The article contains information about dry closets for summer cottage. You will learn about the three most common varieties of these devices, in which case, what is better to choose, what the cost of models and price examples depend on.
There are three options for arranging a toilet in the country. The first of these relates to local cleaning systems - autonomous sewage. But septic tanks factory or individual assembly are not cheap. The placement of the septic tank is "furnished" with restrictions on the distance from the house, the place of water intake and even from the fence of the neighboring site. If the dacha is not intended for permanent residence, then this sewage system for the winter should be "canned". The second option - cumulative capacity (or in the old manner - cesspool). But there are two major drawbacks - the smell and the need for frequent pumping. The third is a bio-toilet to the country. And in this case, it is important to understand which type to choose.
According to the method of "recycling" of vital activity, there are three types of bio-toilet-toilet to give.
These are direct descendants of powder-closets, in which feces were sprinkled with peat before being moved to the storage tank. Organic peat was "responsible" for the primary processing and separation of waste into liquid and "solid" phases. Modern samples, unlike their predecessors, are filled with a mixture enriched in active bacteria, so the separation is much faster and more efficient.
The solid phase is disposed of in a compost pit, and after a couple of years they have “pure” organic fertilizer for the site. The liquid phase has an ample degree of purification for discharge into the drainage system. One of the distinguishing features is the presence of a gaseous phase, since the principle of operation of this type of toilet is similar to a septic tank. Therefore, the lower tank is made in the form of an airtight container of a fairly large volume, which has two branches: a drainage pipe and for connection to a separate exhaust ventilation channel.
Simple device . There are models completely non-volatile - without an exhaust fan.
With a large volume of the lower tank - , frequent cleaning of from solid waste is not required.
Relatively low cost of reagents.
" Environmentally friendly " waste.
Selecting a separate channel of exhaust ventilation (pipes).
For models with high "performance", it is necessary to consider the location and the transportation route of the lower tank. There are samples of a dry closet for summer cottage for installation in a separate structure (extension) on a screw or columnar foundation - their accumulative capacity is located in a subfield.
With a large influx of visitors, a portion of the backfill may not have time to “clear” the liquid (absorb organic matter).
on our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of designing and installing sewage systems and plumbing. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
There are two types of liquid reagents that interact with waste:
They stop the processes of biological decomposition, destroy bacteria whose activity causes the release of fetid odors. Although the reagents are the strongest antiseptic and "kill" all life, they belong to organic compounds. Therefore, the definition of this liquid toilet as "bio" is quite reasonable. The main drawback is the toxicity of processed products. They cannot be dumped into sewer systems, septic tanks, filter wells or trenches. After filling the storage tank, it is handed over to the enterprise serving the dry closet for disposal of the contents.
Recycle "black drains" without oxygen in the same way as anaerobic septic tanks. With intensive use, feces simply do not have time to reach a state suitable for discharge into a compost pit, but the processed products can be disposed of in ordinary sewage.
no need separate forced ventilation;
produce cassette, or portable toilets to give, which are placed in the trunk of a family car.
Disadvantages are essentially two:
limited performance country models;
disposal of waste.
On our site you can familiarize yourself with the most popular sites in the Moscow Region for the construction of a country house. In filters you can set the desired direction, the presence of gas, water, electricity and other communications.
If we consider only usability, then this is an ideal variant of a country toilet of a non-sewer type. The waste products in it are simply incinerated (all or only solid after separation of waste). Water for flushing is not needed, and feces and toilet paper in them are fully composted, so they can be positioned in the catalog as “dry” or “compost”.
easy disposal of waste - you can bury it in the ground right on the plot in the form of organic fertilizer;
no need to buy reagents;
a long period between cleaning the tank.
high cost ;
need a separate ventilation duct for the "combustion chamber";
This is a separate type of bio-class toilets that are completely autonomous. That is, they do not require connection to the network or water supply.
The principle of operation of the Pacto dry closet is based on the collection of feces and urine in the film (encapsulation). At the same time, smells are almost completely blocked along with the contents by simply pressing the “flush” pedal. The package includes a roll of sleeves with a reserve of film for approximately 200-250 visits (roll length is 40 m). One-time refueling is designed for 40 visits (taking into account the fact that the pedal can be pressed halfway when the urine is washed out). The indication that the film has come to an end is simple - the inscription "Stop" is inscribed on the last section.
