Landscape style in landscape design originates in the XVIII century England. Then many nobles were obsessed with the idea of creating a beautiful garden. Today, this direction is interested owners of country houses and suburban areas. This is so because the style does not require regular painstaking care and is in perfect harmony with the surrounding landscape. Despite the seeming simplicity of the landscape style, it can sometimes be recreated only by professionals. After reading this article, you will learn what interesting solutions to pay attention to when talking with a landscape designer.
This design direction is also called classical style, does not require alignment of the relief, elevation differences are a natural phenomenon here. Therefore, landscape design involves the preservation of the natural environment with hills and ponds.
A landscaped garden should look as natural as possible, but the plants and shrubs should be well maintained and neat.
When creating a project, it is important to think about a system of paths along which you need to navigate the garden. A competent designer will skillfully put together all these details, successfully place benches, fountains, outbuildings and picturesque flowerbeds on the plot.
Important! At least 12 acres of a house or cottage house are required to create a landscape direction territory, as a small garden will not convey the harmony of the landscape and reflect only small details of the English style.
Features of landscape style in landscape design:
Smooth lines with bends and branches for paths and paths. The same natural should be the coast of reservoirs. No strict symmetry and straight geometric lines.
Architectural elements for organizing the exterior: arbors, bridges harmoniously fit into the landscape, not standing out from the general environment.
The use of antique statues , benches in the English style is welcomed.
Flower beds and floral compositions organically flow into the atmosphere of the local area, their location is a neat mound, a small lawn.
Only natural materials for organizing the exterior. No - plastic. Clay, wood, stone, iron - the basic tools for creating a beautiful and harmonious appearance of the site.
Plants and shrubs , characteristic of the territory where the house or cottage is located. Unacceptable - trees of tropical origin, herbs and flowers in the middle strip of the northern hemisphere.
Natural range plants . Subdued hues: grassy green, purple, silvery white, light pink. Motley colors will bring discord in the English style.
Note! It is unacceptable to artificially form crowns of trees and shrubs, cutting them to geometrically smooth shapes, create topiarii. It is enough to let them grow freely, only a little adjusting the process of their growth. This includes normal sanitary pruning, thinning.
Landscape style does not imply neglect of plants. Therefore, mowing the lawn, taking care of flowers, weeding and other chores are required regularly. Is that it will require less time and effort, if you had a modern landscape design in the avant-garde style.
In this style there is no central point from which a panorama of the whole garden could open. It can only be viewed partially. But with each transition from one place to another, a gaze opens to the eyes of a “traveling” person on a site.
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When creating this style, pay attention to the numerous landscapes created by nature.
English style rules require a harmonious arrangement of landings. Higher elements should be located near the middle and then smoothly move to the lowest growing ones. Longline arrangement of plants: from tree to shrub, from flowers to the lawn - the key to success.
This is important! Despite the fact that the paths require smooth bends and tortuosity, this does not mean that the paths from the house to the outbuildings must wind through the whole garden. Convenient location of all the elements above all.
This style does not tolerate "thickening" of landings, and also - the obligatory use of every extra square meter. Space and freedom - the motto of nature.
Luxurious fountains and alpine slides are not necessary if there is a natural meadow with flowers and a pond with water lilies on the plot. The maximum intactness of the garden in combination with the camouflage of the "deficiencies" of the territory is welcome.
Most often use to create a landscape style unpretentious plants. Of the flowers - it is mallow, irises, pansies. They are also widely used directly near buildings and not far from them in flowerbeds, crocuses and tulips, delphinium.
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The choice of trees is unlimited. Coniferous trees (fir, pine) can be planted in the depth of the plot to create color. A weeping willow or even a group of trees will fit most organically close to an artificial reservoir.
Pay attention! When discussing the landscape, you need to not forget about the design of the house. Its appearance should harmoniously fit into the classic style of landscape design. It is not necessary to order the alteration of the facades, it is possible to confine oneself to the creation of a "vegetable carpet" covering the house outside.
For the south side of the house, designers recommend Chinese Schizandra, rhododendron, and for the north - fragrant hops, wild grapes
In the same way, you can decorate a gazebo in the recreation area. To implement the project, many owners of country houses and country houses use ordinary ivy, grapevine, climbing roses, and clematis.
Fruit trees and berry bushes are most often located on the warmest and sunny side: from the south or southeast. When you create this style, you can spend a small division of the site on the garden and garden and recreation area with friends, a decorative corner.
Along with the English style, other landscape-like types of landscape design became quite popular. One of them is Chinese style.
This direction is based on the eastern worldview, according to which everything in nature permeates the energy of qi. Its streams freely circulate only along "non-man-made" contours that do not have straight lines, sharp corners and symmetry.
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In addition to this main feature, the Chinese landscape style has the following features:
All exterior items are completed compositions .
From one corner of the garden should look towards another picturesque corner. That is, the landscape should flow into one another, creating a feeling of infinity space.
Fountains and waterfalls , the streams are located in one particular place of the plot according to the rules of Feng Shui.
Chinese fence does not stand out against the general background of vegetation, but merges with the relief, forming a single whole.
The construction of for tea ceremonies and other activities is always located in a secluded corner of the garden, away from prying eyes, where you can relax and enjoy the scenery.
The variety of plants is a characteristic feature of the Chinese garden.
All exterior elements are necessarily arranged in accordance with feng shui, balancing each other. So, next to the fire element, that is, objects symbolizing fire - red, should not be located water elements.
Note! The philosophical Chinese garden is characterized by calm colors, trees and shrubs should promote rest. Well, if in every corner of the garden you can sit comfortably and meditate.
When choosing trees, conifers, symbolizing health and longevity, are preferred Pine).An indispensable attribute of any Chinese garden should be a bonsai bonsai tree.
The video shows grass figurines for decorating the local landscape:
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Despite the seeming simplicity of the landscape style, it must be remembered that competently combining all the elements of the landscape into a whole picture requires certain knowledge and skills. Therefore, it is best to entrust all design work to professionals.
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