In this article we will talk about how much it costs to dig up a pond on the site: the price of works, materials and what will be done in general. You can also get information about the natural features of the site, which can reduce the final cost of the pond. At the end of the article, factors affecting the price of work will be described, and prices for the main services of construction firms will be given. All this will help not to overpay for the pond at his dacha.
to have the idea of how much a pond costs and how it works is the first thing to do is to study the sequence of actions to create such an artificial reservoir on a private plot. Now there are many companies offering their services for planning and digging small ponds. Such organizations most often have a staff of qualified surveyors, draftsmen, managers and other specialists, so if you decide to supplement your backyard with a reservoir, then the best solution would be to contact such a company.
When choosing the location of the pond, it is important to consider the purposes for which you plan to use the reservoir. If its primary purpose in breeding fish, then for the pond is to provide a vast area that allows you to create a pit of sufficient size. A small decorative pond will fit even on a small patch of land.
It is important that at noon the water surface is covered from the sun by any natural obstacles for example, planted trees. In the morning and in the evening, the pond must be well lit. It is also worth considering when choosing a place for the reservoir.
If you plan to create a pond for swimming or for decorative purposes, then it should not occupy more than 3% of the territory. Also, the location and shape of the reservoir should be in harmony with the landscape and vegetation around it.
The depth of the ponds is usually divided into three zones:
Zimavalnaya pit (if you plan to breed fish)
At the same time, the bottom of the wintering pit should be 150 cm below the level of soil freezing. It is better that the area of this part of the reservoir is approximately 20% of the total area of the pond.
Now about the materials. The following can be used to create the excavation:
Layer waterproof concrete
Ready plastic capacity
Moisture-resistant film for ponds
After the dimensions of the reservoir and the materials for its creation are determined, you can roughly calculate how much it costs to dig a pond at the site.
In order to dig a volume ditch, usually special techniques are used. For smaller decorative ponds, the foundation pit can be dug out with a shovel. It is better if the entire pond will have a rounded shape without corners. This is due to the fact that angular artificial reservoirs look very unnatural, because in nature, the coast is always smooth. In the warmest regions of Russia, the depth of the hibernation pit can be 150–160 cm. Coastal areas, on the other hand, should have gentle slopes, which smoothly flow into deep-water zones. Then the reservoir will be easier to care for.
However, it is possible to make transitions between zones in the form of terraces. This technique is used to ensure that the water surface has a more natural look.
If we talk about the price of digging the trench, it is impossible to name a specific amount. total water body and multiply it by the cost of a cubic meter. In the Moscow region a cubic meter of the pit costs about 200-300 rubles.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of developing and carrying out landscape works, including the installation of water You can directly communicate with representatives by visiting “Low-rise Country” houses.
This is a very important stage in the process of building a film pond. After the foundation pit has been dug out and removed all stones, roots and other foreign objects, you can to begin laying geotextiles. It is not recommended to skip this procedure and immediately lay a film on bare ground, because at any time the roots of trees and shrubs can break through the floor. Also, such a protective layer will save water from the rodents living on the site.
The edges of the canvas usually lead to the shore.Geotextiles are laid neatly in order to avoid many folds and creases. It is recommended to use material with a density of 150 g / m².
The roll of geotextile 1.5 * 25 m with a density of 100 g / m³ costs about 1,100 rubles. The price for laying such material is usually small: about 1,000 rubles will have to be paid for a fairly large pond.
Waterproofing is an indispensable component of any artificial reservoir. The fact is that, very rarely, the hydrogeological characteristics of the soil make it possible not to use this part of the structure.
Previously, the waterproofing of ponds was made of clay, because there were no polymeric materials. By the way, this technology is used now to create environmentally friendly reservoirs. Also, clay is good if the pit is large and it will be too expensive to cover it with a film. Usually, in order to scare away the inhabitants of the soil when applying the first layer of clay, sprinkle the earth with soot. All you need to apply three layers.
