Well outside the city, away from the hustle and bustle! Many families are happy to spend all summer at the dacha, and with the onset of cold weather, like migratory birds, they rush into the warmth of city apartments with regret. The reason is obvious - most of the country houses were built a long time and ill-conceived. They were erected as summer houses, not caring about good weatherization and most communications.
Sooner or later, the owners realize that their cottage can become a full-fledged housing for comfortable and cheap (compared to the city) year-round living. To finally settle on the ground, you need to rebuild a house in the country - a set of works on the re-equipment (and, possibly, the completion) of housing. With such a task, specialized construction companies with multilateral experience in carrying out the perestroika works excellently cope.
Any reconstruction of a country house that was once built without sight for the future, will require financial and time spending. The reasons for the restructuring can be three groups of circumstances (together or separately):
Decay of the building . In this case, the strengthening of the foundation, possibly the walls and floors, is carried out first.
A small area of the house . The solution may be the second (or attic) floor or side annex.
Seasonality of construction . If you decide to re-equip housing for year-round living, you will need to warm the walls and roof, upgrade engineering systems (electrical wiring, pipes and plumbing), equip a ventilated roof and facade. A full-fledged interior decoration will complete the transformation of a seasonal house into a full-fledged residential house with all the amenities.
Before you begin to rework the country house, you need to assessment of the state of construction. It is desirable that it was carried out by a person who has a specialized education, an engineer or a builder. Only a specialist can objectively determine the degree of deterioration of housing, the need for repair or replacement of parts of the structure.
Most of the dachas of the late Soviet and early post-Soviet period are well preserved to survive the reconstruction. When evaluating the dacha construction, a consecutive inspection of all parts of the structure is carried out:
Foundation . Determined by the type and depth of the foundation, at the same time it is useful to assess the composition of the soil and the groundwater level. Cracks in the foundation can be caused by various causes and reinforcement of the foundation should be carried out depending on the reasons for their occurrence. If the reason is a seasonal shift of the soil (with freezing and thawing of the upper layer), it is possible to confine yourself to a blind area. It will protect from freezing the ground next to the foundation, preventing it from moving.
Gender . Old country houses are, as a rule, on the simplest column foundation; floor and logs are located close to the ground; construction is poorly insulated and affected by mold fungus. Such a surface, uneven, with cracked "walking" boards, is a significant source of heat loss and must be replaced.
Walls and roofs . On examination, the state of the structures is assessed, the type of material and insulation is specified. The integrity of the roof is checked.
Communications . In most suburban buildings there is no running water and a bathroom, and bottled gas is used in the kitchen. To make country life comfortable, you need an equipped bathroom, hot and cold water, new electrical wiring and uninterrupted heating.
Alteration houses and roofs in a country house is carried out on the basis of the plan. The necessary work is determined after the inspection of the building, including possible items:
Foundation . The reconstruction starts with the strengthening of the base. First, a blind area is arranged, then cracks in the foundation are sealed. If the cause of the appearance of cracks is not the freezing of the soil, but an excessive load on the structure, serious foundation strengthening will be required. In this case, a trench is dug around the perimeter and the foundation is expanded with cement or concrete with mandatory reinforcement.
Roof . If necessary, strengthens the truss system, spoiled fragments are replaced with new ones. Wooden parts are treated with fire retardant and antiseptic; roof warmed and overlapped again. Common to old houses slate dismantled; instead tile metal or other selected material.When changing the roofing cover, it is taken into account that natural tile requires reinforcement of the truss system, and solid crate is required for bitumen material.
On our site you You can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of reconstruction and reconstruction of houses. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Attic . The transformation of a non-residential attic into a well-appointed living space is quite an expensive but justifying enterprise. To do this, the ceiling is insulated (attic floor and at the same time the ceiling of the dwelling); through non-insulated overlap occurs up to 30% of heat loss. Then the roof is insulated, often inclined windows are installed in the roof, adding light and style to the room.
Communications . Water supply is arranged, gas is supplied. If there is no possibility of connecting to the main networks, an alternative is being developed - a well or a well is being digged, and a septic tank is being equipped. To supply the house with fuel, use gas from a gasholder or install equipment under another type of fuel. Wiring needs to be completely replaced, it is mounted with regard to future energy consumption.
Walls . The facade will require insulation, old windows and doors are replaced by modern designs that can further reduce heat loss at home.
Bathroom . An important element of a comfortable life, for which you need to carry out the installation of hot and cold water, sewage. The price will include tile installation and plumbing replacement - at least, sinks, toilet bowls and bathtubs (sometimes they replace the bathtub with a shower).
The question of increasing the living area is separately considered, and various options are considered: the construction of an extension, the extension of the veranda and the completion of the attic or second floor. To turn the cottage into a full-fledged residential house, a detailed planning is being developed; it would be good to take into account the possibility of the periodic appearance of guests and relatives. If possible, do not change the layout of the house and move the load-bearing walls, as this will require agreement in the project documents.
About the replacement of the foundation and the floor of the house in the following video:
Change and coordination in the documentation is not required if the hosts:
Arrange a greenhouse or garage (a building for which a foundation is not needed).
Equip a light arbor or a canopy .
Set the boiler or mount the security system .
are connected to the sewer or gas pipeline .
Each method of increasing the useful area has features that must be considered.
Attic . Attic arrangement can increase living space by 60-70%, which is an individual indicator, depending on the shape of the roof. Sometimes you have to raise the roof and build up the outer walls; may need to strengthen the foundation. In most cases, it is enough to warm the room and install the stairs.
