The subject of the article is panels for insulating the facade of a house. Appearing in the modern market of building materials, thermal insulation decorative panels did not receive much popularity. The reason - a higher price than the time-tested old technology. But this material did not leave the market either, like many innovations on which manufacturers had pinned their hopes. So, in this article we will deal with the panels for warming and decorating the outer walls of buildings, what materials they are made of, what methods they use when installing.
First, it is a laminated plate-type material. But there are three main layers: insulation, which is represented by two materials: polystyrene foam and polyurethane foam, decorative panel and base. In some models of thermopanels the basis is absent. Today, manufacturers offer a huge amount of lining in terms of their decorative filling: colors, shapes, patterns, imitations.
But as for the material, there are only four positions:
Clinker tiles. It is simply glued to the insulation in a checkerboard pattern. As a basis, slabs of OSB are used, which give the material additional rigidity. This type has a stylish design, which is very fond of suburban developers.
Decorative plaster applied to the expanded polystyrene plate. There are a huge number of variations of decoration, even on the market there are heat-insulating plates, in the decoration of which quartz or marble chips are made. A distinctive feature of this type is the ability to create a seamless surface on the facade.
Metallic coating. In fact, these are standard sandwich panels, only small sizes. This is a three-layer material in which insulation is laid between two sheets of metal. Sheets of either aluminum alloys or galvanized iron painted or coated with a polymer layer are used as metal plating. Today in the market it is possible to purchase thermopanels, sheathed on both sides with corrugated board.
An artificial stone in the form of a concrete solution decorated under a torn stone. These are heavy plates, but among all types of the presented category the cheapest. Water-repellent and hardening additives are added to the concrete, so that they feel fine on the facades of the houses.
Considering the characteristics of thermal panels for exterior home, you begin to understand that this finishing material is not inferior to other technologies for insulation and decoration of facades. And if in some positions it does not exceed, then, in any case, it is not worse. Therefore, it is surprising why it is not actively used in private housing construction.
Judge for yourself:
Thermal conductivity corresponds to the characteristics of the insulation used in the thermopanels. And since foamed polypropylene and polyurethane are placed in this material, it is impossible to find the best option today. For information: the thermal conductivity of polystyrene foam is 0.25 W / m K, polyurethane foam is 0.19 W / m K.
The density of the thermal insulation material used is 40-70 kg / m³. This indicates the high strength of the panels. That is, by simply pressing your hand, this material does not hurt. And for facades it is an important indicator.
The working temperature range varies from -170С to + 170С. Here, even nothing to explain. We simply denote that there is no place on the planet where thermopanels could not be used.
The facing material is not subject to corrosion, rodents and insects, mold and fungi do not start there.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer an audit of construction work. Directly to communicate with representatives, you can visit the exhibition of houses "Low-rise Country".
Manufacturers guarantee that this type of cladding for facades will last 50 years. It is impossible to verify this now, because in the Russian market panels of this type appeared relatively recently.
Cladding panels for the facade of a house with insulation is an excellent sound insulator. He very well extinguishes outdoor noise, so that in this regard, the conditions in the rooms are ideal.
Panels are products with a low specific weight; concrete modification stands out among them. But it is not so difficult to talk about the need to strengthen the foundation.Just have to pay attention to the quality of the wall, exposed cladding.
Excellent vapor permeability. That is, stacked panels do not interfere with the walls of the house "breathe."
Attractive appearance. There is no point in even arguing. In addition, a huge variety of the proposed varieties will allow you to choose the overall design of the suburban area.
Practice shows that if you correctly carry out the installation, you can save a lot on heating. The following figures are drawn: 30-40%.
The only characteristic that can be attributed to the group of "negative", This is the flammability of the presented finishing material. Yes, unfortunately, thermopanels burn and support burning, emitting toxic smoke. It is clear that insulation is burning, and not facing.
As you can see, the technical and operational characteristics were simply obliged to open a wide road to facing panels with insulation. But that did not happen. And the point here is not only in the cost of products (very expensive finishing elements). High cost of installation service on exterior walls.
