The use of wood as a building material is gaining increasing popularity. A modern wooden house is not just a structure of logs and boards. First of all, this is a style that implies both the exterior of the house and the design of the premises inside.
Wood walls look good and retain heat well. Ceilings in a wooden house are of no less importance, they must conform to the general style, have a decent look and at the same time be no less warm than the walls.
The ceilings of a wooden house have their design features and are lightweight constructions of beam floors and flooring, assembled from boards. The space in the intervals between the beams, as a rule, is filled with insulating material.
Ceiling decoration should be lightweight, retain heat and provide sound insulation.
Basic requirements for materials for finishing ceilings in a wooden house:
Safety. It is necessary that the materials for finishing the ceilings are strong and reliable, and also comply with fire safety requirements and do not emit harmful substances in both normal and heated condition.
Durability. The longer the finishing material for the ceiling without the need for repair, the better.
Appearance. It is necessary that the materials for finishing the ceiling are in harmony with the walls, creating a single design and making the rooms cozy and attractive.
Preference should be given to natural materials that can provide sufficient air circulation inside the ceiling. In addition, an important combination of finishing material with the general style of the premises.
The preparatory work includes antiseptic processing of the ceiling construction elements. In rooms with high humidity (bathroom, kitchen, bath) it is necessary to additionally treat the surfaces with special moisture protection agents.
Do not forget about the resistance to fire. To do this, the tree is impregnated with special compounds that prevent burning. The same processing is necessary to expose and finishing material of wood. This will significantly increase the service life and prevent the possible deformation of the trim elements.
Before sheathe the ceiling, it must be insulated. For this fit any insulation materials. Warming can be done from the inside, by hiding the insulation under the skin or from the attic.
The preparation also includes laying of electrical wiring and other engineering communications, if they are not carried out during the construction of the house.
When choosing how to sheathe the ceiling in a wooden house, you must take into account not only the quality and cost of materials, but also the overall style of the premises. Sometimes ceilings in wooden houses generally do not trim anything from the inside, leave it as it is and insulate only from the attic. Open beams on the ceiling will help to create a unique style of a village house, for example, one of the country styles.
If the thickness of the bar or log used in the construction of the house, allows you to do without internal insulation and finishes, the wooden ceiling will go well with the walls. In addition, wood has unique properties: it absorbs excess moisture from the air and gives it away if the air becomes too dry. In addition, wood keeps heat well and is a good noise insulator.
The most "undercarriage" material for ceiling decoration is wood. The following materials can be used for additional ceiling lining with wood:
If the house is insulated from the inside and the walls are hidden under the finish that will not be combined with wood, you can use plastic, drywall or ceiling ceilings for the ceiling plating.
The most economical and simple ceiling decoration - plywood. Usually use plywood made of high quality veneer. The large size and low weight of the plywood plate allows for quick and easy installation.
Lightweight and environmentally friendly material for ceiling finishing in a wooden house is wall paneling. Ideal with the wooden walls of the house. In order to save the budget, you can choose an inexpensive tree species.Lining is easy to install due to the longitudinal tongue and groove on the ends.
Lining is divided into several classes:
Class Extra - top-quality lining without knots and irregularities. For the manufacture of used expensive wood;
Class A and B - slats and panels with minor defects that do not affect the strength;
Class C - a budget option. The panels are made of inexpensive wood, may have irregularities and a large number of knots.
Essentially veneered panels are that same lining, but with some difference. They are produced using the same technology, but thin wood veneer from expensive wood is glued onto a panel of inexpensive wood, and there is no lining. The result is an imitation of the ceiling of expensive wood. In addition, veneered panels may differ from lining size.
The array is made only of expensive wood, it has a high durability, and the service life may be several decades. The ceiling of the "purebred" array looks very solid, but its price is quite tangible.
Plastic panels are an inexpensive and practical option for finishes ceilings of a country house, allowing you to save on material. Plastic panels are easily and quickly mounted, do not require additional finishing materials, and if damaged, they are easy to replace.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of designing houses. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
The most common finishing material, not only for ceilings, but also for walls, is drywall. With it, you can easily implement any design projects. Drywall has sufficient breathability, providing the optimum level of humidity. The only downside is the need for additional finishing.
A framework is required for installing drywall on the ceiling. Sheets are fastened to the sheathing with screws. The frame can be wooden or metal, assembled from a special profile.