The artificial waterproofing can be made of a geomembrane or using concrete. The most affordable pond polymer is a high-pressure film. It is also quite good in terms of resistance to mechanical damage. Here are some more options for waterproofing artificial reservoir:
PVC film . Service life from 10 to 15 years.
Butyl rubber film . May successfully perform its functions for 50 years. Well suited for reservoirs deeper than 3m. Can stretch without losing performance.
Liquid waterproofing has a lifespan of 35-40 years. It is resistant to temperature extremes and completely eliminates the possibility of the formation of cracks and defects.
This video describes the waterproofing method of "liquid rubber":
On our site you can see the most popular in Moscow suburbs for the construction of a country house. In filters you can set the desired direction, the presence of gas, water, electricity and other communications.
Arrangement and installation of waterproofing should be entrusted to professionals, because it is a rather complicated and time-consuming process with a lot of subtleties.
Now let's talk a little about prices. PVC film costs only about 40 rubles per square meter and you can buy it in almost any hardware store. A roll of butyl rubber film with a length of 20 meters costs about 1600 rubles. Laying such a waterproofing will cost about the same cost as laying geotextiles. Whether it is a clay castle and liquid waterproofing. These types of work will need to fork out. If we talk about the first option, then a square meter of bottom, smeared with three layers of clay, costs 250-300 rubles. Now about liquid rubber : 10 kilograms of such waterproofing for swimming pools will cost 300-500 rubles. The cost of work depends on the construction company. In the Moscow region, it is in the range of 150-200 rubles per m².
In order to create a good and large pond on your site, you can take as a basis some feature of the landscape or hydrology. For example, if there is a lake or river nearby, then there is an option to build a dam. The well or the pit can also serve as the basis for the future reservoir. We will consider the technology of creating such structures and tell you how much it costs to build a pond in the country in such a way.
The fact is that it is much cheaper not to dig a ditch, but to use an already prepared catchment area. It can be a ravine or any hollow, a previously dug hole or any other depression. In order to fill such a reservoir, it is necessary to build a dam on a nearby river or stream.
A variety of materials are usually used to create a small dam. These can be large stones, piles, concrete, and even thick logs. Comb design should rise above the water level not less than one meter. The width of the embankment can be from 0.5 to 4 m. The dam should be arranged only when the dam has settled.
When creating a concrete dam, reinforcement screeds should be included in the structure. For the mixture, usually only water-resistant cement is used, and the sand content is reduced as much as possible.
If we talk about the price of the dam, it consists of the cost of materials and the cost of work.If you take a structure made of concrete slabs, then you will need cement (30-350 rubles a bag), sand (3 rubles a kilo in Moscow) and gravel (130 rubles for 40 kg) to create it. The forest is quite expensive nowadays. A larch log with a length of 6 m will cost at least 5,000 rubles. The cost of the work on the construction of the dam depends entirely on the specific case.
Construction companies represented at the exhibition regularly hold promotions for their clients, helping to save a lot. On our site you can find information about current offers and contacts of construction companies that provide them. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
The ravine on the site can easily be turned into a reservoir. In this case, the advantage would be if a small stream flows along its bottom. Then all that needs to be done is to partition it from one bank to another with the help of an embankment. Gradually, water supplied by the stream and sediments will accumulate in the recess. Over time, your site will create a reservoir for technical purposes, such as watering the beds. But, by the way, if you work on the design, you can create a decorative pond. And its arrangement will cost much cheaper than any other.
Here is a description of the technology of creating an artificial pond from a ravine:
A bypass channel is dug out, into which the stream is temporarily sent so that it does not interfere with the work.
From boards shields are made, which are upholstered with roofing felt or film.
In the ravine , gaps are made into which these shields are inserted. The dam is surrounded by stone, and it turns out the dam.
The waterproofing is laid at the bottom of the ravine . It is advisable to cover it on top with a layer of fine sand. The walls of the reservoir is better to put a stone.