Capsules with sealed waste are collected in a separate bag in a special container that is placed in the subfloor under the toilet room, or in the Pacto podium. In the first case, ventilation is not required. When using the catwalk, a vent pipe is taken away from it.
Encapsulated waste can be simply burned, while the film does not emit toxic gases. And the bag in which the "capsules" were collected is suitable for reuse.
The main disadvantage is the high cost of the Pacto. It costs an average of an order of magnitude higher than portable liquid - from 63,000 rubles. , and buying a podium increases the cost of a "bio" toilet to give another 25,000 rubles.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link, read about odorless and vacuum-free biotoilets.
From the description of the principle of operation, advantages and disadvantages, you can derive recommendations for choosing a dry closet:
Models that work on peat mixtures , attractive for owners of large areas where there is a place for the compost pit that is far enough away from the house, a recreation area and will not interfere with the residents of the neighboring villa.
Compact liquid models can satisfy small dacha owners who visit infrequently. The main prerequisite is that the cottage must be located close to the city and the organization engaged in the disposal of the contents of the lower tank.
The electric dry closet will bring "joy" to a wealthy owner of a summer house if there is no interruption of electricity in the village.
If you arrange dry closets of different types as the prices increase, then liquid models are most accessible by the level of "capital" investments.
Portable samples with a volume of the lower tank from 15 to 20 liters generally cost no more than 10,000 rubles. (prices start from 4500 rub.). Although there are products in the performance of "luxury" for which you have to pay a little more - for example, Thetford Excellence + costs from 11,500 rubles.
Manufacturers familiar to the city streets on toilets, estimate the level of configuration:
" economy class " costs from 13500 rubles.("economy class);
for" standard "you must pay 3,000 rubles more;
" comfort "will cost almost 20,000 rubles;
" VIP "(with heating and lighting) - about 30,000 rubles.
It can be interesting ! In the article on the following link, read about the choice of a septic tank for a dacha.
With peat bio-toilet is not all unambiguous.
There are samples of Russian production that can most summer residents. For example, P The iteco 201 costs about 9,000 rubles, while the Piteco 505 or Piteco 506 costs 5500-5600 rubles, of course, these products are washed away manually, but the storage tank is still impressive - 72 liters.
If talk about the prices of products of foreign brands, they can cost several times higher.For example, the Finnish KEKKILA Termotoilet with a tank capacity of 230 liters costs about 40,000 rubles. A sample of "luxury class" BIOLAN Populett 200 is estimated at 65,000 rubles.
Peat toilets can be found a little and cheaper, but in these cases they "performance" will be lower. The same BIOLAN has in its assortment a Komplet model with a lower tank of 140 liters and a price of 22,500 rubles. or very simple option for 12500 rubles. , which is called "Simplett", but it already has a volume of 28 liters, while this is only about "solid" waste, since the liquid is separated in the area of the toilet seat and discharged into its canister.
Electrical toilets can be divided into two categories.
The first, more accessible category includes products with waste separation - liquid is discharged with a hose to a tank or to the ground.
The second category of products is complete recycling of waste products, including toilet paper. First, the “excess” liquid evaporates due to heating, then the residue is burned. Moreover, so that the residue is homogeneous, it is “ground” with a mixer, equipped with cutting blades (as in a mixer).
Separett toilets from the first category (from 18,000 to 55,000 rubles) belong to the first category. To the second category - toilets Biolet Mulltoa (from 50,000 to 140,000 rubles).
Note ! The difference in price between products from one manufacturer is explained by the volume of the tank.
looks. What outdoor country toilets are, see in the video:
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about turning a garage into a comfortable cottage.
The range of country dry closets is very large - there is plenty to choose from. And if you count the cost of equipping an autonomous sewage system and its maintenance, then the cost of most models does not seem excessive. Of course, we are talking only about the disposal of "black" waste, and "gray" wastewater (from bathing, washing dishes) can be discharged into a simple drainage well or a storage tank for recycling (watering the area). But in order to make the right choice, it is worth consulting with a specialist who will take into account both the load and the location of the dacha.