The abundance of composite building materials does not reduce the popularity of using natural wood to build country houses of permanent residence. Eco-friendly and aesthetic, this material will give the owners a comfortable microclimate, and professional processing and original design of the interior decoration of a country house will create an unusual and cozy living space.
A new wooden blockhouse looks aesthetically pleasing and does not need facing materials
Finishing works in natural houses Wood is produced strictly after the completion of the process of shrinkage of the structure, which can take from 2 to 5 years depending on the type and quality of wood. The appearance of the finishing of such a dwelling depends on the density, humidity and the selected breed of material, as well as the taste preferences of the owners.
Before you start finishing the interior, make sure that the wooden blockhouse is completely dried and its shrinkage is complete. New wooden houses especially intensively "sit down" during the first year, this process can be accelerated by regularly heating the building.
Dilapidated houses must be inspected for various defects in the walls that need to be repaired before finishing a wooden house.
The main feature of the repair of a wooden log house is the necessity of impregnating the walls with an antiseptic prior to the installation of a fine finish. The quality and durability of an antiseptic determine the safety and durability of the finished log house. In addition, it is necessary to thoroughly dry the wood to avoid its destruction under the influence of moisture or temperature changes.
Antiseptics with the addition of color scheme give the wood an original shade
Depending on the design chosen, interior decoration for a wooden house it can be made with various light materials that allow air and moisture to pass through well, so that the structures are not overloaded and a pleasant microclimate is preserved inside the room.
The choice of a particular material is also determined by the level of insulation of the living space, which affects the humidity and the average temperature in each of the rooms. For example, finishing materials for a non-heated wooden country house should have greater thermal insulation than for a full-fledged winter log house.
Finishing the top floor of a wooden house with decorative panels
An important factor when decorating walls in a wooden house from the inside is tastes of the owners of the premises. For example, connoisseurs of “natural” interior prefer to limit themselves to covering the walls of the house with paint or varnish. Fans of classic interior and plain walls prefer to install panels made of various materials. High-quality wood from which the living space is built is best complemented by monochromatic panels of plastic, wood, chipboard and even artificial stone of neutral or light shades.
Options for various style decisions on the video:
Before starting repairs, make sure that the wood is completely dry and the house has shrunk. When decorating old wood houses, you can start repairing immediately; a laminated timber house should “sit down” for at least 3 months; it is best to repair houses from a rounded log or a bar in a year (in a warm climate) or two (if the site is located in the middle lane). Russia).
A wooden house from a rounded log can be trimmed a year or two after construction
Shrinkage depends on the chosen material: a wooden blockhouse shrinks from 7% to 10%, a timber - 3-5%, and a rounded log - 5-6%.
The time required for complete drying of wood depends on the material of the building, the quality of cutting, and the season in which the material was harvested.
The rate of shrinkage of the finished home is also determined by changes in the humidity of the environment. For example, frequent precipitation during the cold season significantly slows down the process, and regular heating can accelerate it.
Under the influence of changes in the level of moisture in the wood, it can dry out or, on the contrary, swell. The magnitude of the change in the final dimensions of the material depends on the direction of the fibers in the wood. As a rule, the side walls sit slower than the front.
After completing the construction of a wooden house, as well as the expiration of the time allotted for its shrinkage, you can prepare the felling for finishing. The process consists of several stages.
The process of processing a log house in a new house is often exhausted by covering the wood with transparent varnish
Wooden walls must be carefully sculpted the warming material: jute, tow or previously dried moss. The process begins from the bottom, moving to the ridge of the roof. The walls must be treated on both sides, in order to avoid skewing, warming should be carried out promptly, processing the bearing walls on the same day.
After warming, the house may slightly “rise”, but later jute (or other insulation) will “clog” between logs or bars as closely as possible, which will protect the building from drafts and ensure a high level of insulation.
For the first time, it is recommended to caulk the walls two to three weeks after construction is completed, the second - 6-8 months later.
Regardless of visual characteristics, climatic conditions and other external factors, wood should be treated with antiseptic compositions before finishing. The active use of such chemicals will not only prolong the life of the dwelling, but also protect the surface of the material from unsightly external defects and prevent the appearance of mold or insects.
Before choosing a particular material, you need to pay attention to the strength of the foundation, the quality of the log house and the density of the wood. As a rule, the best option for a wooden house - light "breathing" materials that maintain a comfortable microclimate in a residential area. It is not recommended to get involved in facing of plastic panels, as this will interfere with gas exchange and adversely affect the "atmosphere" in the rooms.
Finishing a new wooden log house is exhausted by laying ceramic tiles on the floor
The most common option for finishing a wooden house inside - this is a transparent lacquer coating in order to give the walls an intensive shade and their protection from external influences. Varnishing is used in new homes with a pleasant appearance, when the task of finishing is to emphasize the natural beauty of wood.
