but creative designers offer to beat the relief and use its irregularities for their own purposes.
Soil type . Landscape design assumes the presence of green space, the choice of plants depends on the characteristics of the soil.
Location relative to the cardinal points .Many plants depend on their location, proper planning allows you to protect yourself from cold winds, choose the best place to rest and work, protect your house from drafts, increase or decrease the amount of sunlight and much more.
Plot size . The more free space, the more ideas can be implemented. It is reckless to try to arrange all zones on 6 acres, as in hotels with 50 acres.
Stylistic preferences . Choose the best style for yourself and tell all your wishes to the project designer. The overall appearance must be maintained in the same style, otherwise the overall composition and external beauty will be lost.
A territory of 600 square meters is enough for comfortable living in the countryside. With such a plot it is more convenient to organize landscaping in the garden. To save space, it is recommended to create multi-level terraces, vertical flower beds and avoid tall trees.
In the northern part there are trees and a barn. On the south side there is enough space for creative ideas and planning. You can install a gazebo, build a swimming pool with a bath and equip a cozy garden.
The plot is more than 1200 square meters. meters opens up vast opportunities for creativity and construction. Here you can place many zones, build several ponds and residential buildings.
Important! The size of the section is not so important, it is more important that the designer is able to correctly plan. Professionals can equip a plot of 6 acres with maximum comfort and convenience. Lovers and 20 acres can force not to destination.
Unfortunately, not everyone can afford a large area of land. But designers are able to correctly beat the situation, with the help of some tricks they help to visually expand free space. There are 5 main tricks:
Well-kept lawn . Garbage and irregularities are reflected in visual perception.
Winding paths . This little trick lengthens the overall path of movement, so when walking a small area increases slightly.
Correct zoning . The division into zones expands the visual space; it is better to use a hedge as separators.
Laws of linear perspective . High trees or shrubs are planted along the borders, and low-growing plants are located closer to the house.
Vertical gardening . Clear up the horizontal space; use the vertical plane to place the decorations and colors.
A total of 7 stages can be distinguished:
Planning of the site
Arrangement of drainage systems
The duration of the arrangement and the cost of the work depends on the area of the site. The exact amount you need to know from the company that will do it.
You can see all stages of landscape design construction in the video:
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the house of three generations in Japan.
We offer to see pictures of landscape design. We collected various ideas and design options for the plots.
On our site you can find contacts construction companies that offer the service of designing turnkey country houses. Directly you can talk with representatives by visiting the exhibition of houses "Low-Rise Country"
There are thousands of design options for landscape design and if you want to get the best result, we recommend contacting professionals. Specialists receive a higher education in this field and in one article do not describe all the subtleties of their work.