It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the reconstruction of the house.
Superstructure . This option is selected if the plot area is small. For the construction of the second floor are more suitable brick buildings, whose walls have an adequate margin of safety and are able to withstand the added weight. The walls of the second floor are built on frame technology (Finnish or Canadian); they are light and heat efficient. A cold attic is set up above the second floor, if necessary, the foundation and walls of the first floor are strengthened. If the staircase takes up a lot of space, it is attached on the outside.
Extension . This option stops most of the owners of country cottages - the extension is convenient in everyday use. For it, it is not necessary (as for a superstructure) to construct a staircase that occupies precious space and is often inconvenient for people of age. The extension is the most expensive (of the three available) ways to expand the area, representing a complete construction of a new house, from the foundation to the roof.
About rebuilding a home for permanent residence in the following video:
Turning Seasonal holiday home in a place of permanent residence is the dream of many owners.The restructuring of the house or the reconstruction of individual elements is a multi-level problem that a construction company specializing in such works can professionally solve. Appealing to specialists has important advantages:
Price . Choosing a particular company, you provide an integrated approach to restructuring. You do not have to look for a new brigade for each type of work; all work is performed by a well-coordinated team of builders (usually with their own equipment), which significantly reduces the cost of construction. Many developers work directly with suppliers of building materials, which results in good discounts on their goods.
Time . A lot of time is spent on the search for specialized specialists, the purchase of suitable materials at the price and their timely delivery to the site. A bouquet of disparate mercenary brigades, often not distinguished by excessive zeal and integrity, requires hourly presence of the host at the construction site. If the site is located outside the city, a lot of time will be taken by the road, trips for forgotten, but extremely necessary trifles. All these worries can be avoided and spend time on really useful things, entrusting the construction site to the foreman and professional builders.
Quality . Construction company interested in quality adjustment. It enters into a contract with the customer, carries warranty obligations and therefore offers an additional advantage: a phased (after completion) payment for works with the provision of estimates and a report. The organization that cares about its reputation has in its staff specialists of all necessary specialties, from engineer to handyman.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about permission for the reconstruction of a residential building.
In order to carry out all the work qualitatively, well-coordinated work of a team of specialists and careful planning will be required. Restructuring a country house goes through several stages:
Preparation . The owner, who decided to remake the old cottage, appeals to the selected company, where he can receive preliminary information about the work required and their cost. The specialist travels to the site, inspects the house and the territory, assesses the scope of work and carries out the necessary measurements, photo and video.
Planning . The engineer draws up a technical restructuring plan, calculating the necessary parameters (for example, the bearing capacity of the foundation and walls). On it determine the cost of the work, and an estimate of the materials. The customer may be offered various options for re-equipment of the dacha, methods of completion and reconstruction (including the extension of the open or closed veranda).
Construction . The necessary building materials are delivered to the construction site, after which the reconstruction or reconstruction of the cottage takes place. Works are carried out with observance of terms (fixed in the contract), standards and norms of SNiP.
Completion . The work is submitted to the customer; additionally a warranty of 1-2 years is provided, during which possible problems are fixed free of charge.
It might be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the reconstruction of the foundation with screw piles.
Reconstruction of a turnkey wooden house allows you to breathe new life into a well-deserved building. At the same time, in addition to the main works on reorganization, expansion and superstructure, additional repair work may be required:
Liquidation of the consequences of a fire or flooding .
Reduction of the dilapidated building to operating standards with full or partial replacement of structural elements.
Restoration of engineering systems .
About rebuilding a country house in the following video:
Companies are rebuilding all types of houses:
Brusove, from profiled, glued or planed timber.
Log, made of hand-cut logs or rounded logs.
Brick, block, monolithic.
Turnkey restructuring customers are guaranteed a quality result - a house completely ready for operation; Additional services are also provided:
Detailed consultations on the stages of construction and the selection of materials.
Professional technical planning .
Purchase building materials from trusted suppliers .
Cleaning construction waste .
Insurance of the object.
Work on the reconstruction of the cottage often require serious investment. Turning to the construction company, the customer can count not only on a complete survey of the house, but also on an individual approach in the preparation of the project and estimates. Taking into account the wishes of the owner developed the most cost-effective option for reconstruction of the problem. The cost of some types of perestroika works in the Moscow region:
Specialist's visit to the site, inspection and consultation: 4.5-5 thousand rubles .
Work to strengthen the foundation: 8.5-9 thousand rubles . for the m / n . (work, material).
Roof reconstruction: 6.4-7.5 thousand rubles. / m² (work, material).
Increase in living space (attic): 5.4-6.5 thousand rubles. / m² (work, material).
Extension of living space: 4.5-5.5 thousand rubles. / m² (work, material).
Installation of engineering networks : 3,5-4,5 thousand rubles. / m² (work).
Interior: from 9.2-9.6 thousand rubles. / m² (work, material).
Exterior decoration of the house: from 4.2-5 thousand rubles. / m² (work, material).
Strengthening of openings (windows, doors): from 550-580 rub. / piece .
Installation of the drainage system: from 320-360 rub. for m / n .
Installation of base siding: from 330-350 rub. for m / n .
It may be interesting! In the article on the following link read about the shower for the dacha.
Rebuilding a country house is often a creative and more delicate work than building from scratch. It is necessary to approach the choice of the construction organization responsibly, giving preference to experts with a wide experience of work, capable to perform work qualitatively and quickly. It is convenient to begin reconstruction in the winter so as not to lose the warm season and by the beginning of summer enter the renovated house and settle there.
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