On our website you can familiarize yourself with the most popular projects of modular houses from construction companies represented at the exhibition “Low-Rise Country”.
Before proceeding directly to the overview of the method of installation of wall panels for exterior finishing of a house with insulation, we will give some important tips that will increase the quality of the final result.
Do not use the services of dubious masters. Thermopanels - material is expensive, if the end result disappoints you, then know that you are to blame for this. Only a professional approach will give a guarantee of high quality plating. Therefore, the advice - choosing a team, ask them to show their work on the installation of decorative panels with insulation. Talk to the owners of the houses. This is the most objective assessment.
Since the technology of mounting panels - frame, it is better to use metal profiles instead of wooden bars as elements of the batten.
Before starting work, it is recommended to repair the facade of the house. It is not necessary to align it, but it is necessary to seal up defects in the form of cracks, holes and other things. Allocate money and on the primer wall surface. The fluid will bind together particles of the material from which the wall was constructed. So, the surface will not gather dust.
Note the thickness of the panels. For example, you should not get a thick finish in the southern regions. You can save money on this, because the thicker the material, the more expensive it is.
If the basement panels with insulation for the exterior of the house are selected for the foundation, the first thing to consider is what type to choose. This will mainly depend on the groundwater level and the width of the eaves. That is, the higher the GWL and the overhang already, the more intense the lining will be exposed to the negative effects of moisture. In this case it is recommended to use concrete or metal models. At the same time, experts advise to pay additional attention to waterproofing the foundation.
In the video, the facade finish specialist talks about thermal panels:
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There are two technologies with which they decorate facades with thermopanels:
Frameless. Finishing material is nailed to the walls with dowels. To do this, at the stage of production of the material in it make mounting holes. This installation option is the easiest, but it has one requirement - a smooth wall surface.
Frame. Everything is clear here - a frame is mounted on the wall of the house on which the panels are installed and fixed. That is, there is no need to align the facade wall.
At once it is necessary to make a reservation that the process of facing the wall begins with the finishing of the base. That is, thermal panels cover the base of the basement so that they are sunk into the ground or into the blind area by 2-3 cm. Then install a tide covering the horizontal plane of the basement. And only then go to the wall paneling.
An important component of the process is to install in even rows laid horizontally. With frameless technology, the panels are simply applied to the surface of the wall, they make marks through the mounting holes, drill holes in the facade of the house on them, then put the panels back on and fix them with dowels. The caps of the latter are subsequently painted in the color of the facade.
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As for the frame method, it is clear that the frame is going to be on the wall of the house first of all. As mentioned above, the best option - metal profiles made of galvanized iron, which are used when installing drywall. Do not use wooden slats. They just have to be treated with antiseptic, after drying with a flame retardant. We add that the wood on the street - not the most reliable material. Over time, under the influence of changing humidity and temperature, the bars will start to warp. And this will lead to damage to the lining itself.
The mounting of thermopanels on the frame does not differ from frameless technology. Just instead of dowels here use screws.
It should be noted that both technologies are so simple that you wonder why the masters inflate prices so much. No complicated construction operations, no unusual procedures. The main thing - to assemble the design of the facade in the same vertical plane. And for this you do not need sophisticated tools or foreign equipment. The only thing that masters use is: laser level and screwdriver.
There is another finishing option. To do this, use the panel, which come in separate parts. For example, separately supplied sheets of insulation, precisely cut to the shape and size of the panels, separately supplied clinker tiles. The mounting technology is as follows:
A wall insulation is attached to the wall with the help of mushroom-shaped dowels (they are often called dish-shaped). In it, under each dowel, a hole is made and a seat under its wide cap.
Then, a special adhesive compound is attached to the heat insulator by means of clinker tiles. Under the last on a heater there are already prepared seats.
Then the grout selected by color is applied between the tiles.
In the video, a suburban real estate expert talks about thermal panels, their variations and installation method:
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In fact, decorative panels with insulation - an unusual material. Now it is possible to create a finish on the front of the house, which is included in the "two in one" category. It is not clear why manufacturers are so overpriced. After all, the production technology of this material is simple.
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