Individual elements of a wooden house (fireplaces, stoves, parts of the walls) are finished with natural or artificial stone. Before choosing this material, it is necessary to take into account its large weight, which may require additional strengthening of the foundation.
Interior options for modern wooden houses on video:
Ceramic tile is one of the most affordable and aesthetic options for interior work, optimally combined with different types of wood.
The budget finish option that is most often used in old houses is design using drywall sheets. As a rule, the giprok is designed to disguise caulked seams, minor cosmetic defects of the walls, as well as to give the dwelling a more modern look.
The white wall when finishing a wooden house inside, finished with drywall, visually expands the space
Regardless of The material will be mounted on wooden frames fixed to the walls. This method will allow you to quickly level the base, leave a technological gap between the wall and the finish, carry out “hidden” wiring, and also lay several layers of thermal insulation material.
Gaps between the frames and the surfaces of the walls are necessary to maintain a comfortable microclimate creating a unique atmosphere in a wooden house. In addition, they provide an active gas exchange, which prevents the deformation of wood. The disadvantage of gaps is their susceptibility to the formation of mold, so you should carefully monitor the process of wood treatment with antiseptic compounds.
In general, dilapidated wooden houses are divided into two types depending on the state of the supporting structures. So, dwellings of high-quality wood, decayed under the influence of time - the best option to "refresh" their new decoration. The disadvantages of the building in this case - cosmetic, they are easy to eliminate without large-scale work.
In most cases, dilapidated wooden houses can be restored by replacing individual elements and erecting a solid foundation
Old Houses of low quality wood are characterized by severe damage to the supporting structures, high humidity or excessive dryness of the wood, as well as noticeable deformation. Unfortunately, such houses need capital repairs, but not updating of appearance. Redecorating in this case is a waste of money without a long-term useful life.
The walls of a wooden house should be sanded and then painted, so that the shade of wood was more "juicy" and the whole building looked neater and newer.
Before finishing, it is necessary to treat the wall surfaces with an antiseptic, and it is advisable to use coloring pigment to give the tree a more saturated shade.
If the tree itself has an aesthetic look, painting or impregnating with a clear varnish will be enough to give a pleasant appearance. Most often, wood trim inside the house is performed for walls of highly destroyed wood of heterogeneous shades. In this case, the main task of repair is to mask cosmetic defects.
The photo of the finish of the second floor of a wooden house with light clapboard that is covered with varnish will mask unsightly old wood
The frame (or crates), which is the boards on which the finish is mounted, in this case will allow you to visually align the walls, “hide” the electrical wiring and unaesthetic details of the old house.
The first stage of finishing is to ensure the tightness of the room with the help of "caulking" from the outside and the inside. If the insulation looks unaesthetic, it must be trimmed, if necessary, apply decorative materials on top.
Warm walls are trimmed with decorative material from wood, stone, hyposocardon, plastic or ceramics. At the heart of the decoration is a frame that visually aligns the walls.
At the final stage, the ceiling is drawn up, leaving technological gaps to maintain air circulation and ensure the unique microclimate created by the tree.
The flooring is laid after the ceiling decoration.
Finished materials are treated with wood stain - composition to give the material the desired shade. If the decoration used valuable woods, you can use a clear varnish.
A photo of the finish of a wooden house inside a red tree - a way to show your well-being and give your home a unique color
Modern compositions for the protection of home decoration wood protect the material from the majority of adverse external influences. It is necessary to study the components of the composition to avoid allergic reactions from the tenants of the finished house.
Clearly, the finishing methods are shown in the video:
Plus photos of classic and original solutions:
The classic version of a wooden house is painting painted logs
The combination of plastered panels made of drywall and wooden beams is a modern version of the interior decoration of the house
Large lining and decorative elements of the fireplace - an elegant combination for a country house
Combination light light wood and zoning with the help of lamps give the room a light and sunny atmosphere
Large lining of light shades in combination with "Vienna "chairs and vintage cupboard - a variation on the theme of American style in the interior
Modern interior with a hint of Scandinavian style: a combination of white lining, matte flooring and bright furniture.
“Piece of lacquer” wooden house finishing option: logs are covered with gloss paint and combined with the color of the kitchen set
Bright and strict classics: facing the house with white clapboard, the emphasis is on dark furniture
Some shades of wood, covered with clear lacquer, give the rooms a visual "warmth", underlined by lights
The combination of "natural" log walls and a smooth ceiling finish gives the room softness
Artificial stone used in furniture decoration, log walls are combined with a two-level suspended ceiling
Despite the abundance of modern technological materials, wooden houses remain the best option for those who want to create not only aesthetic, but also comfortable living the room. Competent construction and comfortable decoration of a private house inside in compliance with all technological requirements - a guarantee of long service finished construction.