The flat roof of the building, even if it is not in use, needs regular cleaning, monitoring the integrity of the roofing and timely repair. To be able to climb onto the roof without too much difficulty, it must be equipped with a convenient and safe exit. In this article we will talk about how to be access to the roof, how to properly design and equip it.
It is easiest to provide access to the roof with a regular stepladder attached to the wall of the house. This option is valid. But when using it, you need to remember the safety rules. Naturally, the stepladder should be strong, with non-slip steps and quite high. But that is not all. If children can walk in the courtyard without adult supervision, the stepladder must be removed from the wall after use and folded.
A staircase located outside the building is a more complex structure. Its installation requires the involvement of builders and is expensive. However, compared to a simple stepladder, the outdoor staircase will be more comfortable and reliable.
The most common variant of an external staircase is a structure made of metal pipes to which grooved steps are attached with the help of brackets. The steps themselves can be from different materials - wood, metal, plastic.
The external stairs must be equipped with handrails. They can be made from rods, pipes, panels or other suitable materials. With the right approach to the choice of materials for the stairs, it will turn out not only reliable, but also quite aesthetic.
The best variant of the internal communication is the hatch installed above the landing of the upper floor of the house. Luke - the traditional version of the exit to the roof of a multi-storey building. In private low-rise construction, this option is also often used.
Many factors are taken into account when designing a roof with a sunroof. First of all, the step of the rafter legs is taken into account, as well as the weight of the frame and the hatch cover. Strapping hatch should be located at a distance of about 7 cm from the rafters. The outer surface of the manhole cover is often covered with the same roofing material as the entire roof. This is necessary in order to achieve the most accurate joining of the surface of the roof and cover. But modern technologies allow to make hermetic high-quality hatches from new materials. For example, you can make a transparent hatch.
It is advisable to immediately design a roof with a sunroof. The presence of this element significantly affects the decision truss construction. If you need to install the hatch in the already finished roof, gently contact the architect, who will calculate all the changes to the roofing system and consider the option of its reconstruction.
You can buy a standard ready-made hatch, and you can order it. Typical hatches come in a variety of models. There is an opportunity to purchase a design that opens to the side or upwards. Keeping the lid open, most often with gas springs. Manufacturers provide protective mechanisms to prevent accidental closing of the cover. If necessary, homeowners purchase and install roof covers with protection against burglary. The hatch above the residential floor should be insulated.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer roof repair services. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
For maximum protection of the exit, as well as to increase its functionality, the hatch can be supplemented with a special small add-on. In this case, the person climbs the stairs through the hatch into the superstructure, while remaining inside the building. Then the door to the roof opens. This option is especially convenient for roofs in use, as it allows not to close the hatch cover every time.
In some projects, the add-in is thought of as another mini floor. They climb up the usual stairs, such as the attic, and from there they go out onto the roof through the usual front door. This design solution complicates the design of the building, but makes the exit to the roof very convenient and completely safe. If the house is built without a mini floor, it is very difficult to build it, as this will require a complete reconstruction of the roof.
A fixed roof can be attached to the hatch leading to the roof stairs. But in order to save space on the roofing underfloor, many homeowners use folding ladders. The hatch with a folding ladder should be equipped with an additional internal cover.When folded, the ladder is located in the space between the inner and outer lid.
Foldable ladders are divided into scissor and sectional. The second option is simpler to use, so more often in homes install hatches with sectional structures. The most convenient way is to use a ladder that folds and unfolds automatically. To expand it you need to pull the cord down, and if you lift the lower steps, it will fold.
Foldable stairs have an attractive appearance, are quickly and easily installed, fully replace normal fixed ones in operation stair construction. When choosing a manhole with a staircase, several important nuances should be taken into account:
the distance between the steps should not be too large;
width steps should allow to put both legs side by side;
in height it should correspond to the height of the ceiling under which it will be installed;
indicator loads should be sufficient, not less than 100 kg.
Such stairs are made of metal or wood. Their cost depends on size, technical characteristics and design. Installation is done by experts.
It may be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the passage of the chimney through the roof.
Attic floors are often equipped with windows built into the plane of the roof. Through these windows you can also go to the roof. Modern manufacturers produce roof windows of various sizes and designs. There are options for installation in a flat roof. The main purpose of the attic window is insolation of attic rooms and airing of the under-roofing floor. But sometimes they are installed exclusively for access to the surface of the roof.