To keep the water at a certain level, an overflow pipe is installed. Excess goes through the canal to a pre-cooked sump, which is located below the level of the pond.
To build such a pond, you need a minimum of financial investments.
This video will tell you how artificial reservoirs are created at the site of ravines:
Most A simple way to feed a reservoir is a well. With proper arrangement, you can create a system from the pond and the source, in which water will circulate at a low rate.
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To create such a complex, you need to:
At the bottom of the pond a filter was installed, which performs and the role of a skimmer in which water will flow.
A small waterfall fed from the source that will supply oxygen-enriched water to the pond. in case there is a need for raise the water level.
It was installed a relay that will turn on the pump in order to pump out water from the pond when it is full.
In terms of cost, this is one of the best options, because you don’t have to pay for digging a pit. All you need to do is to lay out geotextiles and create waterproofing. The price for such procedures is indicated above.
In professional terminology, such artificial reservoirs are called quarry ponds or gravel pits.
Frequent occurrences are old pits used to mine peat or coal . The water in them is usually stagnant, while only small fish are found. In order to use such reservoirs for breeding valuable species, they must be provided with a constant flow of water. By the way, with proper use of a quarry, it is possible to collect up to two quintals of fish per hectare of surface. Most often, these ponds are used by entrepreneurs.
This video tells about the pond at the Kurlevsky career:
To grow fish in a career pond, you will need large and powerful filters, the cost of which depends on the water volume, water quality, climate and other factors specific to a particular region.
Many factors affect the price for building a pond at a dacha. For example, an important component of the cost is the delivery of equipment to the site. On average, in the Moscow region for this service take 40 thousand rubles. If the distance is small, then you can hire a wheel excavator. This option will be cheaper.
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The time of work depends to a large extent on the size of the pond. So a medium size pit can be dug in 8 hours.
Now it’s worth figuring out what else affects the cost of work:
A big role is played by where the buried ground will go. The cheapest option is to arrange a dump on all sides of the reservoir. If you make a dump on 3 sides, then the price increases due to the transfer of soil. Even more expensive is to concentrate the whole earth on one or two sides of the pit.
If you do not intend to save, then you can pay for the soil to be evenly distributed throughout the site. This option is more expensive, because for this you need to use additional equipment.
Now, on what parameters the price of work depends. The length, width and depth are needed in order to calculate the volume of the pit. If we talk about the price per cubic meter, it is about 200 rubles in the Moscow region. The cost may vary due to ground conditions or time of year. Further, it is very important that the ways of approaching the site where the work will be performed be thought out. A plus in terms of price will be if you can provide overnight staff. You also have to organize the protection of equipment at night. This can be done for an additional fee.
It follows from this that before starting work it would be better to invite a company specialist to the site who can evaluate all the factors and roughly calculate the price of digging a pond at the cottage.
In general, the price can be spoken only knowing how the structure will ultimately be. But if in general terms, then a small trench will cost about 14 thousand rubles. A medium-sized pond dug by an excavator will cost 39-40 thousand rubles, taking into account the removal of debris and land. For the complete design and arrangement of an artificial reservoir, you will have to pay about 70 thousand rubles.
It is worth saying that many companies offer their services also in pond design, construction water purification systems, as well as stocking. For many, the last type of work is of interest. The price for it is the price for the total weight of the fish and the cost of the work itself. On average, a kilogram of live carp can be bought for 200 rubles, a kilogram of tench - 400, a gold carp and bream - 500, a white carp and silver carp - 450. The reason for ordering in a specialized firm can be that a competent specialist will think up a combination of fish species, the number of individuals permissible for a given pond and feeding regime.
about stocking a pond:
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Now you know how much it costs to dig up and build a pond in your area. This is a very important issue of concern to many owners. After all, often the lack of information about the price of certain materials or works leads to the fact that the construction of a structure stops at any stage due to lack of funds. With such information, you can proceed to the planning of the reservoir and the calculation of the budget.