In 90% of cases, the floor in the garage is a monolithic reinforced concrete slab that can withstand serious loads, but does not differ in its presentable appearance. The article tells about the different types of floor coverings in the garage, what are the requirements for what to do in preparation for laying the flooring. After getting acquainted with the material, it will be much easier for you to opt for a certain type of coating, depending on the size and weight of the iron horse, as well as the additional functions of the garage room.
When choosing technology and materials, you should follow a simple rule - the coating options used to finish the floor in a garage should not degrade the surface performance. Even a passenger car creates significant static and dynamic loads. Therefore, the wrong selection of materials will increase the cost of maintenance and repair of the floor in the future. Practice has shown that in premises for vehicles it is advisable to use coatings that meet the following requirements:
The ability to withstand mechanical loads , including impact ones.
Resistance to fuels and lubricants and aggressive chemicals.
Moisture resistance and heat-insulating qualities.
Increased stability of to abrasion of the surface.
Frost tolerance for unheated garages.
Simplicity in maintenance and cleaning.
If you choose floor covering for garages that meet these criteria, get a guarantee of durability and reliability. And thanks to modern construction technologies such a choice exists. Manufacturers offer several solutions in different price categories.
How long the floor will last in garage conditions depends not only on the characteristics of the selected material, but also on the quality of preparation of the concrete base. Any surface defects will shorten the life of the topcoat. Especially, if works on the old concrete which has served several years are supposed.
is carried out. The following requirements are placed on the surface quality:
There must be a 1-2% slope towards the gate.
Not allowed the presence of pits and bumps with differences in height of more than 5 mm.
Plots with destroyed concrete should be cleaned and filled with repair mixture . Cracks and minor damage may be repaired with tile adhesive.
Before laying any coating, the surface is dedusted by , debris is not allowed.
To increase adhesion, the concrete base is treated with a soil of deep penetration .
The finishing flooring in the garage can be put only on fully aged concrete . After pouring the base will need 20-30 day exposure.
For most types of coatings, it is the even surface plane that is important. For large drops, it will be necessary to lay a cement-sand screed, the thickness of which should be 2-3 cm. Smaller layers have insufficient strength and will be destroyed by the wheels of the machine.
On our site you can familiarize yourself with the most popular small-form projects, which include garages, from construction companies represented at the Low-Rise Country home exhibition.
Therefore, owners of garages, especially those combined with the house, use different floor coverings. We offer a selection of the most relevant proven options for refining a concrete garage floor.
Materials of this class are completely absorbed into concrete and do not create on the surface of the film. Therefore, they are deprived of the main disadvantage of colors - even after several years of operation, the surface does not change the appearance, because there is simply nothing to peel off and lag behind.
Manufacturers offer the following compositions:
Water-dispersion - the most affordable option, but with limited firming ability.
Polyurethane - bind the upper layers of concrete and reduce moisture absorption, are used to improve waterproofing.
Epoxy impregnations to maximize the strength of the surface layers and reduce the moisture absorption of concrete.
In most cases, impregnations are used as an additional component to increase the strength of the base. But processing is allowed only by these means. The main effect of the application is the binding of the upper layer, which allows to increase the strength and resistance to the effects of fuels and lubricants, to prevent dust formation characteristic of a concrete floor.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the interior trim of the garage.
The paintwork for the concrete floor in the garage is used exclusively for decorative purposes. Unfortunately, any types of paints are not sufficiently resistant to abrasion, under the wheels of the departing car any paintwork is destroyed. Therefore, it makes sense for design purposes to paint only certain parts of the surface that are not subjected to significant loads. At the same time it is worth choosing a paint that is resistant to abrasion.
Manufacturers offer the following materials:
Paints on the basis of PVC - they perfectly cope with dust removal of concrete surfaces.
Paint-and-lacquer materials with polyurethane-based are characterized by increased resistance to the effects of chemically aggressive substances, including fuels and lubricants.
Two-component epoxy paints that can withstand significant impact and dynamic loads.
Before covering the floor in the garage with paint, it is recommended to consider the possibility of using other materials that are more suitable for use in similar conditions.
One such option is self-leveling floors. There is a choice of material on a cement, polymer or epoxy base. The advantages of this type of coating are as follows:
High strength and resistance to mechanical stress.
Tinting capability .
Resistance to chemically aggressive substances.
The declared life by the manufacturer is more than 10 years.
Yes, this option is not cheap, but its operational properties pay for themselves. Fans of interesting design solutions can advise the arrangement of 3D self-leveling floors, which definitely will not look trivial.
It might be interesting! In the article on The following link read about garage heating.
Along with other options, it has the right to life and tile flooring in the garage. The only thing to consider is the resistance of the selected tile to abrasion and impact loads. In addition, when choosing a material, it is necessary to pay attention to the anti-slip properties of the surface.
The best option is a porcelain stoneware tile. The material of this class has been successfully used in rooms with high traffic, that is, it is able to withstand considerable loads. But the durability of such a coating depends on compliance with the installation technology.
so that the tile does not crack and does not lag behind in the first year of operation, the following conditions must be met:
The material must be laid on the surface that was pre-aligned with the tie. This will reduce adhesive consumption and increase durability.
Not allowed voids under tiles. Such zones will be destroyed at the first fall of a heavy object or abrupt start of the machine.
For laying use glue with increased strength characteristics , the use of standard mixtures is unacceptable.
In terms of cost and durability, a tiled floor for a garage is considered one of the most optimal options. But, if guaranteed reliability is required, it is recommended to pay attention to more expensive materials.
In the video, an example of arranging a self-leveling floor in a garage:
Materials of this class have proven themselves to be and common (common, corporate, industrial) garages. Rubber has a high resistance to chemistry, is not afraid of dynamic and static loads.
Manufacturers offer the following coating groups:
Modular rubber coatings - are easy to install, but require careful surface preparation.
Rolled coatings - can significantly reduce the installation time. Stacked on the principle of laying linoleum. To increase the tightness of the required sizing joints.
Self-leveling rubber is one of the modifications of self-leveling floors with the addition of crumb rubber. Allows to receive a seamless surface with excellent operational characteristics.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about rubber tiles for tracks in the country.
Please note - any of the above types of flooring materials in the garage will last only if the installation technology is observed. Given the significant cost of the material, independent experiments are impractical.
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