From this material you will learn what an overhaul is, how it differs from the current one. What types of roof restoration are in general, causes and signs of repair, how much a roof can serve if it is made correctly. How much money will be spent on it. Do I need to draw up some documents for the overhaul of the roof, in which cases it is needed, how to carry out the procedure correctly. Information supplemented photo and video.
Any roof requires restoration sooner or later, even if it is made from high-quality materials in compliance with all standards and technologies. This is due to the influence, on its structure and integrity, of weather and temperature factors.
Attention ! Repair work of any kind, in public buildings and apartment buildings, should be carried out by public organizations.
The expediency of the restoration should be analyzed by specialists of engineering and construction professions, recorded in the appropriate registry. In a private home ownership repair is done by the owners. There is no need to collect any permits. The owner of the house independently decides when, why, what repairs he has to do.
A decree on the overhaul of roofs in public or multi-apartment buildings can be made in such cases:
the occurrence of any emergencies that were the result of natural disasters and destruction ;
upon receiving the corresponding petition from residents 16> houses or owner of a public building, which is necessarily confirmed by the final act of the technical commission;
upon the occurrence of the limit no acceptable period stated by the legislative regulations.
Table of the duration of the service life of materials for the roof of residential buildings.
Roofing elements and materials
The overlapping elements made of flooring and reinforced concrete
Lathing, rafters of wood
Odulin coating or slate sheet
Mineral wool insulation
Heat insulator made of expanded clay or mineral wool
Roofing made of sheeting or metal
Rolled soft coating
There are cases when it is not necessary to wait for the end of life. Restoration activities are required, as they say, here and now. High-quality repair of the roof in the following cases is required. Otherwise, the collapse of the roof will cause a complete change of design. Hazardous moments and causes of emergency repair include:
weakened thermal insulation ;
loss tightness ;
loosening fasteners ;
worn roof frame;
unsuccessfully made or designed configuration .
Here, based on the situation, you need to do the current or major repairs.
The list of capital repairs includes measures for the absolute restoration of the lost roofing properties. Replacing noise insulation, moisture protection and thermal insulation in it necessarily included. Restoration also includes restoration:
roof system ;
roofing (upper layer);
water disposal systems .
The joints of the overlap with the points of junction with the gable are also repaired. Violation of the integrity of the roof covering is usually determined visually in the presence of:
peeling off in the joint area;
swelling different sweats;
cracks and holes .
Leaks (implicit) require additional inspection of the roofing pie in full, as well as the truss system with floor slabs.
Photo: situations that require roof overhaul
Current repairs are a set of measures to correct deficiencies in the roof from the moment of operation to the next major overhaul. The speed of its occurrence is determined by the level of wear of certain elements of the nodes of the roofing pie.
Properly assess the condition of the roof can only a civil engineer with the appropriate qualifications. The specialist should carefully review all the main nodes and assess the condition of each of the layers. After that, he will be able to make an expert conclusion and say whether a repair of a soft roof is needed and which one. The main types of maintenance:
installation in place or replacement of damaged sheets covered by strong gusts of wind;
Seal small gaps , holes and cracks ;
repair or replacement in separate places ruberoid or screed ;
correction other not too significant damage.
More specific and weighty differences between current and capital repairs are given in the table.
Activities to be carried out
Through 3-5 years from the date of operation
After 10-15 years (based on the type of material used in the construction)
Type of work
Complete dismantling of worn-out structures and elements over the entire roof area with mandatory replacement with new
Conditions for conducting repairs
If minor defects appear
If damaged or worn out ≥ 40%
Important ! Antiseptic and antiperin treatment of the truss system from wood must be carried out with regularity once a decade.
Video about the repair of the roof of roofing material on the industrial building:
https: / / www. youtube. com / watch? v = Km5OTsyZkJE
On our site you can familiarize yourself with the most popular projects of the combined houses from the manufacturers represented at the exhibition "Low-Rise Country". The availability of filters and a calculator online allows for a preliminary calculation of the total value of the house.
All activities carried out during the overhaul production are regulated by the requirements of SNiP 12-03-2001 with strict observance of fire safety rules.
It is important ! The list of design and estimate documentation related to capital repairs should include a paragraph on the safety of repairs and the environmental friendliness of the materials used.
The process of restoring a soft roof and the main stages of reconstruction is discussed in the video:
On our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer construction audit, roof repair, reconstruction and rebuilding of houses . Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Repair of the roof in Moscow is carried out by a number of construction companies, and some of them specialize exclusively in roofing. Rules and sequence of work:
Full safety is ensured for repair crews.
The roof opens only under the condition of dry weather.
Itself dismantling is carried out by parts .
Open areas are protected by covering materials in case of rain.
Complete cleaning of the roof surface from debris should be carried out as soon as possible, and the quality of repair work should not suffer.
Work requiring the use of gas equipment must be carried out with strict observance of fire safety regulations, especially on hot days.
Only certified environmentally friendly or harmless materials should be used for replacement.
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about roof repairs in the country: types of repairs, how their necessity and price are determined.
At the completion of the overhaul stage, antennas and lightning devices must be repaired.
Any changes used in the course of the work should be strictly obligatory made to the data sheet of the building .
It is important ! The rules for laying roofing materials used in the process of overhauling must comply with the recommendations of the manufacturer or supplier of the product.
Total overhaul of the roof - technology of operations step by step:
first worn out removed material;
careful study is carried out of the state and of the quality of all structures and parts;
with there are explicit and significant damage, full their replacement ;
are applied, and necessarily, refractory layers over the entire area of the roof;
processing of structures against pests;
fit heat -, hydro - and noise protection ;
new structures are installed;
a new roof roof is installed.
Attention ! Before starting work, repairers must very carefully remove all attached wires and equipment from the roof: communication lines, television antennas, plumbing and so on.
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A well-designed change for a major overhaul makes it possible to save money. Therefore, you need to contact the verified companies, selected on the basis of reviews or recommendations.
Properly compiled estimates - calculations generated after dismantling the old roof and identifying defects that need to be fixed. To balance the exact cost you need:
Produce (very accurately and correctly) roof area , taking into account all protrusions , depressions and other features, adding stock approximately 15%.
If there is a need to replace the screed , you will need to calculate the amount of cement , sand and dropouts .
Select the optimal roofing material, including delivery (for example, free or with discounts).
Make an exact list of equipment and materials for work.
Calculate the cost of removal of construction waste. Typically, construction crews take it out for an extra charge or for free.
The estimate will allow the customer to determine the financial possibilities when purchasing material and choosing a repair team.
Video review of the sequence of repair work on a flat roof:
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Repair of the roof, especially the overhaul, is a time consuming, costly and time consuming process. Owners of private houses, fulfilling it, you need to weigh the pros and cons of the materials that they buy. After all, not always the ratio - quality-price can be a guarantee of a long service life. Too cheap products should not be chosen if there is no desire to do all this work after only a couple of years.
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