The ceiling can be made multi-level, with built-in lighting. It is easy to give almost any shape to drywall soaked with water. This property is ideal for creating unusual designs.
PVC or seamless film serves as a material for stretch ceilings polyester fabric. The main advantage is that the stretched canvas retains its shape when a new house shrinks. The disadvantage is the impossibility of repair. In case of damage it is necessary to change the design completely.
Laminate can be used as a ceiling covering. This material has good thermal insulation performance, is durable and does not require special care.
The only condition for installation: the ceiling surface must be perfectly flat.
The installation of a slatted ceiling implies attaching the cladding elements to the batten assembled from a bar. Suspended frame attached to the supporting structure of the ceiling. The slats and panels can be attached to the frame without gaps, joining grooves (closed type) or at a distance, forming a small gap (open type). It is also possible that decorative inserts are mounted in the gaps between the slats.
Rack type suspended ceiling allows to solve the problem of laying utilities, such as electrical wiring and ventilation ducts. The free space inside the structure can be filled with insulating material.
Wall paneling is the most common and accessible material for a wooden rack ceiling. It is used for the cladding of the closed type.
The lining for the ceiling lining has the following dimensions:
blade length from 2 to 4 m;
width from 70 to 150 mm;
thickness from 10 to 25 mm.
Knowing the size of the room, it’s easy to calculate the required amount of material.
When choosing lining from inexpensive wood, you should buy several rails more than the estimated amount in case of detection of gross defects.
Pine timber is usually used as a base. Its transverse size should be at least 40 * 40 mm. The calculation of the number of beams is based on the length of the perimeter of the room, the length and number of supporting central beams and the number of suspensions for attaching the batten to the main ceiling.
Installation of the framework should be started by marking the perimeter of the room. To do this, beat the line along the walls at the required height, the accuracy is controlled by the construction level.
The next step is to fix the guide beam using nails or screws. To do this, you need to drill through holes or use furniture corners as fasteners.
For details on how to trim the ceiling in a wooden house with clapboard, look at the video
Next along the bottom of the guide rail from wall to wall, in As a "beacon" they stretch the nylon thread or fishing line. It is necessary for alignment in the plane of the supporting structure. Equal distance attached carrier bars, focusing on the stretched fishing line.
It remains to fix the wall panel on the frame: the first rail and all subsequent ones are attached to the batten at the points of contact with nails or small screws. For a tight joining of the panels with each other, you can use a rubber hammer.
It is not allowed to sheathe the ceiling against walls and load-bearing elements. There should be a small gap in case of wood expansion with increasing humidity. The gap can be closed with a decorative plinth.
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about bed on the ceiling in the loft house.
When choosing how to trim the ceiling in a private house, you need to focus not only on the appearance and other qualities of the material, but also on the price category.
If you need to save a little, then an imitation of them can be an alternative to expensive finishing materials. For example, the ceiling of plastic panels can be of any color and texture. Plastic "under the tree" looks good in combination with natural wood on the walls.
White seamless panels can compete with an expensive stretch ceiling.
MDF panels, laminated under the texture of wood, also fit the wooden walls. Pine wood clapboard is easy to pass off as a valuable wood species, soaked with stain and opened with varnish. The same can be done with plywood.
The ceiling can be the most unusual part of the interior. The use of various combinations of materials and elements can create a certain mood and direction of style.
Wooden panels made to order for a specific room, this is the most expensive type of coverage. Often used arrays of valuable species of wood, and as an ornament used wood carving.
You can use the elements of the ceiling design to decorate it. The easiest, but effective way to decorate the wooden ceiling - dark tanks against the background of the light ceiling. Such design visually increases the space. If the beams are hidden under the casing, you can attach a raised beam.
Alfreina is called an artistic finish. Such work is performed by various methods: rolling a picture with a roller or stuffing through a stencil, pulling the panels, and trimming the painted surface.
This type of decoration is rarely used, it goes well with the classic style of antique, but does not always fit into the modern design.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about how to insulate the ceiling in house.
The choice of material for finishing the ceiling in a wooden house depends primarily on individual preferences and budget. If you decide to finish the ceilings in your wooden house, but have not yet decided on the choice of material and design, contact the professionals who will be happy to help you not only choose how to sheathe the ceiling, but also perform this work qualitatively. With the skillful and creative approach of specialists, the ceiling will be the main decoration of the interior.